The following are lists of notable people whointentionally terminated their own lives. Suicides committed under duress are included. Deaths by accident or misadventure are excluded. Individuals who might or might not have died by their own hand, or whose intention to die is in dispute, but who are widely believed to have deliberately killed themselves, may be listed under Possible suicides.
- Johnny Ace (1954), American singer, self-inflicted gunshot
- Chris Acland (1996), British drummer for the bandLush, hanging
- Manuel Acuña (1873), Mexican poet
- Robert Adams, Jr. (1906), congressman from Pennsylvania, shot himself after heavy losses in stock speculation
- Stuart Adamson (2001), Scottish guitarist and singer (Big Country, The Skids), self-strangulation after alcohol ingestion
- Ahn Jae-hwan (2008), South Korean actor, carbon monoxide poisoning
- Sergey Akhromeyev (1991), Marshal of the Soviet Union, hanging
- Clodius Albinus (197), Roman emperor, killed himself after a defeat in battle
- Ross Alexander (1937), American actor, gunshot
- Michael Alfonso, a.k.a. Mike Awesome (2007), American professional wrestler, hanging
- Prince Alfred of Edinburgh (1899), member of the British Royal Family, shot himself
- Leandro Alem (1896), Argentine politician, founder of the Radical Civic Union, gunshot to the head
- Salvador Allende (1973), president of Chile; shot himself during a coup d’état — some sources allege that he was killed. See also Death of Salvador Allende
- Jeff Alm (1993), American NFL player, gunshot
- Marwan Al-Shehhi (2001), United Arab Emirate Al Qaeda terrorist, 9/11 attacks
- Jason Altom (1998), American Ph.D. student, ingested potassium cyanide
- Jean Améry (1978), Austrian writer; overdose of sleeping pills
- Korechika Anami, Japanese War Minister (1945), seppuku
- Forrest Howard Anderson (1989), Governor of Montana, gunshot
- Gwili Andre (1959), Danish actress, self-immolation
- Roger Angleton (1998), American murderer, cutting or hanging
- Marshall Applewhite (1997), American leader of the Heaven’s Gate religious cult, overdose
- Diane Arbus (1971), American photographer, overdosed on pills and slashed wrists
- Reinaldo Arenas (1990), Cuban-American artist and writer, drug and alcohol overdose
- José María Arguedas, (1969), Peruvian novelist and poet, gunshot
- Pedro Armendáriz, (1963), Mexican actor, gunshot
- Edwin Armstrong (1954), American inventor of FM radio, jumped from a 13th floor window
- John Atchison (2007), American federal prosecutor and alleged child sex offender
- Mohamed Atta (2001), Egyptian Al Qaeda terrorist, 9/11 Attacks
- Pekka-Eric Auvinen (2007), Finnish Jokela High School shooter, self-inflicted gunshot to the head
- May Ayim (1996), German author, jumped from 13th floor of a Berlin building
- Albert Ayler (1970), American jazz saxophonist, jumped into New York City’s East River
- Nikki Bacharach (2007), Daughter of Burt Bacharach and Angie Dickinson, suffocated using plastic bag and helium
- James Robert Baker (1997), American writer
- José Manuel Balmaceda (1891), President of Chile, gunshot
- Robert Hayward Barlow (1951), American writer and anthropologist, barbiturate overdose
- Amelie “Melli” Beese (1925), pioneer aviatrix, gunshot
- Chris Benoit (2007), Professional wrestler, hung himself after murdering his wife and son.
- Clara Bloodgood (1907), American Broadway actress, committed suicide by gunshot in her Baltimore hotel room despondent over a Clyde Fitch play The Truth which starred Bloodgood but which Fitch dedicated to actress Marie Tempest
- Ludwig Boltzmann (1906), Austrian physicist famous for thermodynamics and the atomic theory, hanging
- Jeremy Michael Boorda (1996), Chief of Naval Operations, US Navy
- Alice de Janze (1941), American heiress, committed suicide with a firearm.
- Penelope Delta (1941), Greek writer, killed herself when the Germans invaded Greece during WWII
- Robert Enke (2009), German footballer, killed himself by standing on rail road tracks nearNeustadt am Rübenberge.
- Ernest Hemingway (1961), American writer and journalist, death by self-inflicted gunshot wound to the head.
- Michael Hutchence (1997), Australian singer and songwriter, drug overdose.
- Marcel Jacob (2009), Swedish musician”
- Clayne Jeffs, nephew of Warren Jeffs, committed suicide with a firearm after admitting that Warren Jeffs had sexually assaulted him as a child.
- Deborah Laake (2000), U.S. staff writer, columnist and writer; overdose of pills
- Meriwether Lewis (1809), U.S. explorer with William Clark, gunshot. There is some debate as to whether his death was a suicide.
- Max Linder (1925), French film and stage actor, double suicide with wife; veronal andmorphine ingestion, cut wrists.
- Robert M. McLane (1904), American mayor of Baltimore, gunshot
- Antonin Moine (1796–1849), French sculptor, gunshot
- Scott Nearing (1983), American political activist and conservationist, by self-starvation at 100 years of age
- David Reimer, man who after a botched circumcision in infancy, was unsuccessfullyreassigned as a girl until he learned the truth at age 13, gunshot.
- Robert Schommer (2001), American astronomer
- Miroslava Stern (1955) – actress, overdose of sleeping pills
- Otto Strandman (1941), Estonian politician, gunshot
- Samuel J. F. Thayer (1893), architect, gunshot
- Hunter S. Thompson (2005), gonzo journalist, author of “Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas”, gunshot
- Li Tobler (1975), Swiss actress, model and life partner of artist H. R. Giger, gunshot
- Edwin Valero (2010), Venezuelan boxer, hanging, after arrest on suspicion of murdering his wife
- Johannes Vares (1946), Estonian poet, doctor and politician
- Juhan Viiding (1995), Estonian poet and actor, cut his veins
- Assia Wevill (1969), German born lover of English poet Ted Hughes; murder-suicide of her daughter with Hughes, gas
- Tobi Wong (2010), Canadian born designer, and conceptual artist.
- ^ Jackson, Laura (2003). “Out of the Shadows”. Paul Simon: The Definitive Biography of the Legendary Singer/Songwriter. Citadel Press. pp. 12–13. ISBN 9780806525389.http://books.google.com/books?id=RQ4rHEcdezkC&pg=PA12. Retrieved August 30, 2009.
- ^ “Johnny Ace is Victim of Russ Roulette”. Billboard magazine: 14. January 8, 1955. ISSN0006-2510.
- ^ Allmusic.com
- ^ Hills, Elijah Clarence; Morley, S. Griswold (1913). “Notes”. Modern Spanish Lyrics. Holt. p. 312. http://www.gutenberg.org/files/16059/16059-h/16059-h.htm. Retrieved 3 June 2009.
- ^ Humberto Garza (October 10, 1998). “Los Poetas”. http://www.los-poetas.com/acuna/acbio.htm. Retrieved 2007-11-10.
- ^ “CONGRESSMAN A SUICIDE AFTER LOSSES AT BRIDGE; Stocks, Too, Had Gone Against Robert Adams, Jr. PLANNED END 2 WEEKS AGO Had Just Paid His Debts to Society Women — “Bridge Whist” Should Be His Epitaph, Says a Colleague. CONGRESSMAN A SUICIDE AFTER LOSSES AT BRIDGE”. The New York Times. June 2, 1906.http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9900E7DF1E3EE733A25751C0A9609C946797D6CF. Retrieved August 30, 2009.
- ^ Mike Wade, Autopsy shows star was drunk at time of suicide, The Scotsman, 26 January 2002.
- ^ Nancy Lang “Sunhee really loved Jaehwan…” Starnews.
- ^ Bae Ji-sook, “Actor Ahn Dead in Apparent Suicide”, The Korea Times, September 8, 2008. Retrieved on September 15, 2008.
- ^ Jackson, Robert L. (August 16, 1991). “Friend’s Suicide Saddens Retired Adm. Crowe – Military: ‘We grew to be quite close,’ former Joint Chiefs chairman says of Soviet Marshal Akhromeyev.”. The Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/1991-08-26/news/mn-938_1_former-joint-chiefs. Retrieved August 30, 2009.
- ^ Collingwood, Robin George; Myres, John Nowell Linton (1998). “Severeus and Albinus”.Roman Britain and English Settlements. Biblo & Tannen Publishers. p. 155. ISBN9780819611604. http://books.google.com/books?id=fMcbnMFn8lcC&pg=PA155&cd=1#v=onepage&f=false. Retrieved January 27, 2009.
- ^ Donnelley, Paul (2005). Fade to Black: A Book of Movie Obituaries. Omnibus Press. pp. 38.ISBN 1-844-49430-6.
- ^ Meltzer, Dave. “Former ECW champ Mike Awesome passes away”. Wrestling Observer.http://web.archive.org/web/20071224020235/http://www.wrestlingobserver.com/wo/news/headlines/default.asp?aID=18705. Retrieved 2007-02-23.
- ^ Sandner, Harold. “II.4.2 Erbprinz Alfred” (in German). Das Haus von Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha 1826 bis 2001. Andreas, Prinz von Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha (preface). 96450 Coburg: Neue Presse GmbH. pp. 155–156. ISBN 3000085254.
- ^ Ruggiero, Kristen (2004). “Eliminating Threats to the State”. Modernity in the Flesh: Medicine, Law, and Society in Turn-of-the-Century Argentina. Stanford University Press. p. 165.ISBN 9780804748711. http://books.google.com/books?id=LC3fScUIUqgC&pg=PA165. Retrieved August 30, 2009.
- ^ “Salvador Allende Gossens”. Presidencia de la República de Chile.http://www.presidencia.gob.cl/view/viewGaleriaPresidentes.asp?id=31&seccion=Presidencia%20por%20Dentro&interfazseccion=Galeria%20Presidentes#a31. Retrieved 2006-04-08.
- ^ Gonzalez Camus, Ignacio, El dia en que murio Allende (“The day that Allende Died”), 1988, pp. 282 and following.
- ^ Verhovek, Sam Howe. “PRO FOOTBALL; A Friend Dies, and Oiler Kills Himself” The New York Times December 15, 1993
- ^ a b “Names of hijackers.” St. Petersburg Times. September 15, 2001
- ^ The 9/11 Commission Report. pg. 162.
- ^ Hall, Stephen S. “Lethal Chemistry at Harvard” The New York Times November 29, 1998
- ^ Améry, Jean (1998). “Afterword”. At the Mind’s Limits: Contemplations by a Survivor on Auschwitz and Its Realities. Indiana Holocaust Museum Reprint Series. Translated by Stella P. Rosenfeld and Sidney Rosenfeld. Indiana University Press. p. 104. ISBN 9780253211736.http://books.google.com/books?id=2UoP_7jdn5cC&pg=PA104. Retrieved August 30, 2009.
- ^ Max Hastings (2008) Nemesis, The Battle for Japan, 1944-45, Harper Perennial p557
- ^ Pacific War Research Society, Japan’s Longest Day, pg88-89
- ^ “Forrest Anderson, Ex-Governor Of Montana, Kills Himself at 76″ The New York Times/Associated Press; July 23, 1989
- ^ Anger, Kenneth (1975). Hollywood Babylon. Straight Arrow Books. p. 168. ISBN9780879320867. http://books.google.com/books?id=n2pZAAAAMAAJ&q=gwili+andre+suicide&dq=gwili+andre+suicide&cd=2. Retrieved January 27, 2010.
- ^ Smith, Carlton. Death in Texas
- ^ Kopel, Dave Kopel “Redefining Justice” National Review; August 27, 2001
- ^ “One year later Heaven’s Gate suicides leave a faint trail”. CNN.http://www.cnn.com/US/9803/25/heavens.gate/. Retrieved May 8, 2010.
- ^ Diane Arbus at the Jewish Virtual Library
- ^ Reinaldo Arenas’ Last Letter; Montclair University
- ^ “José María Arguedas”. Encyclopædia Britannica.http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/33981/Jose-Maria-Arguedas. Retrieved August 30, 2009.
- ^ Roberts, Randy; Olson, James Stuart (1995). “That’ll Be The Day”. John Wayne: American. Simon and Schuster. p. 412. ISBN 9780029238370. http://books.google.com/books?id=S6XlR9_emRQC&pg=PA412. Retrieved August 30, 2009.
- ^ “Edwin H. Armstrong, Inventor, Dies in Plunge”. The Hartford Courant. February 2, 1954.http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/courant/access/887794342.html?dids=887794342:887794342&FMT=CITE&FMTS=CITE:AI&date=Feb+02%2C+1954&author=&pub=The+Hartford+Courant&desc=Edwin+H.+Armstrong%2C+Inventor%2C+Dies+in+Plunge&pqatl=google. Retrieved 2008-11-21.
- ^ “Died”. Time (magazine). February 8, 1954.http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,860424,00.html. Retrieved 2008-06-21. “Edwin Howard Armstrong, 63, electronics genius, one of the fathers of modern radio; by his own hand (a jump from his 13th floor apartment) after writing a note to his wife which concluded: “May God help you and have mercy on my soul”; in Manhattan. In 1913 he worked out the regenerative circuit, which outmoded crystal receiving sets with a sensitive vacuum tube system; his superheterodyne circuit, developed in 1918 while serving in France, is still the basic circuit of AM radio. In 1939, he perfected a method for eliminating static (now known as FM). A professor of electrical engineering at Columbia University for the last 20 years, the earnest, driving inventor earned millions of dollars in patent royalties, died a rich man.”
- ^ “Fed Caught In Sex Sting Found Dead In Cell”. CBS News. October 5, 2007.http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2007/10/05/national/main3338397.shtml.
- ^ 9/11 Commission (June 2004). “Chapter 7″. 9/11 Commission Report. National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States. http://www.9-11commission.gov/report/911Report_Ch7.htm. Retrieved 2008-09-16.
- ^ McDermott (2005), p. 194
- ^ “Finland Declares Day of Mourning After School Murders (Update2)”. Bloomberg.http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601102&sid=aAAinjwfkXII&refer=uk. Retrieved 2007-11-08.
- ^ “Nine dead after Finland school shooting”. The Age.http://www.theage.com.au/news/world/nine-dead-after-high-school-massacre/2007/11/08/1194329351154.html. Retrieved 2007-11-07.
- ^ “Teen dead who opened fire on Finnish classmates, police say”. CNN.http://www.cnn.com/2007/WORLD/europe/11/07/school.shooting/index.html.
- ^ Ayim, May (2007). “The Year 1990:Homeland and Unity From an Afro-German Perspective”. in Göktürk, Deniz; Gramling, David; Kaes, Anton. Germany in Transit: Nation and Migration, 1955-2005. Weimar and Now:German Cultural Criticism. 40. University of California Press. p. 126. ISBN 9780520248946.
- ^ Mandel, Howard (June 7, 2008). “Albert Ayler’s Fiery Sax, Now on Film”. National Public Radio. http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=90627436. Retrieved August 30, 2009.
- ^ “”Albert Ayler” by Jeff Schwarz, Chapter 6″. Archived from the original on 2009-10-25.http://www.webcitation.org/5kmVl4R0c.
- ^ Burt Bacharach’s daughter commits suicide, The Washington Post, January 5, 2007
- ^ Burt Bacharach, Angie Dickinson’s Daughter Commits Suicide, January 08, 2007, Fox News
- ^ “Obituaries:Robert Baker, Satirical Novelist, 50″. New York Times. November 24, 1997. p. Section B; Page 7; Column 2.. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C06E1D8113BF937A15752C1A961958260. Retrieved May 8, 2010.
- ^ Collier, Simon; Sater, William F. (2004) . “Santa Maria and Balmaceda”. A History of Chile, 1808-2002. Cambridge Latin American Studies (Second ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 156–157. ISBN 9780521534840. http://books.google.com/books?id=y2h3KuCIQI4C&pg=PA156. Retrieved August 29, 2009.
- ^ Joshi, S.T.; and David E. Schultz(eds.) (2007). O Fortunate Floridian: H. P. Lovecraft’s Letters to R. H. Barlow. Tampa, Florida: University of Tampa Press. ISBN 978-1-59732-034-4.
- ^ Amelie ‘Melli’ Beese(1886-1925) courtesy of Dr. Russell Naughton
- ^ Sherwood, Roxanna. “Benoit’s Dad, Doctors: Multiple Concussions Could Be Connected to Murder-Suicide” ABC News; September 5, 2007
- ^ “Bloodgood Suicide Laid to Anxiety” (PDF). The New York Times. 7 December 1907.http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?_r=1&res=9506E6DF113EE033A25754C0A9649D946697D6CF. Retrieved 13 August 2009.
- ^ Boltzmann, Ludwig (1995). “Conclusions”. in Blackmore, John T.. Ludwig Boltzmann: His Later Life and Philosophy, 1900-1906. 2. Springer. pp. 206–207. ISBN 9780792334644.http://books.google.com/books?id=apip-Jm9WuwC&pg=PA207.
- ^ Shenon, Philip (May 17, 1996). “His Medals Questioned, Top Admiral Kills Himself – New York Times”. The New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9904E7DD1E39F934A25756C0A960958260&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=all. Retrieved 2008-12-26.
- ^ Liu, Marian (April 6, 2009). “Kurt Cobain’s death, 15 years later, being marked with Friday tribute”. Seattle Tiems.http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/musicnightlife/2008993909_zmus06dispatchcobain.html. Retrieved June 16, 2008.
- ^ “Buffalo Woman Suicide in Africa”, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, January 22, 1942
- ^ “Biography of Penelope Delta”. Benaki Museum. http://www.benaki.gr/index.asp?id=4010201&lang=en. Retrieved 2009-05-25.
- ^ “Suicide keeper battled depression”. BBC News. 2009-11-11.http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/football/internationals/8353733.stm.
- ^ Reynolds, Michael S. (1998). The Young Hemingway. New York: Norton. p. 16. ISBN 0-393-31776-5. http://books.google.com/books?id=yBeqWnz3_JMC&dq=reynolds+hemingway+early+years&lr=&source=gbs_navlinks_s. Retrieved 2010-01-30.
- ^ “The Death of a Rock Star”. The Independent. 1998-04-05.http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/the-death-of-a-rock-star-1154565.html.
- ^ “Marcel Jacob”. jeffscottsoto.com. http://jeffscottsoto.com/news/marcel/marcel.html. Retrieved 2009-07-21.
- ^ David Kelly and Gary Cohn. “Insider accounts put sect leader on the run” Los Angeles Times 2006-05-16
- ^ Merry, Bruce (2004). “Karyotakis, Kostas”. Encyclopedia of modern Greek literature. Greenwood Publishing group. pp. 216–217. ISBN 9780313308130.http://books.google.com/books?id=Q-lr20SuvfIC&pg=PA216&lpg=PA216&source=bl&ots=J4SJ4rMix_&sig=46wTEoHh0uWQd-T20xlvf6oJjV4&hl=en&ei=g184SsrGM5PMtAPuurzZBA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=9. Retrieved 17 June 2009.
- ^ “In Memory of Deborah Laake”. Phoenix New Times. February 10, 2000.http://www.phoenixnewtimes.com/2000-02-10/news/in-memory-of-deborah-laake/1. Retrieved 2010-02-19.
- ^ John D. W. Guice, James J. Holmberg, and Jay H. Buckley, By His Own Hand? The Mysterious Death of Meriwether Lewis. University of Oklahoma Press, 2006.
- ^ Canby, Vincent (April 1, 1988). “Review/Film; Homage to Max Linder, Early French Film Comic”. The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1988/04/01/movies/review-film-homage-to-max-linder-early-french-film-comic.html. Retrieved 13 June 2009.
- ^ “BALTIMORE’S MAYOR COMMIT SUICIDE; Robert M. McLane, Married Two Weeks Ago, Shoots Himself”. The New York Times: p. 1. 1904-05-31.http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9A04E7DE113DE633A25752C3A9639C946597D6CF. Retrieved 2008-03-22.
- ^ “Antonin Moine” (in French). Encyclopedia Universalis.http://www.universalis.fr/encyclopedie/antonin-moine/. Retrieved 2010-02-19.
- ^ Nearing, Helen (June 29, 2000). “At The End Of A Good Life”. In Context. Context Institute.http://www.context.org/ICLIB/IC26/Nearing.htm. Retrieved February 10, 2010.
- ^ Rosendahl, Erik. “Departures and Homecomings: On Estonian Chess”. ChessCafe.com. pp. 6. http://www.chesscafe.com/text/skittles253.pdf. Retrieved 18 March 2010.
- ^ Colapinto, J (2004-06-03). “Gender Gap: What were the real reasons behind David Reimer’s suicide?”. Slate. http://slate.com/id/2101678/. Retrieved 2009-02-13.
- ^ Diario El Día (La Serena),”Científicos destacaron trayectoria de Astrónomo Robert Schommer”, January 4, 2002
- ^ “Hundreds At Rites For Actress Who Killed Self” The Los Angeles Times March 12, 1955
- ^ “Otto (August) Strandman”. Chancellery of the President of Estonia. 2006-10-04.http://www.president.ee/et/dokument.php?gid=81955. Retrieved 18 March 2010.
- ^ Sulbi, Raul (2008-07-09). “Avati riigivanem Strandmani mälestuskivi” (in Estonian). Postimees. http://www.postimees.ee/?id=19680. Retrieved 18 March 2010.
- ^ “SHOT HIMSELF”. Los Angeles Times. March 19, 1893. p. 16.http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/latimes/access/323038782.html?dids=323038782:323038782&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:AI&type=historic&date=Mar+19%2C+1893&author=&pub=Los+Angeles+Times&desc=SHOT+HIMSELF.&pqatl=google.
- ^ Douglas Brinkley (2005-09-08). “Football Season Is Over Dr. Hunter S. Thompson’s final note . . . Entering the no more fun zone”. Rolling Stone.http://www.rollingstone.com/news/story/7605448/football_season_is_over. Retrieved 2008-10-13.
- ^ Drury, Nevill (1985). “At Home with Giger”. Shadowzone #5.http://www.shadowplayzine.com/Interviews/giger.htm. Retrieved 2010-04-01.
- ^ “Boxer Edwin Valero found dead in jail”. Arizona Republic (Associated Press).http://www.azcentral.com/news/articles/2010/04/19/20100419boxer-found-dead-in-jail.html. Retrieved 19 April 2010.
- ^ “Dr. Vares”. Eesti Elu. http://www.eesti.ca/?op=article&articleid=23285. Retrieved 18 March 2010.
- ^ Erelt, Pekka (2006-02-02). “Surm Kadriorus” (in Estonian). Eesti Ekspress.http://paber.ekspress.ee/viewdoc/A7974892AB02EC54C225710700403146. Retrieved 18 March 2010.
- ^ Krull, Hasso. “Juhan Viiding”. Estonian Literature Information Centre.http://www.estlit.ee/?id=10897. Retrieved 18 March 2010.
- ^ Kruus, Oskar (2000-05-13). “Eesti kirjanikud lähevad pigem hulluks kui tapavad enda” (in Estonian). Ärileht. http://www.arileht.ee/artikkel/67076. Retrieved 18 March 2010.
- ^ Anahad O’Connor (2009-03-23). “Son of Sylvia Plath commits suicide”. New York Times.http://www.nytimes.com/2009/03/24/books/24plath.html?em. Retrieved 2009-03-23.
- ^ Grimes, William (2010). “Tobias Wong, Witty Designer and Conceptual Artist, Dies at 35″. New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/06/03/arts/design/03wong.html. Retrieved 2010-06-03. “”(wiki links)