UNCIVILISED & BARBARIC ACT IN INDEPENDENT INDIA
Violence continued to rock Assam on Tuesday following the 36-hour general strike called by the AllAdivasi Students’ Association of Assam. More than 15 people were injured and several vehicles damaged in separate incidents across the state. The retaliatory violence during an unruly adivasi rally in Guwahati on Saturday, when an adivasi woman was stripped in public and assaulted, has, meanwhile, shocked a wide cross-section of people, including intellectuals and members of women’s organisations, who have described it as “uncivilised” and “barbaric”.
On Tuesday, security sources said bandh supporters attacked a group of All-Assam Students’ Union activists near Bordubi village in Upper Assam’s Tinsukia district.
The bandh supporters and adivasi students also attacked a police vehicle and injured a police constable. Two AASU activists were also wounded in a separate attack, a senior police officer at Tinsukia said.
– Deccan Chronicle, November 28, 2007
On 29th September 2006 in Khairlanji village Surekha Bhotmange, her daughter Priyanka and her two sons Roshan and Sudhir were dragged from their home by a mob, stripped naked, beaten to death, and their bodies dumped in a canal. Bhaiyyalal Bhotmange, the father of the family, escaped by a lucky chance. The details of this caste-based crime are sickening, and the hatred behind it is difficult to comprehend, but the viciousness is typical of the many crimes committed against lower caste people in India every day. Most of these crimes are invisible, but this atrocity came to light through Dalit campaigns and became and international news story. The Manuski Project, supported by Karuna, played an important part in making that happen.
The Bhotmange family were one of three Mahar households in the village of 150 houses. As Dalits, at the bottom of the caste structure, they are traditionally expected to remain in a position of subservience, poverty and degradation. But they didn’t. They owned and worked 5 acres of good land. The children were being educated and doing very well. Priyanka was the only girl in the village to attend school. They worked hard and had ambitions and the castes directly above them in the pecking order didn’t like it. The higher castes attempted a land grab, which the Bhotmanges resisted. Then Surekha and Priyanka gave evidence to the police about a violent exchange between a friend of the Bhotmanges and some local landowners, who ended up in a police cell. When the landowners were released, they came looking for vengeance.
There is a horrible familiarity to the story – Dalits own land, do well in education, challenge the social hierarchy and the response is a violent backlash, a dramatic warning against working hard and standing up for themselves.
Today Bhaiyyalal can’t live in Khairlanji and is unable to work the land he loves. It is too dangerous; he needs a bodyguard with him at all times. The Government gave him a house but he prefers to live with one of his few friends. ‘I am lonely when I go to the house, so I stay here’ He says. He has a single hope for the future, ‘The murderers should be brought to justice.’
A trial is underway following a huge campaign, but is dragging on, slowly. He has no plans beyond that, ‘I cannot speak about that now’ he says, and one wonders how he will ever find peace. On a rare visit to his hut in Khairlanji he tends the garden, tidies his shattered home and all seems normal. But his face tells another story. The horrible fact of what happened there is written into his skin, and his simple words speak volumes ‘the grief is always with me.’
Tobu Mone rekho jodi doore jai chole.
Jodi puratono prem dhaka pore jaye nobopremojale.
Jodi thaki kachhakachhi,
Dekhite na pao chhaya’r moton achhi na achhi-
Tobu mone rekho.
Jodi jol ashe ankhipate,
Akdin jodi khela theme jaye modhuraate,
Tobu mone rekho.
Akdin jodi badha pore kaaje sharodo prate- mone rekho.
Jodi poriya mone
Chholochholo jol nai dakha daye noyonkone-
Tobu mone rekho.
Dump your phone company. Move to a better one. But keep your present number. 700 million Indians use cell phones. With mobile number portability finally kicking, many customers, especially pre-paid ones, might abandon ship and firms might offer better service.
To shift, send an SMS from your phone to 1900. Your present company will reply with a unique porting code. Use that code while filling out a detailed form for the company you want to shift to. Within 48 hours, that company will take over all your cell services. The fees, about Rs 19.
Your cell number will be switched off for only one hour. All bills after that, are paid to your new company. You’ll be stuck with them for at least 50 days before you can shift again, so choose with care.
While you can shift from a GSM service to CDMA or vice versa, you cannot shift from one state to another. If you do, roaming kicks in, just like it does right now.
When you port your number, you also need to change your SIM. Apart from retaining the same number, the process is same as acquiring a new connection. MNP might be kicking off all over India now, but in Haryana it was launched on November 25 and 80000 people have already opted for it.So will MNP be a game changer? Not that much, since lots of people now also have an option of buying a dual sim phone. But, if Haryana is any indication MNP seems to have a bright future.
Bangladeshi sex workers take steroids to ‘plump up’ for clients
Sex workers in Bangladesh, some as young as 12, are putting their health at risk by taking a drug to make themselves fatter so they are more attractive to clients. Their madams feed them steroids also used to make cows gain weight
Some say that the Indian cuisine is almost as diverse as the entire European cuisine, because of the four different main regional styles: the North Indian cuisine (the regions Benaras, Kashmir, Mughlai, Punjab and Rajasthan), the South Indian cuisine (regions Andhra, Kannada, Kerala and Tamil), East Indian cuisine (regions Assamese and Bengali) and Western Indian cuisine (regions Gujarat, Maharashtrian and Malwani). The northern part of India is mostly rural, although it contains large cities such as Delphi or Calcutta, thus its cuisine is more agricultural than anything, wheat being a primary constituent of this region’s dishes. Southern regions however tend to be more exotic, more spicy in their dishes and rice is a constant ingredient in their food. To give the taste of their main dishes, North Indians use onions and coriander whilst southerners use a more exotic coconut base for their dishes.
The history of Indian food tells us that during the reign of the British Empire in India (the British Raj), the local cuisine was considered by the Europeans closely to what Gods taught of ambrosia: a delightful, heavenly and delicate dish. Many times, we ask how the Indian cuisine grew to be so popular, so diverse and so delightful. In truth, the question is quite dim…from a population of one billion people, is it really that hard to believe some of them are great cooks?…
But let’s take a closer look at what Indian dishes and snacks have to offer, providing a history of Indian food and a few related legends alongside. Ready your taste buds, because it’s going to be one juicy ride!
The history of Indian food and especially of Indian appetizers is closely related to the country’s culture and traditions. The Indian cuisine is as diverse as the Indian people and it has a large (and extremely rich) selection of appetizers, hors d’oeuvres, and snacks. Besides being extremely tasty and actually stimulating your appetite rather than diminishing it like some other cuisines’ appetizers, these fast snacks are also quite low in fat, since they are based on a number of spices and herbs, such as ginger, cinnamon, garlic, cloves, asafetida, aniseed or coriander, rather that the fat appetizers you’ll find mostly anywhere else in the World.
The majority of Indian appetizers and snacks are based on potatoes, combined with different spices. The Alu Ki Tikki for example, which is one of the oldest snacks recorded by the history of Indian food, is made out of mashed potatoes coriander and onions. Another snack greatly enjoyed by the British during the Raj period, the Samosa appetizer, made out of steamed potatoes, peas and vegetables, is one of the many Indian recipes that was passed on from ancient times.
Although most appetizers and snacks usually follow the same ingredients for each particular recipe, it should be noted that authentic Indian dishes can never be limited to a strict formula, since they differ from household to household. For example if you go to the North, in Punjab for instance and try out a Dahi Barra yogurt and fritter appetizer, it will definitely taste and even look slightly different than a similar Dahi Barra appetizer dish in Southern India’s Tamil region.
Because of this, when the British armies set foot in India, their cooks were dazzled by the sheer number of variations of the same dish. One legend stands out of the crowd from the history of Indian food, namely that of the British cook William Harold. William was quite an experienced chef, working for a rather successful restaurant in central London, when he was sent to India to help the war effort with his meals. Because his dishes were so delightfully well done, he was promoted to be the personal cook of a high ranking officer in the British Empire’s Army. One day, the officer ordered William to get the recipe for a local dish he ate and thoroughly enjoyed that day, named by the locals Bhel Puri, in order to mass-cook it for the troops.
Because there were very few written recipes in India back then (locals were passing on their cuisine with each generation, usually orally) William started walking from home to home, knocking from door to door, in order to find the recipe for the Bhel Puri, which, even today, is quite a complicated appetizer. With every house he went to, he got another recipe, another kind of spice to put on top of the potatoes and rice (seemingly the only ingredients that remained constant in the dish) and another kind of oil to use.
After a long day of inquiries in which the poor cook was unable to find a stable recipe for the wonderful snack, he returned to the barracks, beaten and amazed by the variety of semi-recipes he managed to pile up. Seeing that he is back, the officer asked if he could serve the first portion of Bhel Puri that night, but William told him he couldn’t get any real recipe in his hands and ironically stated that “we’ll have to stick to French fries again tonight, Sir!”. Legend says that the officer, berserk with fury, took out his handgun and shot the cook dead, causing a mutiny amongst the barrack’s soldiers, who were both fed up with the officer’s cruel and disrespectful ways and in love with William’s heavenly cooking. That’s how a small bowl of Bhel Puri (or should I say the lack of it) shook an entire British barracks and caused a long night in the Court Martial offices…
All legends aside, we now know an approximate recipe to the Bhel Puri (somehow thanks to poor William too). The tasty Indian snack is made out of crispy puris, puffed rice, Indian sevs, chilli powder, potatoes, red onion, chat masala, coriander and lemon or mango juice. It comes in two dish “versions”, spicy or sweet. The spicy chutney includes garlic cloves, mint leaves, salt and green chilies, while the sweet chutney’s ingredients are cumin seeds, jaggery, sugar, tamarind pulp and boiled dates pulp.
Indian cuisine is known throughout the entire World as a sweet cuisine and this tag doesn’t come along without some extremely solid arguments. How else would you call a country’s cuisine if almost half its dishes are either sweets or desserts? Actually, Indian sweets have not only made Indian food famous throughout history, but they have been acquired and accommodated to European and North American dishes, finding great success in fancy “Baltic” restaurants through-out England, France, the United States or Spain.
The Rasgulla for example, one of the most popular relished sweetmeats in India, originating from the Eastern part of the country, has an interesting modern history. This dish produced by the boiling of small pops of casein in sugar syrup has become emblematic of the quintessentially effeminate stuff of ridicule of the Bengali people. This sweet dessert can be found in almost all Eastern Indian households, while global malls sell it like there’s no tomorrow.
Another Indian dessert that blends with the Hindu culture is the Payasam (or Kheer as it is called by the Hindi). This dessert has been an essential dish throughout the history of India, being usually found at ceremonies, feasts and celebrations. In Southern India, ancient traditions tell that a wedding is not fully blessed if Payasam is not served at the wedding feast, this tradition being kept alive with each generation, still being practiced by newly wedded couples, mostly in the southern regions, from where the tradition started in the first place.
The best and most popular Payasam dishes are found in the temples of Guruvayoor and Ambalappuzha. In the Ambalappuzha temple, Payasam is served as part of a tradition, based on an ancient legend. The legend states that Lord Krishna (the eight avatar of Vishnu, playing a major role in the Hindu religion) took the form of an old sage and challenged the great king who ruled over that region to a game of chess. Being a true chess player and a master of the mind game’s tricks, the king gladly accepted the sage’s invitation. Asking what the sage wanted in case he wins the game, the king remained bedazzled by the sage’s request: an amount of rice grains for each square of the chess board, each pile having double the number of grains than the previous pile. So the first square would have only one grain of rice, the second would have 2 grains, the third would have 4 grains, the fourth would have 8 rice grains and so on, each pile growing at a geometrical progression from the past pile of rice grains. Hearing this request, the king was shocked that the sage wanted only what he taught were a few piles of grain, when he could have betted for his whole kingdom or the immense riches that he held.
Naturally the king lost, (because playing chess against a God is not that easy, mind you) so he started placing grain piles on each square, starting with only one grain. He soon realized that the sage’s demand was not entirely what he thought of, when the number reached one million grains of rice by the 20th square. By the 40th or so square, the entire kingdom’s rice reserve was depleted and when he got to the last square he calculated that he would have to pay the sage 18,447,744 trillions of tons of rice, which he could have never paid off. The sage then revealed his true form, that of Lord Krishna, and said that the debt does not have to be paid immediately, but the king will have to serve Payasam freely in the temple of Ambalappuzha, to pilgrims, homeless or whoever comes there for peace of mind and prayer or for those seeking shelter. This is how the Payasam became famous, integrating in the Hindu culture. The tradition of freely serving Payasam in Ambalappuzha still lives today and pilgrims all over India have an easier ride knowing that a hot bowl of the sweet dessert awaits them at the end of their journey.
Western India also does a great job on satisfying the sweet tooth of its inhabitants, with one of the most delicious desserts you will be able to find throughout the history of Indian food: the Shrikhand. The Shrikhand is a creamy dessert made out of strained yogurt, from which all water is drained off, leaving the thick yogurt cream by itself. Adding exotic dry fruits like mangos only enhances the Shrikhand’s delightful taste to newer limits. This great dessert is one of Western India’s most popular traditional dishes, since it has ancient roots in the Indian cuisine. Comparisons of this dessert to the Indian people have stated that Indians are a people who like to extract the best of things from everything, leaving everything else behind, their true and hospitable nature being a result of the fact that they dry out every spiritual detail that has no substance or meaning.
Other important traditional Indian sweets and desserts, famous throughout the history of Indian food, include the following: Gulab Jamun (a popular Indian dessert made out of fried milk balls in sweet syrup), Mysore Pak (a delicious dessert made out of ghee, sugar and chick pea flour), Halwa (or Halva in modern English spelling; made out of semolina and sugar, the Halwa is one of the most popular Indian desserts that have spread in every corner of the World), the Kulfi (often referred to as Indian ice cream, the Kulfi is made out of boiled milk and a wide variety of mango, kesar or cardamom flavors), the Jalebi (a common sweet dish from North India, the Jalebi is basically a pretzel-shaped fried batter, which is soaked in syrup) and the Jangiri (the South Indian look-alike of the North Indian Jalebi).
As we can easily conclude, the Indian cuisine is closely related to the Indian history, each historical region developing a unique set of dishes, using diverse ingredients. However, a constant remains for all regions: the affinity for sweet desserts and spicy snacks. Besides being closely related to history, Indian cuisine is also strongly influenced by the Indian religion, Indian culture and traditions and the Indian people themselves.
If you can appreciate the facts behind the history of Indian food, the setting in which this great country’s cuisine was formed, the influences it took and the diversity it created, then you will surely appreciate one of their sweet desserts or one of their spicy snacks and appetizers. No other country has a wider selection of exotic dishes and no other country can offer such a large variety of impulses for your taste buds.
I finished high school absolutely certain that I was going to be an engineer.so were my parents.I’s one of the toppers in secondary exam and everybody in my family took it for granted as there was a common notion that a good student must pursue career as a doctor or an engineer. Two years later, I took admission in the scottish church college as a physics(h) student.soon I gotta know it aint my job.It was then I met a journalist in a leading english news daily & I realized it was just my cup of tea.
In my high school days,I used to be the student editor of a bimonthly school portal and I had to write the student editor’s note.It was hugely popular among the pupil & the endeavor was appreciated by the journalist fraternity who reviewed it on regular basis. I began writing for TOI.a number of stories were published and some in the front page.There was no second thought.In my wildest dream,I never aspired to be a journalist.
I began my journalism degree when there was hardly an institution in kolkata to offer journalism as the main course.students had to take admissions in colleges in other states.
I graduated from my journalism degree in December with job offers from three major national print, broadcast and online media outlets. Journalism grads with any job offers at all are pretty rare, and I know people who are bright, talented and have better GPAs than me who remain unemployed.
In a way I guess I’m lucky, but I have learned some lessons on my way to employability. Here are my tips for students who’d like to land a job as a journalist at the end of their degree.
Look for stories before you look for jobs.
Journalism is about telling stories, so get into the habit of looking for them everywhere you go.
Talk to people, keep an eye on Twitter and Facebook, look at local bulletin boards… soon you’ll start seeing them everywhere. Start consuming media voraciously – online news, local tabloids, national broadsheets, talk radio and TV bulletins. You’ll learn what separates great stories from average ones, and the best ways of telling them.
Work out where your interests and passions lie. You can pick up the skills from there.
No matter what industry you’re in, it’s very hard to do the ladder-climbing slog if you’re not passionate about what you’re doing. I’ve always been passionate about rural areas and the possibilities of online journalism, and that’s mostly where I’ve concentrated my efforts. I started my degree with an interest in online news and a strong aversion to seeing my own face on camera. This is still generally where my interests lie, but I’m glad I tried other things.
My first stint of unpaid work experience was with the times of india news desk. My degree was very news focused, so the opportunity to learn how to put together radio packages and programs was invaluable, and in the process I found something I really enjoyed doing. Now I work as a cross-media reporter, which allows me to make audio and video packages without having to do pieces-to-camera. Win all around.
Take advantage of your student status and get as much practical experience in as many different fields as you can.
For the first half of my degree, I did unpaid work experience while funding my existence with a combination of Youth Allowance and hospitality work. It is almost impossible to get paid work without having some unpaid work under your belt. Working for free sucks, so the sooner you can get that out of the way, the better.
I did unpaid stints at rural newspapers, community and radio stations and a music PR firm. I was pleasant, worked harder than I needed to and asked questions about the stories, the work, the career paths of certain staff members and did anything I could to help the staff… including getting coffee and doing mail runs.
By second year I was able to leave my job, because I’d got my name out there as someone whose work was worthy of payment. With my study allowance covering rent, bills and enough food to keep me alive, I wrote articles for street press and magazines, copy for advertising agencies and press releases and media kits for bands and artists. I also picked up a couple of temporary jobs with the statesman, which helped to tide me through leaner periods. Freelancing is hard, but it made me appreciate the value of my work and the importance of creating good relationships with the people you work with.
It’s worth mentioning that the degree I did has a strong practical focus and runs excellent in-house TV and Radio praxis for their students.
Be open to working in rural and regional areas.
All the people from my degree who are landing jobs are landing them in regional areas.
If you come from a rural or regional area, you’ve got a head start on the city kids. Regional bureaux are almost always understaffed, and they’re much more likely to give the work experience kid a go, if they’ve got a particularly bright and energetic one.
There are plenty of stories outside the metropolitan areas, and often country people are more helpful and willing to speak to you than city-dwellers. You’ll have fun and learn a lot, and starting off in the regions doesn’t mean you have to stay there. Most of the people in top-notch journo jobs started in non-metro areas.
*Don’t worry too much about your grades.*
Unlike degrees like law or medicine, your future job prospects aren’t directly tied with your degrees. I spent time I could’ve spent on turning in perfect assignments doing work experience and the like.
Keep plugging away until you get what you want.
It’s a hard slog to get them, but there are definitely jobs in journalism out there for people who are smart, passionate and hungry for them. Don’t wait until third year – start getting your chops up now.
An angel of mercy or angel of death is a rare type of serial killer who is usually but not always female and employed as a caretaker. The angel of mercy is often in a position of power and decides the victim would be better off if they no longer suffered. This person then uses their knowledge to manufacture the death of the victim. As time goes on, this behavior escalates to encapsulate the healthy and the easily treated.
One theory to explain this particular type of serial killer is the Neutralization theory. Developed by sociologists Gresham Sykes and David Matza, it explains that criminals understand right from wrong. In order to neutralize their actions, criminals will develop new perceptions to mitigate the circumstances of their crimes. In this case, the killer might claim that he or she was helping the victim by easing their pain.
Harold Frederick “Fred” Shipman (14 January 1946 – 13 January 2004) was a convicted English serial killer. A doctor by profession, he is among the most prolific serial killers in recorded history with 218 murders being positively ascribed to him, although the actual number is likely much higher.
On 31 January 2000, a jury found Shipman guilty of 15 murders. He was sentenced to life imprisonment and the judge recommended that he never be released. The whole life tariff was confirmed by the Home Secretary a little over two years later.
After his trial, the Shipman Inquiry, chaired by Dame Janet Smith, investigated all deaths certified by Shipman. About 80% of his victims were women. His youngest victim was Peter Lewis, a 41-year-old man. Much of Britain’s legal structure concerning health care and medicine was reviewed and modified as a direct and indirect result of Shipman’s crimes, especially after the findings of the Shipman Inquiry, which began on 1 September 2000 and lasted almost two years. Shipman is the only British doctor found guilty of murdering his patients.
Shipman died on 13 January 2004, after hanging himself in in his cell at Wakefield Prison in West Yorkshire.
Early life and careerShipman was born in Nottingham England, the second of four children of Vera and Harold Shipman, a lorry driver. His working class parents were devout Methodists. Shipman was particularly close to his mother, who died during his teenage years. Her death came in a manner similar to what would later become Shipman’s own modus operandi: she had contracted cancer, and in the later stages of the disease had morphine administered at home by a doctor. Shipman witnessed his mother’s pain subside in light of her terminal condition, up until her death on 21 June 1963.
Shipman received a scholarship to medical school, and graduated from Leeds School of Medicine in 1970. He started work at Pontefract General Infirmary in Pontefract, West Riding of Yorkshire, and in 1974, took his first position as a general practitioner (GP) at the Abraham Ormerod Medical Centre in Todmorden, West Yorkshire. In 1975 he was caught forging prescriptions of pethidine for his own use. He was fined £600, and briefly attended a drug rehabilitation clinic in York. After a brief period as medical officer for Hatfield College, Durham, and temporary work for the National Coal Board, he became a GP at the Donneybrook Medical Centre in Hyde, Cheshire, in 1977.
Shipman continued working as a GP in Hyde throughout the 1980s and founded his own surgery on Market Street in 1993, becoming a respected member of the community. In 1983, he was interviewed on the Granada television documentary World in Action on how the mentally ill should be treated in the community.
 DetectionIn March 1998, Dr. Linda Reynolds of the Brooke Surgery in Hyde—prompted by Deborah Massey from Frank Massey and Son’s funeral parlour—expressed concerns to John Pollard, the coroner for the South Manchester District, about the high death rate among Shipman’s patients. In particular, she was concerned about the large number of cremation forms for elderly women that he had needed countersigned. She suspected Shipman was, either through negligence or intent, killing his patients.
The matter was brought to the attention of the police, who were unable to find sufficient evidence to bring charges; The Shipman Inquiry later blamed the police for assigning inexperienced officers to the case. Between 17 April 1998, when the police abandoned the investigation, and Shipman’s eventual arrest, he killed three more people. His last victim was Kathleen Grundy, a former ceremonial Mayor of Hyde, who was found dead at her home on 24 June 1998. Shipman was the last person to see her alive, and later signed her death certificate, recording “old age” as cause of death.
Grundy’s daughter, lawyer Angela Woodruff, became concerned when solicitor Brian Burgess informed her that a will had been made, apparently by her mother (although there were doubts about its authenticity). The will excluded her and her children, but left £386,000 to Shipman. Burgess told Woodruff to report it, and went to the police, who began an investigation. Grundy’s body was exhumed, and when examined found to contain traces of diamorphine (heroin), often used for pain control in terminal cancer patients. Shipman was arrested on 7 September 1998, and was found to own a typewriter of the type used to make the forged will.
The police then investigated other deaths Shipman had certified, and created a list of 15 specimen cases to investigate. They discovered a pattern of his administering lethal overdoses of diamorphine, signing patients’ death certificates, and then forging medical records indicating they had been in poor health.
Prescription For Murder, a book by journalist Brian Masters, reports two theories on why Shipman forged the will. One is that he wanted to be caught because his life was out of control; the other reason, that he planned to retire at fifty-five and leave the country.
 Trial and imprisonmentShipman’s trial, presided over by Mr Justice Forbes, began on 5 October 1999. Shipman was charged with the murders of Marie West, Irene Turner, Lizzie Adams, Jean Lilley, Ivy Lomas, Muriel Grimshaw, Marie Quinn, Kathleen Wagstaff, Bianka Pomfret, Norah Nuttall, Pamela Hillier, Maureen Ward, Winifred Mellor, Joan Melia and Kathleen Grundy, all of whom had died between 1995 and 1998.
On 31 January 2000, after six days of deliberation, the jury found Shipman guilty of killing 15 patients by lethal injections of diamorphine, and forging the will of Kathleen Grundy. The trial judge sentenced him to 15 consecutive life sentences and recommended that he never be released. Shipman also received four years for forging the will. Two years later, Home Secretary David Blunkett confirmed the judge’s recommendation that Shipman never be released, just months before British government ministers lost their power to set minimum terms for prisoners.
On 11 February 2000, ten days after his conviction, the General Medical Council formally struck Shipman off its register.
Shipman consistently denied his guilt, disputing the scientific evidence against him. He never made any statements about his actions. His defence tried, but failed, to have the count of murder of Mrs Grundy, where a clear motive was alleged, tried separately from the others, where no obvious motive was apparent. His wife Primrose apparently was in denial about his crimes as well.
Although many other cases could have been brought to court, the authorities concluded it would be hard to have a fair trial, in view of the enormous publicity surrounding the original trial. Also, given the sentences from the first trial, a further trial was unnecessary. The Shipman Inquiry concluded Shipman was probably responsible for about 250 deaths. The Shipman Inquiry also suggested that he liked to use drugs recreationally.
Despite the prosecutions of Dr John Bodkin Adams in 1957, Dr Leonard Arthur in 1981, and Dr Thomas Lodwig in 1990 (amongst others), Shipman is the only doctor in British legal history to be found guilty of killing patients. According to historian Pamela Cullen, Adams had also been a serial killer—potentially killing up to 165 of his patients between 1946 and 1956—and it is estimated he may have killed over 450, but as he “was found not guilty, there was no impetus to examine the flaws in the system until the Shipman case. Had these issues been addressed earlier, it might have been more difficult for Shipman to commit his crimes.” H. G. Kinnell, writing in the British Medical Journal, also speculates that Adams “possibly provided the role model for Shipman”.
 DeathHarold Shipman committed suicide by hanging in his cell at Wakefield Prison at 06:20 on 13 January 2004, on the eve of his 58th birthday, and was pronounced dead at 08:10. A Prison Service statement indicated that Shipman had hanged himself from the window bars of his cell using bed sheets. Some British tabloids expressed joy at his suicide and encouraged other serial killers to follow his example; The Sun ran a celebratory front page headline, “Ship Ship hooray!”
Some of the victims’ families said they felt cheated, as his suicide meant they would never have the satisfaction of Shipman’s confession, and answers as to why he committed his crimes. The Home Secretary David Blunkett noted that celebration was tempting, saying: “You wake up and you receive a call telling you Shipman has topped himself and you think, is it too early to open a bottle? And then you discover that everybody’s very upset that he’s done it.”
Despite The Sun’s celebration of Shipman’s suicide, his death divided national newspapers, with the Daily Mirror branding him a “cold coward” and condemning the Prison Service for allowing his suicide to happen.The Independent, on the other hand, called for the inquiry into Shipman’s suicide to look more widely at the state of Britain’s prisons as well as the welfare of inmates.In The Guardian, however, an article by Sir David Ramsbotham (former Chief Inspector of Prisons) suggested that whole life sentences should be replaced by indefinite sentences as these would at least give prisoners the hope of eventual release and reduce the risk of their committing suicide as well as making their management easier for prison officials.
Shipman’s motive for suicide was never established, although he had reportedly told his probation officer that he was considering suicide so that his widow could receive a National Health Service (NHS) pension and lump sum, even though he had been stripped of his own pension. His wife received a full NHS pension, which she would not have been entitled to if he had died after the age of 60. FBI profiler John Douglas asserted that serial killers are usually obsessed with manipulation and control, and killing themselves in police custody, or committing “suicide by cop”, can be a final act of control. Shipman had been emotional and close to tears when his refusal to take part in courses which would have encouraged him to confess his guilt led to privileges including the opportunity to telephone his wife being removed. Privileges had been returned the week before the suicide. Also Primrose who had consistently believed that he was innocent might have begun to suspect Harold Shipman’s guilt.
According to Tony Fleming, Shipman’s ex-cellmate, Primrose recently wrote her husband a letter, exhorting him to “tell me everything, no matter what”.
Shortly after Shipman’s death, Sir David Ramsbotham wrote an article in The Guardian newspaper, urging that whole life sentencing be replaced by indefinite sentencing. He said indefinite sentences would be better than whole life sentences because, while a prisoner might still never be released, they would always have the hope that they might. A high proportion of prisoners with whole life tariffs or very long sentences want to die, see, for example, Ian Huntley or Ian Brady.
 AftermathIn January 2001, Chris Gregg, a senior West Yorkshire detective was selected to lead an investigation into 22 of the West Yorkshire deaths. Following this, a report into Shipman’s activities submitted in July 2002 concluded that he had killed at least 215 of his patients between 1975 and 1998, during which time he practiced in Todmorden, West Yorkshire (1974–1975) and Hyde, Greater Manchester (1977–1998). Dame Janet Smith, the judge who submitted the report, admitted that many more suspicious deaths could not be definitively ascribed to him. Most of his victims were elderly women in good health.
In her sixth and final report, issued on 24 January 2005, Smith reported that she believed that Shipman had killed three patients, and she had serious suspicions about four further deaths, including that of a four-year-old girl, during the early stage of his medical career at Pontefract General Hospital, West Riding, Yorkshire. Smith concluded the probable number of Shipman’s victims between 1971 and 1998 was 250. In total, 459 people died while under his care, but it is uncertain how many of those were Shipman’s victims, as he was often the only doctor to certify a death.
The Shipman Inquiry also recommended changes to the structure of the General Medical Council.
The General Medical Council charged six doctors who signed cremation forms for Shipman’s victims with misconduct, claiming they should have noticed the pattern between Shipman’s home visits and his patients’ deaths. All these doctors were found not guilty. Shipman’s widow, Primrose Shipman, was called to give evidence about two of the deaths during the inquiry. She maintained her husband’s innocence both before and after the prosecution.
In October 2005, a similar hearing was held against two doctors who worked at Tameside General Hospital in 1994, who failed to detect that Shipman deliberately administered a “grossly excessive” dose of morphine.
A 2005 inquiry into Shipman’s suicide found that it “could not have been predicted or prevented,” but that procedures should nonetheless be re-examined.
In 2005, it came to light that Shipman might have stolen jewellery from his victims. Over £10,000 worth of jewellery had been found in his garage in 1998, and in March 2005, with Primrose Shipman pressing for it to be returned to her, police wrote to the families of Shipman’s victims asking them to identify the jewellery.
Unidentified items were handed to the Assets Recovery Agency in May. In August the investigation ended: 66 pieces were returned to Primrose Shipman and 33 pieces, which she confirmed were not hers, were auctioned. The proceeds of the auction went to Tameside Victim Support. The only piece actually returned to a murdered patient’s family was a platinum-diamond ring, for which the family were able to provide a photograph as proof of ownership.
A memorial garden to Shipman’s victims, called the Garden of Tranquillity, opened in Hyde Park (Hyde) on 30 July 2005.
Harold and Fred (They Make Ladies Dead) was a 2001 strip cartoon in Viz, also featuring serial killer Fred West. Extracts from the strip were subsequently merchandised as a coffee mug.
Shipman, a television dramatisation of the case, was made in 2002 and starred James Bolam in the title role. The case was also referenced in an episode of the 2003 television series Diagnosis: Unknown called “Deadly Medicine” (Season 2, Episode 17, 2003). Shipman’s activities also inspired D.A.W., an episode of the American TV series Law & Order: Criminal Intent. In it, the police investigate a physician who they discover has killed 200 of his patients.
Both The Fall and Jonathan King have released songs about Shipman. The Fall’s song is, “What About Us?”, from the 2005 album Fall Heads Roll.
King’s song became controversial when, six months after its release, it was reported to be in Shipman’s defence, urging listeners not to “fall for a media demon”.
In November 2010 professional footballer Phil Jagielka appeared on BBC 1 Sport Advice to discuss the dangers of drug abuse in sports, Jagielka opened up about the death of his grandfather in 1999 for which Shipman may have been responsible.
Jagielka stated: My late grandfather (Tomas Jagielka) suffered from Scoliosis (Curvature of the Spine), his spine curved to the left and he had a back brace and surgery to straighten the spine. He was recovering at home from the surgery and my mother asked if I would go round and open the door for the doctor. I went round and the doctor (Harold Shipman) was standing on the doorstep, I opened the door and we went up to my grandfathers room where Dr Shipman put his hand on my right shoulder and said “I think I’ll stay here a while in case he wakes up so he doesn’t scare people,’. “I didn’t think anything of it at the time, but I do now.”. “About 5 minutes later he called me back into the room where he said very basically “Your grandfather has died I’m afraid”, I panicked and grabbed the phone too call mum but Shipman snatched the phone out of my hand and said something along the lines of “No need to do that, I’ll call her”. I said you don’t know the number, he replied “Write it down for me then and I will call when I get back to the practice”.
As of early 2009, families of the victims of Shipman are still seeking compensation for the loss of their loved ones.
In September 2009, it was announced that letters written by Shipman during his prison sentence were to be sold at auction. Following complaints from victims’ relatives and the media, the letters were removed from sale.
They say-nothing new happens under the sun.Indeed true it is.Mexico is always infamous for drug peddlers. So is Afghanistan for sheltering notorious terrorists. If a local newspaper in London or Delhi reports – A serial killer is at large and the way he kills his victims is gruesome, ripping off skin, gouging out eyes, shoving metal rots down the female genitals, Do not be amazed. Back in the eighties, jack the ripper literally robbed off sleep of the detective department for years.
Here I am gonna write on the most infamous Serial killers (by number of victims) worldwide.
Our very own WIKI defines serial killer as —“A serial killer is a person who murders three or more people, in three or more separate events over a period of time, for primarily psychological reasons. There are gaps of time between the killings, which may range from a few hours to many years. This list shows serial killers by number of victims. In many cases, the exact number of victims assigned to a serial killer is not known, and even if that person is convicted of a few, there can be the possibility that he/she killed many more”
As you can well guess, there can never be any fixed definition of a serial killer. If a maniac goes on a killing spree and stabs some 10 people to death spanning a day, wont he be called a serial killer? Yes, he will.
Methods taken by these hardened criminals would flow chill down your spine. Some preferred asphyxiation as the safest killing method , other believed pumping a few bullets is the best way. the gory ones includes chopping off different body parts,.
The third column in the table states the number of victims definitely assigned to that particular serial killer, and thus the table is in order of that figure. The fourth column states the number of possible victims the killer could have murdered. Some of these crimes are unsolved, but were included because they are the work of a serial killer, despite nobody being caught.
Name Country Proven victims* Possible victims Miscellaneous information
Harold Shipman United Kingdom 218 250+ A doctor who targeted his patients, the majority of whom were elderly women. Killed his patients with lethal injections of diamorphine.
Luis Garavito Colombia 138 300 Targeted young boys. Arrested in 1999.
Thug Behram India 125 931 Born 1765, died 1840. Leader of the Thuggee cult.
Pedro Alonso López Colombia 110 350 Targeted young girls. Arrested in 1980. Though he may be the most prolific serial murderer of modern times, he was released after it was declared he had been rehabilitated. Current whereabouts unknown.
Erzsébet Báthory Hungary 80 650 Born 1560, died 1614. Accused of murdering 600 or so people; however, no public trial was held. Was imprisoned in a room of her own castle until her death.
Gilles de Rais Brittany 80 600 Breton nobleman fought alongside Joan of Arc during the Hundred Years War. His confession was gained under torture and threat of torture, as was customary.
Pedro Rodrigues Filho Brazil 71 100+ Convicted and sentenced to 128 years, but the maximum one can serve in Brazil is 30 years. He has claimed to have killed over 100 victims, 40 of them inmates.
Yang Xinhai China 67 67 Would enter victims’ homes at night and kill everyone with axes, meat cleavers, hammers, and shovels.
Andrei Chikatilo USSR/Russia 53 56 Convicted of the murder of 53 women and children between 1978 and 1990. Three people were previously convicted and executed for his crimes.
Anatoly Onoprienko USSR/Ukraine 52 52+ Convicted of the murders of 9 people in 1989 and 43 people in 1995–1996. Traveled through Europe illegally from 1990 to 1995; whether he killed during this time is unknown.
Bruno Lüdke Germany 51 51 Mentally disabled, Lüdke was arrested after being discovered with a corpse. Nazi police declared him insane and imprisoned him in a psychiatric hospital, where he was experimented on before being executed in 1944. The case remains controversial, as the only evidence tying him to the crimes was a confession that may have been physically coerced.
Alexander Pichushkin Russia 49 61+ Convicted of murdering 49 victims and suspected of killing 61. Claimed to have murdered 63 people out of his goal of 64 to fill a chessboard. Stated goal of becoming Russia’s most prolific serial killer.
Gary Leon Ridgway United States 48 90 Truck painter who confessed to killing 71 women and dumping their bodies along the Green River near Seattle, Washington. The man with the most murder convictions in U.S. history, he pleaded guilty to 48 and was sentenced to life imprisonment without the possibility of parole for each.
Ahmad Suradji Indonesia 42 42 Convicted of killing 42 women and girls in a series of ritual slayings he believed would give him magical powers. Executed by firing squad on 11 July 2008.
Gerald Stano United States 41 41 Confessed to killing 41 women in mostly Florida and New Jersey areas. Some controversy surrounds the case as he is believed by some to have been a serial confessor.
Belle Gunness United States 40? 60? Active 1900 to 1908.
Moses Sithole South Africa 38 38 Preyed on unemployed women, posing as a businessman and luring his victims with the prospects of a job, before leading them to an isolated place, where he raped, tortured, and murdered them. Sentenced to 2410 years imprisonment with a nonparole period of 930 years. Known as South Africa’s Ted Bundy.
Donald Harvey United States 36 87 Self-professed Angel of Death. Worked as an orderly in Cincinnati-area hospitals and preyed on his patients. Claims to have killed 87 patients starting at age 18. Active 1970–1987. Serving 28 life sentences in Ohio.
Serhiy Tkach USSR/Ukraine 36 100 Former police investigator claims to have killed 100.
Ted Bundy United States 35 100+ Claimed that he may have killed more than 100.
John Wayne Gacy United States 33 33 The “Killer Clown” who kept bodies of young men and boys buried under his Chicago home.
Jane Toppan United States 31 31 Cambridge lust murderer who poisoned 31 victims between 1895 and 1901.
Dean Corll United States 27 30 The “Candyman” raped, tortured, and murdered adolescent boys and young men in the 1970s, crimes that came to be known as the “Houston Mass Murders.” Had his victims delivered to him by paid accomplices David Brooks and Elmer Wayne Henley. After shooting and killing Corll in self-defense, Henley himself brought the murders to police attention.
Cedric Maake South Africa 27 27 Known as the “Wemmer Pan Killer”.
Dr. Marcel Petiot France 26 63 Active 1926 and from 1942 to 1944. Executed in 1946.
Juan Corona United States 25 ? Corona was convicted of murdering ranch laborers and burying them in orchards. He was sentenced to 25 terms of life imprisonment.
Fritz Haarmann Germany 24 27 Also known as the Butcher of Hanover and the Vampire of Hanover is believed to have been responsible for the murder of 27 boys and young men. He was convicted, found guilty of 24 murders and executed.
Béla Kiss Hungary 24 ? Convicted after the bodies of 24 women were found in his home. Escaped from prison in 1916. Fate unknown
Matti Haapoja Finland 22 25 His last victim was the prison warden where he was serving his life sentence. Hanged himself in his cell in Kakola prison, Turku.
Igor Suprunyuck and Viktor Sayenko Ukraine 21 31 Two 19-year-olds in Ukraine randomly slaughtered 21 people in the course of a single month in 2007. Both are serving life sentences.
Vampire of Silesia Poland 21 ? Killed 21 women in 1964–1970 in Poland’s region of Upper Silesia. Zdzisław Marchwicki (executed in 1977) was most likely the man responsible for the killings; however, his guilt remains in dispute.
Earle Nelson United States 20 20+ Necrophiliac who targeted landladies throughout the West Coast during 1926.
Mary Ann Cotton United Kingdom 20 20 Killed up to 20 of her husbands and offspring in County Durham in the 19th century.
Surender Koli and Moninder Singh Pandher India 19 30+ Between 2005 and 2006, businessman Moninder Singh Pandher and his domestic servant, Surender Koli, kidnapped, raped, murdered, and dismembered 19 people (mostly children). Convicted.
Charles Cullen United States 18 40 Nurse in New Jersey and Pennsylvania who murdered 40 patients between 1988 and 2003.
Paul John Knowles United States 18 35 Killed 18 people in various states in 1974. Claimed 35 murders. Known as the “Casanova Killer”.
Huang Yong China 17 25 Lured and murdered 17 teenage boys, although he is suspected of 25 murders between September 2001 and 2003.
Jeffrey Dahmer United States 17 17 Dahmer ate some of his victims and kept their body parts in his freezer. Was sentenced to life imprisonment. Murdered in prison in 1994.
Donato Bilancia Italy 17 17 Burglar who murdered 17 people between 1997 and 1998. Known as the “Prostitutes Killer” and the “Liguria Monster”.
Vladimir Kondratenko Ukraine 16 20+ Kondratenko and his friend Vladislav Volkovich, dubbed the Nighttime Killers, shot, stabbed, and bludgeoned 35– to 40-year-old male victims.
Randy Steven Kraft United States 16 65–100 Convicted on 16 counts of murder but left a cryptic list of 65 murders. May have had an accomplice.
Mahanand Naik India 16 ? Sources said that most of his victims were aged between 19 and 30. Strangled them through their dupattas. It also revealed that it was the lure of gold that led Naik to commit brutal killings.
Mohammed Bijeh Iran 16 16 Raped and killed at least 16 boys and teenagers. Nicknamed the “Tehran Desert Vampire.” Was convicted and executed after being lashed in front of a crowd in 2005.
Sipho Thwala South Africa 16 16 Nicknamed the Phoenix Strangler after the area in which he committed his crimes.
Elias Xitavhudzi South Africa 16 ? Nicknamed Panga man for his use of a machete (locally known as a “panga”).
Jimmy Maketta South Africa 16 16 Pleaded guilty and convicted of 16 murders and 19 rapes committed over a nine-month period in 2005.
John Allen Muhammad United States 16 16 Carried out the Beltway sniper attacks together with Lee Boyd Malvo.
Lee Boyd Malvo United States 16 16 Carried out the Beltway sniper attacks together with John Allen Muhammad.
Robert Lee Yates United States 16 16 Killed prostitutes in the “Skid Row” area of E. Sprague Avenue in Spokane, Washington.
Waltraud Wagner Austria 15 49-200 Nurse who killed elderly at Lainz General Hospital in Vienna in 1983. Together with her accomplices, she confessed to 49 murders but may have been responsible for up to 200. One of the “Lainz Angels of Death”.
Robert Hansen United States 15 21 Prostitutes he kidnapped were released into the Alaskan wilderness for him to hunt down like animals. Based on discovered remains, police suspect him of six murders in addition to the 15 for which he was convicted.
Angel Maturino Resendiz United States 15 18 Known as the “Railroad Killer” because his killings were committed near the railroad tracks he used to traverse the country. He was charged with and/or confessed to 15 murders occurring from 1986 to 1999 in Texas, Florida, Illinois, Georgia, and Kentucky. He was also suspected in a 1997 California murder case and claimed two additional killings he refused to elaborate on.
Dennis Nilsen United Kingdom 15 15 Picked up young men in London between 1978 and 1982 and dismembered them, keeping various body parts around his home.
Coral Eugene Watts United States 14 80–100 Was granted immunity for a dozen murders as part of a plea bargain with prosecutors in 1982 and was given 60 years in prison. In 2007 he was found guilty of the murders of Helen Dutcher (which brought a life sentence) and later that year was found guilty of the murder of Gloria Steele. Died of prostate cancer on September 21, 2007.
Arthur Shawcross United States 14 14 After being arrested for the rape and murder of two children, he was able to plead down to a sentence for manslaughter. After 14½ years of incarceration, he began targeting prostitutes. Strangled and battered his victims. Known as the “Genesee River Killer,” “Genesee River Strangler,” “Rochester Strangler,” and “Monster of the Rivers.”
Richard Ramirez United States 13 20+ Killed 13 people between June 28, 1984, and August 24, 1985, in Los Angeles. Known as the “Night Stalker.”
Peter Sutcliffe United Kingdom 13 17 Killed 13 women between October 30, 1975, and November 17, 1980, mainly in Yorkshire. Was known as the “Yorkshire Ripper.”
Cleveland Torso Murderer United States 13 40+ Unidentified serial killer, also known as The Mad Butcher of Kingsbury Run, who targeted drifters and derelicts, of whom only two were identified, between 1934 and 1938 in Cleveland, Ohio.
Kaspars Petrovs Latvia 13 38+ Confessed to strangling 38 elderly residents of Riga, Latvia, in 2003. Convicted and sentenced to life imprisonment for the robbery and murder of 13.
Herbert Mullin United States 13 13 Despite detailed confessions, prosecutors decided not to try him for the first three crimes, instead focusing on crimes that conflicted with his insanity plea.
David Parker Ray United States 12 60 Torture-murderer possibly aided by numerous accomplices, including his girlfriend. Targeted victims in the Truth or Consequences, New Mexico, area. Known as the “Toybox Killer” for the mobile home he used as a house to rape, torture, and kill women.
Dr. Maxim Petrov Russia 12 19 Doctor who killed his patients in St. Petersburg. Suspected of 19 murders.
William Suff United States 12 12-22 County store clerk who raped, stabbed, strangled, and sometimes mutilated 12 or more prostitutes in Riverside County. Known as the “Riverside Prostitute Killer” and the “Lake Elsinore Killer”.
Maury Travis United States 12 17 Killed prostitutes in the St. Louis area from 2000 to 2002. Caught when he mailed an Expedia.com map showing where to find a body to a St. Louis newspaper. Committed suicide in prison.
Kenneth Bianchi United States 12 15 Convicted of strangling twelve females between ages 12 and 28 and suspected in another three cases. One of the “Hillside Stranglers”.
Fred West and Rosemary West United Kingdom 12 12+ Mainly targeted young females but were also found guilty of the murder of their own daughter. Also found guilty of raping another daughter. Buried the victims around their house and local area. Shortly before he committed suicide on New Year’s Day, 1995, Fred West said there were more victims.
Benjamin Atkins United States 11 11 Raped and strangled his victims before abandoning their bodies in vacant buildings.
Bloody Benders United States 11 Unknown Active 1872 and 1873. Fate unknown.
John Justin Bunting Australia 11 11 Ringleader in the Snowtown murders; sentenced to 11 consecutive life sentences without the possibility of parole.
Nannie Doss United States 11 11 Responsible for 11 deaths between 1927 and 1954. Known as the “Giggling Nanny”, the “Giggling Granny,” and the “Jolly Black Widow.”
Leonard Lake and Charles Ng United States 11 25 Abducted women, used them as sex slaves, and then murdered them, together with any men, women, and children who got in their way. Lake committed suicide upon arrest, but Ng was later convicted of killing 11 people. Between 1982 and 1985, Lake and Ng were believed to have abducted and killed as many as 25 victims, as evidenced by human remains found on Lake’s California ranch.
Henry Lee Lucas United States 11 600 Convicted of 11 murders. Detectives from 40 states came to visit Lucas, and an estimated 3,000 homicides were discussed in what is considered to be one of the greatest mockeries of the U.S. legal system when police officers cleared their books of unsolved murders. The true number of murders committed by Lucas is unknown, but it is likely Lucas was not nearly as prolific a serial killer as he initially claimed to be, as most of his murder confessions were thoroughly discredited, and he himself claimed only one murder—that of his mother.
Clifford Olson Canada 11 11 Considered a dangerous offender, meaning that Olsen may never be released from prison. Has had three parole applications rejected.
Anthony Sowell United States 11 Unknown see Wikipedia article
Jack Unterweger Austria/United States 10 15 Served 14 years in Austrian prison because of a murder in 1974; killed at least 9 prostitutes after his release. Was a small media star in Austrian media in the early 1990s and was arrested in the United States, where he may have killed another 3 prostitutes, on behalf of Austrian police. Hanged himself in 1994 after being sentenced to life in prison.
David Randitsheni South Africa 10 ? Kidnapped 19 people, raped 17, and murdered 10 from 2004 to 2008. Sentenced to 16 consecutive life sentences plus 220 years in prison; hanged himself three weeks after conviction.
Edmund Kemper United States 10 10 A victim of Herbert Mullin was attributed to him originally.
Dennis Rader United States 10 10 Known as the BTK Killer. Murdered at least ten people in Sedgwick County (in and around Wichita), Kansas, between 1974 and 1991.
Robert Joe Wagner Australia 10 10 Secondary ringleader in the Snowtown murders and best friend of John Justin Bunting; sentenced to 10 consecutive life sentences without the possibility of parole.
Henry Louis Wallace United States 10 10 Confessed to 10 murders in Charlotte, North Carolina, between 1990 and 1994.
Angelo Buono United States 10 10 Convicted of strangling ten females. One of the “Hillside Stranglers.”
Charlene Gallego United States 10 10 Killed ten victims in Sacramento, California, between 1978 and 1980 together with her husband, Gerald Gallego.
Gerald Gallego United States 10 10 Killed ten victims in Sacramento, California, between 1978 and 1980 together with his wife, Charlene Gallego.
Donald Henry Gaskins
(a.k.a. “Pee Wee” Gaskins) United States 9 181 Known as “The Meanest Man in America,” he was convicted of nine murders in South Carolina taking place between 1969 and 1975. He was suspected in over 80 murders of mainly young boys and girls. He admitted to 181 killings in his final memoirs.
Herman Mudgett (a.k.a. H.H. Holmes) United States 9 27–350+ Active 1888–1894. Targeted mostly younger women during the Chicago World’s Fair in the 1890s and killed them by enticing them to his custom-built “murder castle,” which was tailor-made to kill large numbers of people using a wide variety of premeditated methods. To keep this secret, he fired all his builders and hired new ones before any one set of builders could ever finish one part of the “house.” He sometimes murdered his victims on a day-to-day basis but usually slept with the victim first and devised a method in the morning. Actual body count is unknown, but it is possible that there could have been more than 230 victims, as the majority of the victims were completely dissolved into acid housed in a gigantic pit built into his basement.
Patrick Lynch Australia 9 10 Irish convict transported to Australia who killed nine people in the town of Berrima over a three-day period in February 1841 but denied involvement in a tenth murder in 1835 when he was a bushranger. Dubbed “The Berrima Axe Murderer”; hanged on April 22, 1842. 
Peter Kürten Germany 9 9 Charged with nine murders and seven attempted murders. Dubbed “The Vampire of Düsseldorf” by the contemporary media. Executed by guillotine in 1931 (age 48).
Ondrej Rigo Slovakia 9 9 Slovak serial killer and necrophile, who committed his murders during the early 1990s in Slovakia, Germany and Netherlands. He was arrested in 1992 and received a life sentence in 1994. He remains the murderer with the biggest number of victims in the modern history of Slovakia.
Dagmar Overbye Denmark 9 15 She murdered between 9 and 25 children – of which one was her own – during a seven-year period from 1913 to 1920. On March 3, 1921, she was sentenced to death in one of the most talked about trials in Danish history, that changed legislation on childcare. The sentence was later commuted to life in prison. Overbye was working as a professional child caretaker, caring for babies born outside of marriage, murdering her own charges. She strangled them, drowned them or burned them to death in her masonry heater. The corpses were either cremated, buried or hidden in the loft.
Thomas Quick Sweden 8 30 Raped and murdered up to 30 men. Several scholars, however, have questioned if he killed anyone. As of 2008 he has withdrawn the confessions and intends to appeal.
Joseph Paul Franklin United States 8 20 Confessed to 20 murders and several attempted murders. Still awaiting trial for most of these crimes.
Peter Manuel Scotland 8 18 A USA-born Scottish burglar and serial killer who is known to have killed eight people across Lanarkshire between 1956 and 1958 but was believed to have killed up to eighteen. Manuel was the third-last prisoner to be hung in Scotland.
Christopher Wilder United States 8 13+ Killed eight women during a spree in April 1984 before accidentally killing himself; suspected in the disappearance and murder of more than 5 more.
Kendall Francois United States 8 9 From 1996 to 1998, he admitted to killing eight prostitutes in Poughkeepsie, New York, but denies involvement with the disappearance of a ninth prostitute.
Eric Edgar Cooke Australia 8 8 Nicknamed “The Night Caller”, he terrorized the city of Perth from 1959 to 1963 by assaulting 22 people at random with various means, killing eight of them. Hanged on October 26, 1964.
Michael Bruce Ross United States 8 8 Ross confessed to all of the murders, and was convicted of four of them. He was executed by the state of Connecticut on May 13, 2005 by lethal injection, making it the first execution in Connecticut and the whole of New England since 1960.
Alexander Pearce Australia 8 8 Irish convict transported to Australia who killed and cannibalized his fellow escapees in two separate escapes in four months in 1822. Hanged on July 9, 1824.
Jean-Baptiste Troppmann France 8 8 Born October 5, 1849 in Brunstatt (Haut-Rhin), he murdered 8 members of the unrelated Kinck family over a period of several months in 1869. His execution on January 19, 1870, in Paris, became the subject of an essay by Ivan Turgenev.
Ivan Milat Australia 7 23–37 Convicted of the Backpacker murders; sentenced to seven consecutive life sentences plus 18 years without the possibility of parole. May have had accomplices.
Derrick Todd Lee United States 7 10 Known as the “Baton Rouge or South Louisiana Serial Killer” convicted of three murders, sentenced to death by lethal injection. Believed to have murdered several other women in Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama.
Doug Clark United States 7 8+ Boiler operator who killed prostitutes in Los Angeles during 1980. One of the “Sunset Strip Killers”.
Christopher Worrell Australia 7 7 Died in car accident before capture.
Orville Lynn Majors United States 6 130 LPN in Vermillion County Ind., Preyed on elderly patients—thought to have killed many of them with injections of potassium chloride. Serving 360 years in Indiana.
Albert Fish United States 6 100(?) Pedophile and cannibal. Connected to three murders; claimed to be responsible for many others. Electrocuted on Jan. 16, 1936.
Tommy Lynn Sells United States 6 70? A drifter active 1980–1999 throughout the U.S. who specialized in killing children and multiple victims after breaking into their homes. Caught when a 10-year-old girl survived his attack and provided a description of him. On death row in Texas.
Robert Pickton Canada 6 20–49(?) Found guilty of six counts of second-degree murder. Accused of murdering 20 other women, most of them prostitutes and drug dealers.
John Wayne Glover Australia 6 13 British ex-pat living in Australia. Known by the media as “The Granny Killer” as he targeted elderly women.
Aileen Wuornos United States 6 8+ Killed strangers, all men, along Florida highways over 13 months in 1989 and 1990 while working as a prostitute.
Mary Cowan United States 6 6+ Cowan killed 3 daughters and first husband, then killed a second husband, and a stepson by a third husband before she was stopped.
Jack the Stripper United Kingdom 6 8 Murdered at least six prostitutes in London between 1964 and 1965, and may have been responsible for the deaths of two others before that. Remains unidentified.
Gert van Rooyen and Joey Haarhof South Africa 6 8 Their victims were never found; the pair shot dead a police officer and then committed suicide when faced with arrest after the escape of their last kidnap victim.
James Miller Australia 6 7 Sentenced to six consecutive terms of life imprisonment with a non-parole period of 35 years. Died of cancer in 2008.
Richard Chase United States 6 6 The “Vampire of Sacramento”, he was convicted of six murders. In addition to killing his victims, he often raped the women’s bodies and drank their blood, or took their organs home and ate them.
David Berkowitz United States 6 6 The “Son of Sam”, he would shoot couples in their cars, killing six and wounding seven.
Aleksandr Rubel Estonia 6 6 He was intoxicated with gasoline vapours during all his murders. Sentenced as a minor to the maximum punishment allowed by law — eight years of imprisonment — he was released on 8 June 2006.
Allen Thompson Australia 6 6 Convicted of the murders of a family of four in Richardson in March 1984, and of two of the family’s aunts who had died in a car accident in Canberra in December 1981; sentenced to six consecutive terms of life imprisonment without the possibility of parole.
András Pándy Belgium 6 6 Sentenced to life imprisonment in 2002.
Billy Cook United States 6 6 Executed December 12, 1952.
Richard Cottingham United States 5 85-100 Killer operating in New York between 1977 and 1980. Convicted of five murders but selfmade claims of victim count as up to a hundred. Known as the “Torso Killer”.
Irene Leidolf Austria 5 49-200 Nurse who killed elderly at Lainz General Hospital in Vienna in 1983. Together with her accomplices she confessed to 49 murders but may have been responsible to up to 200. One of the “Lainz Angels of Death”.
Amy Archer-Gilligan United States 5 48? Active 1910 to 1917; died in mental hospital in 1962.
Zodiac Killer United States 5 37 Targeted young couples. Was never apprehended.
Joe Ball United States 5 5-20 Bootlegger who is said to have been responsible for up to 20 deaths in South Texas between 1936 and 1938. Known as the “Alligator Man”, the “Butcher of Elmendorf” and the “Bluebeard of South Texas”.
John Floyd Thomas United States 5 17–25 Murderer and serial killer suspect.
Jack The Ripper United Kingdom 5 4–16 Nobody was ever caught for the murders, and the identity of the killer has never been discovered. Preyed on prostitutes in Whitechapel, London, in 1888. Arguably the most infamous serial killer in history.
Steve Wright United Kingdom 5 5–22 Referred to as “Suffolk murders”, “Ipswich murders”, “Ipswich Ripper”, “Suffolk Ripper”, “Suffolk Strangler”, “East Anglia Ripper”, “Red Light Ripper” and “the Suffolkator”. Murdered five prostitutes, all of whom worked in Ipswich in 2006. There are possible links to previous Suffolk prostitute killings.
Kristen Gilbert United States 5 70? Targeted patients. Sentenced to life without parole.
Carl Panzram United States 5 22 From 1920 to 1928, he claimed in a posthumous autobiography to have committed over 22 killings. Hanged on September 5, 1930.
Carl Williams Australia 5 14 Gangland hitman; sentenced to four consecutive sentences of life imprisonment with a non-parole period of 35 years. Williams died in 2010 after being attacked by a fellow inmate.
Lindsay Robert Rose Australia 5 10 Contract killer who operated between 1984 and 1994; sentenced to five consecutive life sentences without the possibility of parole.
William Patrick Fyfe Canada 5 9 Convicted of killing five women in the Montreal area of Quebec, although he claims to have killed four others. He serve a life sentence in West Canada.
David Maust United States 5 9 Killed teenage boys; caught when bodies of three boys were found in the concrete floor of his basement in Hammond, Indiana. Committed suicide in prison in 2006.
Danny Rolling United States 5 8 Known as the “Gainesville Ripper”; murdered five students in August 1990. Executed on October 6, 2006.
Vincent Johnson United States 5 6 The Brooklyn Strangler.
Ian Brady and Myra Hindley United Kingdom 5 5 The “Moors Murderers”. Abducted children in northern England. They were found guilty of two and three murders respectively.
Caroline Grills Australia 5 5 Poisoned five family members with thallium hidden in tea and scones she had given them in Sydney between 1947 and 1953. Sentenced to five consecutive life sentences; died from peritonitis on October 6, 1960.
Thomas Dillon United States 5 5 Ohio Sniper.
William MacDonald Australia 5 5 Murdered derelicts in Sydney and Brisbane between 1960 and 1962; sentenced to five consecutive life sentences.
Queho United States 5 1? Active 1910/1911 and 1919. Found dead in a cave in 1940.
Alfred Packer United States 5 5 Murderer and cannibal.
Marc Dutroux Belgium 5 5 Serial killer convicted of having kidnapped, tortured and sexually abused six girls during 1995 and 1996, ranging in age from 8 to 19, four of whom he murdered; also tortured and murdered his accomplice, Bernard Weinstein.
Andrew Cunanan United States 5 5 Murdered five people including Gianni Versace between April 1997 and July 1997 ending with his suicide.
Gwendolyn Graham and Catherine May Wood United States 5 5 Nurses who killed five elderly women in Grand Rapids, Michigan.
Harry Powers United States 5 2 Lonely hearts swindler and conman. Killed two women and three children in Quiet Dell, West Virginia. Arrested 1931 after bodies of victims found buried near his garage. Hanged March 28, 1932.
Ottis Toole United States 4 125 Convicted of three counts of murder, and confessed to four more murders before dying in prison. A sometime accomplice of convicted serial killer Henry Lee Lucas, Toole admitted to multiple counts of murder, rape, and cannibalism, and was the suspect in several unsolved murders. On December 16, 2008, police announced that they had identified Toole as the likely murderer of Adam Walsh, and would be closing the case as a result.
Leonard Fraser Australia 4 7 Serial rapist and pedophile who murdered four women in Rockhampton between 1998–1999. Sentenced to five consecutive life sentences plus 25 years without the possibility of parole; died in prison of a heart attack on January 1, 2007.
Arnold Sodeman Australia 4 4 The schoolgirl strangler, hanged in 1936.
David and Catherine Birnie Australia 4 4–8 Australian couple who raped and murdered four women in their home and attempted to murder a fifth in Perth in 1986. Both were sentenced to four consecutive life sentences without the possibility of parole; David Birnie hanged himself in prison on October 7, 2005.
Jozef Slovák Slovakia 4 4+ A Slovak serial killer active in Slovakia and Czech republic from 1978 to 1991. He was suspected by his investigators of more murders, but only four could be proven.
Gordon Cummins United Kingdom 4 4 Active 1942. Raped three of his victims and robbed the remaining one. Also attacked two other women. Sentenced to death by hanging.
Marc Sappington United States 4 4 Schizophrenic serial killer who heard voices telling him to kill after extended daily PCP use. He cannibalized part of his last victim.
James Vlassakis Australia 4 4 Snowtown murderer and stepson of John Justin Bunting; sentenced to four consecutive life sentences with a non-parole period of 26 years.
Mark Jeffries Australia 4 4 Convict transported from Ireland who cannibalized his fellow escapees in 1824; hanged in 1826.
Peter Woodcock Canada 4 4 Sexual sadist and child rapist. Killed three young children in Toronto in the 1950s. Sentenced to a psychiatric facility, where he murdered a fellow inmate in 1991.
Lam Kor-wan Hong Kong 4 4 Taxi driver and one of Hong Kong’s only serial killers. Famous for keeping body parts in his parents’ home.
Kathleen Folbigg Australia 4 4 Mother convicted of murdering her three infant children and the manslaughter of a fourth child between 1991 and 1999. Sentenced to 30 years imprisonment with a non-parole period of 25 years.
Jerry Brudos United States 4 4 Electronics technician who bludgeoned and strangled four young women between 1968 and 1969 dressed up in women’s clothing. Known as the “Lust Killer” and “Shoe Fetish Slayer.”
Tsutomu Miyazaki Japan 4 4 Mutilated and killed four girls, aged between four and seven, and sexually molested their corpses. He drank the blood of one victim and ate her hands.
Robert Napper United Kingdom 3 3 Rapist and murderer who mutilated one of his victims so badly that the policeman who found her was put into therapy for two years.
Charles Albright United States 3 3 The trophies this seemingly well-adjusted former teacher took from his victims led the press to dub him the “Texas Eyeball Killer.”
Paul Kenneth Bernardo Canada 3 5 The “Scarborough Rapist” later gained national infamy when he moved into torturing and killing teenage girls, assisted by his wife, Karla Homolka.
Bible John Scotland 3 3 Unidentified strangler and rapist of young women active in Glasgow between 1968 and 1969.
Bendali Debs Australia 3 3–5 Convicted of the murder of Kirsty Harty at Upper Beaconsfield in 1997 and of the Moorabbin Police murders 14 months later; sentenced to three consecutive life sentences plus 27 years without the possibility of parole.
Paul Denyer Australia 3 5 Serial killer known as the “Frankston Killer” who murdered three women in 1993; sentenced to three consecutive life sentences with a non-parole period of 30 years.
Westley Allan Dodd United States 3 3 Dodd had an extensive arrest record for molesting children by the time his behavior escalated to include murder. Refusing to appeal his death sentence, he stated that he “should be punished to the full extent of the law, as should all sex offenders and murderers,” and that if he ever escaped, he would immediately return to “killing and raping kids.” Executed in 1993, his hanging was the first in the United States in almost thirty years.
Peter Dupas Australia 3 6 Sexual sadist from Melbourne, who murdered three women and is suspected of at least three further killings. Serving three consecutive life sentences without the possibility of parole. Was convicted of 16 separate acts of sexual violence before his first murder charge.
William Heirens United States 3 3 Burglar who stabbed three females between 1945 and 1946. Known as the “Lipstick Killer”.
John Joubert United States 3 3 “The Nebraska Boy Snatcher,” Joubert was enlisted in Air Force when he was arrested for the murders of two children. Later linked to another killing previous to his military service, of an 11-year-old boy in Maine. Joubert’s criminal behavior began at the age of 13, with a series of random attacks on strangers that went unsolved until his arrest in Nebraska.
Eddie Leonski Australia 3 3 Confessed to three murders after being picked out of a line of American servicemen by witnesses. Was sentenced to death, and hanged in 1942.
Gordon Northcott United States 3 17 1928 murderer with his mother in the Wineville Chicken Coop Murders.
Altemio Sanchez United States 3 3 Known as the Bike Path Rapist for murdering three women and raping at least 14 others in and around the Buffalo, New York area over a span of 25 years (1981–2006). Sentenced to 75 years in prison with no chance of parole.
Dr. Michael Swango United States 3 30+ Murderer and serial killer suspect.
Peter Tobin United Kingdom 3 48 Scottish rapist and serial killer known to have killed at least three young women between 1991 and 2006. Currently a suspect in the Bible John murders, committed in Glasgow during the late 1960s.
Stephen Griffiths England 3 14 English serial killer known to have killed 3 prostitutes but says he’s killed 14 to beat yorkshire ripper peter sutcliffe.He killed his victims with a hammer and crossbow and then later ate parts of them which was why he was later dubbed crossbow cannibal.
Javed Iqbal Pakistan 2 100+ Killed young and poor children from all across Pakistan along with three teenage accomplices. Surrendered himself to the police after his 100th kill, but committed suicide before being executed.