Never take life seriously. Nobody gets out alive anyway.

Archive for 2011

Bollywood loses Shammi Kapoor

Asnooty, rich lad is stranded in a blizzard with a flawless beauty in the wilderness of Kashmir. The long night and an icy wind wheezing outside the log cabin bring them closer. Hours later, as they ran across the sunny, snow covered valley, he is a changed young man, having discovered what he missed in life – a typical concoction of the Bollywood dream factory where reality has no place. But what audiences in countless theatres could never know was the risk our man was taking in the unforgiving world of show business. He was about to create one of the most enduring images of Hindi movies.In an age where heroes stood out for their gravitas, good looks, smouldering intensity and sartorial splendour, Shammi Kapoor emerged as the Yahoo man. ‘Junglee’ (1962) not only pulled Shammi out of the shadows of a formidable elder brother, it also marked the birth of India’s first youth icon on the silver screen.

The Yahoo man (79) died of renal failure at 5.15 am on Sunday at Breach Candy hospital, leaving behind his wife Neeladevi, son Aditya Raj and daughter Kanchan Desai. It marks the end of a generation, the demise of a life style. “No youngster can ever step into his shoes,” said Saira Banu, the lady in the log cabin. “The flamboyance and joi de verve of the industry (is) lost,” tweeted Amitabh Bachchan.

Prithviraj Kapoor’s second-born always wanted to be an aeronautical engineer, and when the 22-year-old made his debut in the film industry, it was far from a dream. Despite being paired with the leading ladies of the time, he admitted to having spent the first five years of his career crying, with every film failing at the box office.

The tide changed with Nasir Hussain’s ‘Tumsa Nahin Dekha’ in 1957. Here too, destiny played its part: Dev Anand, the urbane, stylish hero was the natural choice for writer-director Hussain, having worked with him in movies like ‘Munimji’ and ‘Paying Guest’. But since Anand, then a top star, was hesitant to act with a newcomer, the film landed on Shammi’s lap. Indeed, working with newcomers – from Saira Banu to Sharmila Tagore – was to become one of Kapoor’s most acknowledged and applauded traits.

With Tumsaand Junglee, there was no looking back. Kapoor had found his groove and a new kind of flamboyance was sweeping across the industry. The trade called him “Shimming Shammi’, as the man took after his screen idols James Dean and Elvis Presley.

“The Hindi film industry will never see such an era again,” said writer, poet Javed Akhtar, echoing a sentiment of the Hindi film industry.

“When he is on screen it is very difficult to look at anyone else. He had a great sense of humour and a sense of rhythm, so important to the Hindi film industry. His contribution to the industry is quite considerable,” said Tagore, who acted with him in her debut Hindi film, Kashmir Ki Kali.

With the success of ‘Junglee’, Kapoor brought in the swinging sixties to Hindi film and along with it a host of hit songs numbers, which even today sells. “We had compiled a video of Shammiji’s hit songs and called it Yahoo, Shammi Kapoor, which did even better than some of his individual films on the home video and we even got corporate orders for the same,” says Hiren Gada.


Extra police quell riots in London but violence spreads elsewhere

Sharmila Devi

Aug 11, 2011 

LONDON // Political tempers began to fray yesterday amid finger-pointing over whether deprivation or criminality is to blame for rioting across England.

Thousands of extra police officers flooded into London on Tuesday and largely put an end to the violence.

They were joined by “vigilante” communities, from Bangladeshis to Sikhs, who turned out in their hundreds to protect their neighbourhoods and places of worship.

Attention switched to Manchester and Liverpool, where the violence spread on Tuesday night.

In Birmingham, police opened a murder inquiry into the deaths of three British Muslims who died after being hit by a car near a mosque.

Community leaders sought to defuse tension among British Asians after the apparent hit-and-run killings of brothers Shazad and Munir Hussein and Haroon Chohan.

They were among about 80 people who tried to protect local businesses on Tuesday night.

Jahan Chohan, Haroon’s father, spoke of forgiveness. “I don’t blame the government, I don’t blame the police, I don’t blame nobody,” he told The Guardian.

“I’m a Muslim, I believe in divine fate and destiny, and it was his destiny and his fate, and now he’s gone. And may Allah forgive him and bless him.”

Unlike recent unrest in Greece or the Arab world, the British rioters appeared to have no political message. Most seem to be young males from poorer neighbourhoods.

Ahead of an emergency parliamentary debate today, prime minister David Cameron said his government had started a “fightback” against the rioters.

“For me, the root cause of this mindless selfishness is the same thing I have spoken about for years,” he said. “It is a complete lack of responsibility in parts of our society.”

But the Conservative leader sidestepped a call from London mayor Boris Johnson, who agreed with his party leader that Britain is “broken” but said police budget cuts across the country should be abandoned.

“Mayors and local authorities always want more money,” said Mr Cameron. “It is the government’s job to give them what they need.”

He added that police were authorised to use rubber bullets and water cannons, which have never been used for riot control, would be made available at 24 hours’ notice.

“Phony human-rights” issues will not stop the police publishing CCTV pictures of looters, said Mr Cameron. Police have arrested more than 750 people in London and 500 others across the country since the unrest began on Saturday.

It kicked off following a protest against the police shooting dead Mark Duggan, 29.

All three main political parties have largely blamed criminality for the unrest, in which youths of all races looted shops, burnt property and attacked police.

But in a sign of the political fallout yet to come, two opposing lawmakers had a fierce argument over whether public sector cuts had any role in the unrest.

“There will be discussions about underlying causes. I don’t agree with Cameron when he says it is simple. It is not. It is very complex,” Harriet Harman, a leading member of the opposition Labour party, said on BBC’s Newsnight. “Harriet, do you think there are people breaking into Currys [electrical stores] to steal plasma TV screens and breaking into Foot Locker [sports stores] to steal box-fresh trainers who are protesting against tuition fees,” retorted Michael Gove, Conservative education secretary.

Ordinary Londoners, sometimes rallied by the same social media used by rioters to congregate en masse, have started to clean up and protect their neighbourhoods.

A crowd of about 1,500 mostly British Bangladeshis and Somalis gathered outside the East London Mosque after a mob gathered to loot shops in the area on Monday night. “There’s a real sense of community here, especially during Ramadan when people are supposed to look out for each other,” Abdul Jalil, a local shop manager, told The Independent newspaper.

Sikhs in Southall, west London, and Turks in Dalston, north London, were also out on the streets to protect their shops and property.

There were warnings against vigilantism however, as members of far-right, anti-immigrant groups such as the English Defence League also assembled, ostensibly in defence against looters. Mr Johnson said while people were entitled to defend their neighbourhoods, he was against the participation of groups that targeted other communities.

 

As Riots Expand, London Asks, “How Could This Happen?

London woke this morning to the news that the city had been spared for the most part from a fourth night of riots and looting, but that the troubles had spread across England to Manchester Birmingham, Nottingham, and—for Pete’s sake—the cathedral city of Gloucester. Four people have lost their lives and hundreds have been injured. The damage has yet to be assessed, but it is already clear that the riots, which were sparked by the shooting of a suspect by police in North London last week, have delivered a deep psychic shock to the nation that will host the Olympics next year.

Like everyone I know, I find it hard to explain why this sudden catastrophic breakdown happened. Crime figures have been on a steady downward trend for the last 15 years, and on the whole, people of widely different backgrounds seem to rub along pretty well in Britain’s big conurbations. If I had been asked to write about Britain for a foreign audience last week, I would have stressed, among other things, the nation’s basic values of tolerance, liberty, and justice, its fair record of integration, as well as a healthy national discourse. Yes, we had social problems with teenage gangs and a hopeless underclass, but nothing that led you to believe we were on the edge of this kind of mayhem.

On Monday, my local corner shop, run by a Sri Lankan man I have known for years, was looted. This became the rule rather than the exception that evening. The two-starred Michelin restaurant—the Ledbury, in Notting Hill—which is a few hundred yards from my home, was attacked by masked and hooded rioters with baseball bats. They told diners to get on the floor and hand over wallets, wedding rings, and phones. Halfway through the raid, the kitchen staff, led by the Australian chef Brett Graham, repelled the raiders with knives, rolling pins, and anything else that came to hand.

Londoners are no longer taking this lying down. In North London, Turkish and Indian shopkeepers formed a defensive line against the looters. In Clapham, South London, homeowners organized to protect their houses from the riot that ripped through the shopping district near Clapham Junction train station. And in Ealing, in West London, hundreds answered a call on Twitter (#riotcleanup) to clean up the mess left on Tuesday morning. In the absence of police, vigilante groups have sprung up and people are making citizen’s arrests, like the presenter of television history shows, Dan Snow, who tackled and sat on a looter in Notting Hill until the police took him away.

These signs are mildly encouraging, but I found myself staring at today’s newspapers profoundly shocked and completely lost for an explanation. How could this happen in our country? Where did the aggression and reckless disregard for people’s safety come from? And how the hell did the politicians and police let one local disturbance spread across the country?

A procession of sociologists, crime specialists, police officers, politicians, and commentators has appeared on the BBC shows Today and Newsnight, but they are struggling to make sense of it all. They repeat their particular obsessions about the lack of values, unemployment, or the government’s austerity measures, but eventually they all run out of words. They are silenced: we all are, because the events of the last five days confound the usual formulae.

You see, we thought we knew and understood our society, but it turns out that Britain has been seething with envy and has produced a heartlessness that are both really tough to acknowledge. As BBC TV news showed CCTV pictures of a young man, who had been injured in the face, being robbed by two larger men pretending to help him, I thought of the delinquent gangs in Anthony Burgess’s dystopian novel A Clockwork Orange, a book I always thought was a little far-fetched. Looking at the kids on the street and hearing what they had to say from behind their masks to the TV cameras, I realized that his vision may, if anything, have underplayed the neuropathic lacks of reason and feeling.

The really worrying point is this—it wasn’t just the un-lettered, unemployable members of the underclass who rioted this week. Among those who made court appearances yesterday were a university graduate, an army recruit, a graphic designer, a youth worker, and a forklift driver, all of them with either a job or prospects. I have no idea why these people rioted and looted, and I am not sure they will fully understand their actions, either, but I do know that if it can happen here, it can happen in other countries too. Envy is globalized. All that is necessary for a rampage to be coordinated on Twitter, or by Blackberry’s BBM messaging service, is for an angry group of people on the street to test authority and find it wanting. Perhaps it is not more complicated than this—the British rioted because they could.

 

 

Labour targets police cuts after riots

The opposition is focusing its criticisms of the government on plans to cut police budgets by 20%, after four nights of violence across England.

Ministerial sources have admitted that plans to slash spending on policing need rethinking, the Guardian reported.

One senior coalition figure told the newspaper: “It is manifestly the case that we need police numbers and effective deployment of officers that generates public confidence.

“There is still a vital need for reform and chief constables cannot wriggle off their responsibilities on spending effectively.”

Downing Street and the Home Office are continuing to deny any plans to reverse cuts to police budgets, however.

“It’s time the government realised the dangers of their cuts and re-opened the police spending review immediately,” shadow home secretary Yvette Cooper said.

“The public need reassurance that the police have the resources and officers they need to keep the streets safe and maintain law and order not only now but through the summer and beyond.

“The scale of government cuts is making it harder for the police to do their jobs and keep us safe. The police need our support and our government should be first to provide it.”

Deputy prime minister Nick Clegg refused to acknowledge that the riots meant the government had to change course on its deficit reduction agenda, however.

“Of course this is a massive challenge and it is incredibly unsettling for people,” he told the Today programme.

“But… I don’t think it actually would help any of us if what we do in reaction to that is say, ‘OK, we’re going to stop the difficult job that we’re doing as a country and as a government to wipe the slate clean for future generations’.

“That isn’t a recipe of success for the long term, and what we’re trying to do as a government is, yes, take difficult decisions today for the long term benefit of future generations in years to come.”

Labour’s decision to focus its political attack on police cuts is a change of tone from the less successful approach trialled by the party’s deputy leader, Harriet Harman, on Newsnight earlier this week.

She claimed that the riots took place because politicians are “out of touch”, prompting education secretary Michael Gove to accuse her of “speaking out of both sides of her mouth”.


Netaji’s driver claims he can’t have died in plane crash

NetajiSubhashBoseWhile a number of books were published on Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose and committee and commissions set up to solve his mystery, a living witness and close companion of Netaji was never contacted by anyone.

Nizamuddin, a 107-year-old man who claims to be the driver of Netaji in Azad Hind Fauj (AHF), lives in Islampura, Bilariyaganj, in Azamgarh district. He claims to have spent four years with Netaji after joining the AHF in 1942. The TOI team also visited him sometime back. Recently the volunteers of a local organisation also went to his place to honour him.

Nizamuddin was also sure that Netaji was not killed in the plane crash in 1945. “How can it be possible when I had dropped him by the car on the banks of Sitangpur river near the boarder of Burma and Thailand about three-four months after the incident of plane crash?” he wondered. He has no idea what happened after he dropped Bose on the riverbank. He said that he insisted to accompany Netaji, but he was commanded to return with a promise of meeting again in Independent India.

But, he recalled his meeting with Swami, a close associate of Netaji, over 10 years ago. Swami was in regular touch with Netaji. According to the repatriation certificate issued in favour of Nizamuddin, Swami (full name SV Swami) was the chairman of the Relief and Repatriation Council, Ex Azad Hind Fauj and Allied Organisation, Rangoon. It was the only document Nizamuddin has with him that shows his association with AHF.

In 1969, he returned to India with his family and settled at his ancestral house in Dhakwa village. Later, he shifted to Islampura.


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bio data of Miss Mamata Banerjee-hon’ble Chief Minister of West Bengal

bio data of Miss Mamata Banerjee-hon'ble Chief Minister of West Bengal


E-mail settings Outlook

 

Basically there are two ways to send and receive e-mail messages: with an e-mail application or web based with an internet browser like the Internet Explorer or Firefox (download: www.firefox.org). Most web based solutions are straight forward and easy in use (and available wherever you are able to browse the internet because your mail are stored on the server of the e-mail provider). With an e-mail application your send and received e-mail are stored on your computer. Therefore you need an e-mail application like Windows Mail(Windows Vista build-in), Outlook (part of MS Office) or Outlook Express (Windows XP build-in). This page describes the different settings of the e-mail applications Outlook.

E-mail settings Outlook

Setting up Outlook is not that much different from the Outlook Express procedure. From your e-mail provider you probably received the settings like e-mail address, POP3 and SMTP server, user account and password. Most times, this is all the information you need. In Outlook you click Tools, E-mail Accounts in the toolbar followed by the option Add a new e-mail account and a wizard appears to setup the account.


In the appearing wizard you first have to select the type of e-mail server, most times POP3 (HTTP for Hotmail accounts). In the next screen you enter your name, followed with your e-mail address (enter your e-mail address correctly, else nobody will be able to reply your e-mail!). You also have to enter the POP3 andSMTP server (provided by your provider). The POP3 server is the incoming mail server of the e-mail provider, while the SMTP server is the outgoing mail server (most times you have to use the SMTP server of your internet provider (probably the same as your e-mail provider)). Furthermore you need to provide theLogon Information: the username and password, provided by your e-mail provider.

By clicking More Settings you are able to change some properties. On the first tab you are able to change the name (as identification for yourself) and if needed changing the default port numbers on the tabAdvanced. On the bottom of this tab your are able to leave a copy of the messages on the server for a certain amount of time. This can be interesting if you would like to download your e-mail on more then one computer!

ATTENTION: In combination with Windows Vista, Outlook XP/2002 (and older) is not able to remember the passwords. An upgrade to Outlook 2003 is necessary to solve this problem.

Changing default Outlook settings

The default Outlook settings aren’t always that comfortable, I prefer to change some of them:

  • Use Folder List instead of Outlook BarView, enable Folder List, View, disable Outlook Bar.

  • Start Inbox by default: Tools, Options, tab Other, button Advanced Options, change the combo box in Inbox.

  • Opening e-mail of your own choice?: Tools, Options, tab Preferences, button E-mail Options, change combo box to return to the Inbox.

  • Closing e-mail on reply or forward?: Tools, Options, tab Preferences, button E-mail Options, enableClose original message on reply or forward.

  • Not indenting when replying (prevent placing a tab before the replied e-mail): Tools, Options, tabPreferences, change first combo box (When replying to a message) to Include original message text.

  • Disable auto archiving (moving old e-mail out of the current database): Tools, Options, tab Other, button AutoArchive, disable Run AutoArchive ever xx days.

  • Disabling Instant Messaging (this option delays the time to startup Outlook): Tools, Options, tab Other, disable Enable Instant Messaging in Microsoft Outlook.

  • Automatically empty Deleted Items?: Tools, Options, tab Other, enable Empty the Deleted Items folder upon exiting.

  • Check spelling?: Tools, Options, tab Spelling, enable Always check spelling before sending.

  • Not using Word as e-mail editor: Tools, Options, tab Mail Format, disable Use Microsoft Word to edit e-mail messages.

  • Not all accounts need to check mail (if e-mail is forwarded to another e-mail address)?: Tools, Options, tab Mail Setup, button Send/Receive, button Edit the specific forwarded e-mail account.

  • Compacting existing PST database files: Tools, Options, tab Mail Setup, button Data Files, select PST file, button Settings, button Compact Now.

  • Add Saturday and Sunday in the calendar view: Tools, Options, tab Preferences, button Calendar Options, enable Saturday and Sunday.

MINIMZING OUTLOOK TO THE SYSTEM TRAY

With a simple tweak you are able to minimize Outlook to the system tray on the right of your taskbar. This is done with the registry editor by creating the DWORD-value MinToTray with value 1in the key HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\ Microsoft\Office\xx.0\Outlook\Preferences.

OPENING `UNSECURE` FILES IN OUTLOOK

For Outlook there is no work around for the secured attachments, like Outlook Express has. You need to make changes in the registry to disable (partly) the security options. Navigate to the keyHKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\ Microsoft\Office\11.0\Outlook\Security (9.0 for Outlook 2000SP3, 10.0 for Outlook 2002/XP). Add the String Value Level1Remove. Change the value with the allowed file extensions, separated with the ;-sign (example: exe;com).

Actually I advice to use the add-in called Outlook Attachment Options (download:www.slovaktech.com). After installing this add-in, it is available in Outlook by Extra, Options, tabOutlook Attachment Options. By choosing the allowed extensions and restarting Outlook, you can temporary change the settings! With this add-in, you are also able to minimize Outlook to the system tray, as described above.

THE AUTO COMPLETE LIST

As soon as the first letter of a name is pressed into the To field of a e-mail message, Outlook shows the previously used e-mail addresses in a drop-down menu. Not everybody likes thisAutoComplete feature, because it shows the wrongfully spelled and no longer valid e-mail addresses as well. Many don’t know that it is very easy to delete those e-mail addresses using theDEL key after the e-mail address has been selected into the drop-down list! Besides that, it is also possible to copy the AutoComplete list to another PC or user account. Close Outlook and copy the file Outlook.NK2 using the Windows Explorer to the new location. Windows XP stores this file in the folder C:\Documents and Settings\login name\Application Data\Microsoft\Outlook, Windows Vista uses the folder C:\Users\login name\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Outlook.

Would you rather disable the AutoComplete list? Go to ToolsOptions, tab Preferences, buttonE-mail options, button Advanced e-mail options and deactivate the option Suggest names while completing To, Cc, and Bcc fields.

Changing database location Outlook

When a data partition is used to separate the personal files from the system files (to create an image of the Windows partition), move the Outlook database as well (by default these files are hidden). For more information visit the page about moving the personal files (including the contacts) to a data partition.

Outlook stores the complete archive (OUTLOOK.PST file (ARCHIVE.PST for the older e-mail)) in the following folder:
XP: C:\Documents and Settings\login name\Application Data\Microsoft\Outlook or
Vista: C:\Users\login name\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Outlook\

NOTE: Normally these files are hidden in the Windows Explorer! To unhide: Tools, Folder Options, tabView, enable Display the content of system folders, enable Show hidden files and folders, disableHide extensions for known file types and disable Hide protected operating system files. If you are not able to find the files, you can always use the Windows search function to find these files (Start, Search, “OUTLOOK.PST”).

By a simple cut and paste action from the OUTLOOK.PST file to a new location (example: D:\DATA\MAIL (use the Windows Explorer to create this folder)), you are able to change the current archive location! (By replacing the OUTLOOK.PST you are able to switch between archives!) After the start of Outlook, you receive a database error because the missing OUTLOOK.PST file. Navigate to the new location and restartOutlook again, and the new location has been set.

TIP: Learn more about recovering deleted e-mail in Outlook using the free tool SCANPST.

Deleting double items

Sometimes, a synchronisation with a PDA or MDA can go wrong, resulting in double items (e-mail, appointments, contacts, tasks and notes). Those double items in the Outlook archive can be found and removed easily with free tools like Outlook Duplicate Items Remover (download: www.vaita.com/odir.asp) and Outlook Duplicates Remover (download: www.slipstick.com/addins/mail_duplicates.asp, at the bottom of the list). Before using tools like these, it’s wise to copy the file OUTLOOK.PST to create a back-up, before making irreversible changes!

Outlook Duplicate Items Remover
ODIR is available by the Outlook menu bar. Each folder has to be searched separately, which is time consuming in case of the existence of many sub folders. If ODIR finds duplicate items located on different locations, one of them is moved to the folder ODIR_duplicate items (the items stored in this folder have to be deleted manually). If there are a lot of e-mail, searching for duplicate items can be time consuming!

Outlook Duplicates Remover
After the installation of ODR, it is available by the Start Menu, All programs, Holy Spirit, Southsea (it is ‘prayerware’…) Before starting the scanning for duplicate items, it wise to change the selection criteria. Be aware that ODR doesn’t back-up the deleted double items!

SOLVING ADDRESS BOOK PROBLEM

Probably you will have a problem with the Outlook Address Book, especially if you overwrite theOUTLOOK.PST file with the archive from you previous Windows XP installation (Tools, Address Book). To solve this problem, right click the Contact icon the folder view on the left pane (if the different archive folders are not visible, enable this by View, Folder List) and select Properties, tab Outlook Address Book and enable the option Show this folder as an e-mail Address Book(if you feel the need to you can change the address book name). The next step in Outlook isTools, Address Book, and in the new appearing window Tools, Options, and change the two combo boxes and in the lower pain remove the upper address book referrer.

DISABLE OUTLOOK ARCHIVING

I advise to disable the auto archiving option. This option is enabled by default, which will move old e-mail to the ARCHIVE.PST file. This way, they are no longer visible, and very difficult to find. Disable this option by Tools, Options, tab Other, button AutoArchive. (changing the default location to a safe location (example D:\DATA\MAIL) is also possible here). If you already have an ARCHIVE.PSTfile with old e-mail and would like to import them to your current OUTLOOK.PST file, you can import those by File, Import and Export, Import from another program of file, Personal Folder File (.pst) and Browse to the PST-file.

SENDING AN ENCRYPTED ATTACHMENT

If you would like to send sensitive files as an attachment in your email, you probably would like to encrypt it first to make sure the information is secured. This can be done with the free tool AxCrypt(download: www.axantum.com/AxCrypt). In a few clicks you can create an encrypted file which can be send safely as an attachment by email. The recipient only requires the key to decode the send file. Of course, this tool is also very useful to send big sensitive files with a site likehttp://free.mailbigfile.com.

Removing duplicate items

After changes in the system or synchronization problems, it is not rare that duplicate Outlook-items occur (like e-mail messages, contacts, appointments, task and notes). Those duplicate items in the Outlook archive can be found and removed easily with the free tools Outlook Duplicate Items Remover(download: www.vaita.com/odir.asp) and Outlook Duplicates Remover (download:www.slipstick.com/addins/mail_duplicates.asp, at the bottom). Before using one of those tools, it is wise to backup the OUTLOOK.PST file: you never know!

Outlook Duplicate Items Remover
After installation of ODIR, the tool is available by the Outlook menu bar. Every folder has to searched separately, which makes it hard to verify multiple folders. When ODIR finds an item on different locations, one of them is moved to the folder ODIR_duplicate items. The items stored in this folder have to be deleted manually. When a lot of e-mail is stored in the Outlook archive, searching for duplicate items can take some time…

Outlook Duplicates Remover
After installation of ODR, the tool is available by the start menu, All programs, Holy Spirit, Southsea (it is ‘prayer ware’…). Refine the selection criteria before scanning for duplicate items. Be aware that ODR does not backup the deleted duplicates! By the way, the development of Outlook Duplicates Remover has been stopped.

Addons for Outlook

Xobni helps organizing a flooded inbox
If the messages in the Inbox and Send items are not archived properly, then in time it will become hard to trace earlier send and received e-mail. Do you recognize this problem, try the free plugin Xobni (download:www.xobni.com, suitable for Outlook 2003 and higher). After the installation of this plugin, all send and received e-mail (at first only the past 6 months) are indexed. During the indexation, Xobni will connect all send and received e-mail to the specific contact. Besides this indexation, the other contacts in the TO and CC field are indexed as well to show their contacts if needed. Based on the indexed e-mal, extensive statistics can be shown about the e-mail behavior of the contacts. For example, this information shows the specific time a contact is processing his/here e-mail. If possible, Xobni also displays the found telephone numbers of the contacts. Because this information is derived from the received e-mail, this information is not always correct. (fortunately, the source is shown as well with a mouse over).

Within Windows XP, the Xobni archive is stored in the folder C:\Documents and Settings\login name\Local Settings\Application Data\Xobni\Outlook\ while Windows Vista uses the folderC:\Users\login name\AppData\Local\Xobni\Outlook\.

RSS in Outook
Although RSS is only supported since Outlook 2007 versions, with the plug-in NewsGator Inbox(download: www.newsgator.com/Individuals/NewsGatorInbox) it is also possible to read RSS feeds within the older versions of Outlook. This free plug-in creates an additional PST archive file to store the RSS feeds. The first time Outlook opens after the installation of the plug-in, it asks for a login, which is not necessary for using NewsGator Inbox. Be aware that using the plug-in will result in a slow down the starting and closing of Outlook.

Synchronizing the Outlook calendar
Would it be useful to view your Outlook appointments online using any computer! This can be done with the synchronization tool Google Calendar Sync (download: www.google.com/support/calendar/bin/answer.py?answer=89955). Because the Outlook appointments are synchronized with the Google Calendar, changes to the online calendar will be added to the Outlook archive as well (in case of 2-way synchronization).

Not able to save the password

In some cases Outlook doesn’t save your password, even if you enable the option to save the password. This error is caused by a malfunctioning of the Protected Storage Space from Windows. To solve this problem, run the registry editor and navigate to the keyHKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Protected Storage System Provider. You will find a key with a long name starting with S-1-5-21 which you have to delete (probably it’s safe to create a back-up of this key by File, Export). In most cases the problem is solved and next time the passwords will be saved. Be carefulby doing this you will lose all stored passwords. Read the back-up page how to recover these passwords.

If this doesn’t solve the password issue (or if it’s not possible to delete the key), there is probably a problem with the permissions of your user account. Select the key Protected Storage System Provider, right click on it and select Permissions, button Advanced. Make sure that your user account has Full Control for this key and sub keys. Activate the option Reset permissions on all child objects and enable propagation of inheritable permissions, click OK and repeat the earlier mentioned procedure. If needed, check the Microsoft KB files (http://support.microsoft.com/kb/290684). Here you will find more information how to reset the protected storage system provider.

Opening hyperlinks doesn’t work and other problems

Frequently people ask me how to fix the issue with hyperlinks in an e-mail message which won’t open anymore (and other strange problems). Most of the time this is caused by the  registry of the DLL files. You can fix this by using the following commands in Start, Run:

regsvr32 urlmon.dll
regsvr32 shdocvw.dll
regsvr32 actxprxy.dll
regsvr32 oleaut32.dll
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Durga puja

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One of the most grand and most awaited festivals of the natives of Bengal – Durga Puja Kolkata. Know by different names such as Akalbodhan Vijaya Dashami and Dashain. the festival is also popular in Bangladesh and Nepal other than India and besides Durga Puja in Kolkata. The festive season commemorates the eternal powers of Goddess Durga. It is believed that even the mighty and great Lord Rama invoked blessings of Maa Durga before going for the battle against Asura Raja Ravana. Earlier it was very famous as Durga Puja Calcutta. Kolkata Durga Puja 2011 is on 25th September, Durga Puja 2011 Dates. Goswami Bari – Gopal Nagar Kolkata Durga puja with its ritualistic cultural and other dimensions , have been a topic of my passion since childhood . As a kid I used to sculpt tiny clay images of Durga for worship in my home . In my high school days ,with my intensive efforts and amidst strong opposition ,that small plaything fledged into a full scale Durgotsav at my home . Even now it is me who sculpt the pratima and sit down at the puja . Our ambition is “back to the roots”. Our pratima is traditional bangla daaker saaj pratima . Evrything , including the saaj and the pata painting on the chalchitra is handmade in home . This year we celebrated our 9th year of puja . We stick to all the rituals meticulously and collect all items to be used in puja first hand . The list includes difficult items like waters of ocean , dew , all pilgrimages , Saraswati river . Clay from tip of boar and elephants tusks , from the courtyard of temple , kings palace and prostitute quarters etc . This requires meticulous planning and unbound enthusiasm all year round . My friends and their parents come forward to lend a hand and that is how we have been able to organise this labour intensive festival so peacefully . Today my parents and friends all participate actively in the festivities . The once tiny affair is now a proper puja . Since we believe in tradition and also care for its revival,our methods are also traditonal as far as possible . The construction of the pratima starts in home right after ‘kathamo puja’ in Rathayatra . The eyes are painted on Mahalaya . The ‘bodhan’ starts on Shashti morning . In evening maa is awakened through songs and bhajans . Thereafter the main puja begins from Saptami . On the Ashtami morning we hold an elaborate kumari puja . Sandhi puja , the confluence time of ashtami and navami is also celebrated as per the stiuplated time with much gusto . On navami the homa ritual takes place . Being of vaishnava descent we do not offer animals in sacrifice . All the bhoga offered to the goddess is completely vegetarian . On dashami , keeping in sync with the age old bengali traditions , Devi is offered a bhoga of ‘panta bhaat’ and ‘kochur saak’ . The final farewell through ‘boron’ starts in afternoon . After which the ladies participate in sindoor khela . After the immersion of the pratima in Ganges we return to our home for shantijal and then feast on ‘machh bhaat , dodhikarma and siddhi drinks ‘ . This way our much loved durgotsav comes to an end for one whole year. The plannings for the next begin immediately on that day itself ! And it is her auspicious agaman every year that keeps us joyous and happy all year round . Kalidas Mitra is termed to be the founder of Mitra Family. Pious in nature and religious minded, Members of Mitra Family started Durga Puja around1757 A.D. Subodh Chandra Mitra, renowned Attorney-at-Law, (26th generation) started Durga Puja in 1892 A.D. at his residence at 13, Paddapukur Road, Kolkata 700020 with pomp and grandeur. On demise of Subodh Chandra in 1926 A.D. the performance rested on his Sons Sukomal Chandra, Sunirmal Chandra and now on his Grandsons Sukhamoy Chandra, Sudhamoy Chandra and their Cousins (all in 28th generation). The entire Puja is handled with the directions laid down in Family Puthi (Script). On Ratha Jatra day Kathamo, the built-in frame for Pratima, is worshipped and then the Kumars (Artists) from Kumartuli come to build Images (Pratima) at the Mitra Barir Puja Mandap. The images of Mother Durga here is somewhat special and different. Only Two hands of Mother Durga is visible to people, the other Eight hands, smaller in size, are kept hidden by long Hairs. Thus Mother Durga appears to be “Dwibhuja” at Bhowanipore Mitra Family. It is known This is on account of a “Swapnadesh” (order through Dream) to someone in the Family who seems to have offered only Two Gold Bangles to Mother. The Mother again came in Dream and was cheerful and decided to be worshipped in Mitra Family in the said order and style. Here Lion is having its head which looks very close to Horse and painted all white with manes and moustache in black. Ganesh and Kartick wears Than, Dhuti and Chaddar made of Cotton. Lakshmi and Saraswati do not come with their Bahans (Carriers) but instead stands on Lotus Flowers. After the decoration is completed by the Kumars (Artists), the Dieties are further individually decorated with Gold and Silver Ornaments, Weapons, Instruments etc meant and preserved for them by the Family. In olden days Puja used to start from Pratipad but at present from Panchami day. The Bodhan is held at Thakurghar, the Pratima Puja is celebrated at Puja Mandap. This grants access to Public to watch, Worship and offer Prayers. With start of Puja on Saptami morning, the Member of the Family in whose name Puja is conducted (Sankalpa) authorises Purohit to perform worshipping, on his behalf. He has to remain in fast for the whole day till end of Aarati in Evening and can take only Bhog offered to Diety. Previously Sankalpa was conducted in the name of Supriyo (29th generation) but for past few years in the name of Suprit and now of Subrit Mitra (both in 30th generation). On Saptami morning Kalabau is taken for holy Bath, on the Mandap itself (instead of at Ganga Ghat like other family Pujas, as being considered as Family Daughter-in-law and cannot go for outside bathing), with various Ingredients, Perfumes etc and Sacred Waters collected from various Rivers of India. After a Befitting Dress, Ornaments etc she is attached to the Pratima, next to Ganesh for worshipping. Like Kalabau, Griha Lakshmi is placed close to the Pratima for daily worshipping. With the start of Puja a big Earthen Lamp is lit with Ghee made of Cow-Milk, and kept inside a large Earthen Vessel. This Lamp is kept non-stop burning till the end of Puja on Dasami. On Dasami the Earthen Vessel is filled with Ganges Water mixed with Termuric and placed in front of Pratima in such a position, it helps to reflect the Body of Mother Durga, from Face to Toe, to indicate the complete Immersion of the Image worshipped. Mantras specially meant for the occasion are chanted while this process of immersion continues. Offering of 1008 nos. of Billapatra absolutely Clean, Clear, Untorn and Spotless are made in Homagni from Saptami to Navami days at the Jogyakundu. The log of Wood is kept burning during the specified period under vigilant watch. Being non-Brahmins, the Mitras don’t have Annabhog to offer in the Morning but instead a ‘Sital’ (which includes Luchi, Vegetables fried in Ghee, Curd and Sweets) is offered in the Evenings on the Puja days. Worshipping Kumari Puja on Aastami and Sadhaba Puja on Navami are performed by the Women folks of the Family. Sandhi Puja, a ‘must’ Puja is performed at the juncture of Astami and Navami, within limited period for 48 minutes. Various articles for use of Mother Durga, including Sari, Bangles, Perfumes, Utensils, Beddings Naibedya (with all kinds of Fruits and Sweets etc) are offered on this occasion. A set of 108 Oil Lamps (in Earthen Pots) are lit at the time of this Puja. Also offering and worshiping with 108 Padma (Lotus) Flowers is a must. In earlier days Buffaloes and Goats were slaughtered in front of Mother Durga in the Courtyard and offered to Her as Puja. This process has been discarded in 1924 A.D. with change of time. However the items continues with cutting of Akkh, Coconut and Chalkumra. On Dasami with chanting of Mantras Aparajita Creeper is tied on the Hands of all Dieties and then to all Members of the Family from Old to Newborn, Male and Female. On evening of Dasami after different Rituals and Sindur Khela by the Women folks of the Family, Pratima is carried to Ganges River for actual immersion. The Frame is taken back Home and kept reserved for use in next year. 1 comments Email This BlogThis! Share to Twitter Share to Facebook Share to Google Buzz Labels: Bhowanipore Mitra Family, durga puja, Durga puja 2011, Durgapuja 2011 Chetla Agroni Club – ‘Mayer Kolaye Jonmo Amar’ Durga Puja is all about celebration the victory of ‘Shakti’, good over the ‘evil’, Maa Durga over Mahishasura and that’s what Durga Puja means to all. It is the time for sharing delightful moments with your family and friends. City of joy is almost charged up 24*7 during the four auspicious days of puja. Wearing new attires, sitting for long ‘adda’ sessions, going for pandal hopping, having yummy food- they are perhaps the essence of puja. It is the greatest festival celebrated to give rise to a universal brotherhood. The journey of 17 years is not much, but within these few years, Chetla Agroni Club of South Kolkata has made a special place in every ‘darshanarti’s’ heart. Year 2010 is supposedly a very significant year for this puja committee. So this year, they are coming up with a unique and beautiful theme where they say: “Matrijothor Theke Tomar Anchal, Dekhale Bhuban Khelar Chhale. Sneho Mamata Neiko Tulona, Tumi Amaar MAA” Portraying ‘MA’, where after we come out from her womb, she takes us in her ‘anchal’ with all her affection to protect us. From there our journey begins and she always shows us the world through the disguise of playing. Your gentleness, your care, your love is unparalleled; YOU ARE MY ‘MOTHER’! The greatest being on Earth! This master-mind behind this wonderful theme is none other than the maker Shri Subodh Roy. Since February 2010, he has been busy in conceptualizing the whole theme to give it a new shape. Artisans are now busy in giving their last and final touch to the idol. The overall decoration of the ‘pandal’ will be architected exclusively by resembling the way ‘how a baby is delivered from mother’s womb’. With the petals of Lotus the ‘pandal’ will be adorned and the roof will be kept open to get sunshine and create that natural effect. To create an illusion to the viewers, a source of laser light will be on the back of the goddess. This one of the special attractions of the puja, which the organizers think, will draw lots of crowd. Day of Inauguration: The puja will be inaugurated by our honorable Railway Minister Smt. Mamata Banerjee on Panchami, 12th October 2010. Social Engagement: Organizing blood donation camp, free eye check up and surgery, Thalassemia treatment for the poor and so on. Special involvement: Zee communication will be there in support of this Puja from all ends. Route guide: To be a part of this puja and reach the Chetla Agrani Club, take an auto from Rashbehari More. 2 comments Email This BlogThis! Share to Twitter Share to Facebook Share to Google Buzz Labels: Chetla Agroni Club, durga puja, durgapuja 2010, durgapuja 2010 maa durga Kumilah Sreerampore Dutta Barir Pujo ‘Kumilah Sreerampore Dutta Barir Pujo’ is celebrating its Golden Jubilee in 2010. Vikramjit Dutta and Avijit Dutta are the main initiator from Dutta Bari to celebrate Durgapuja after so many years. The elder generation stopped celebrating Durgapuja after 1970 due to some reasons. Hopefully in 2010 Kolkata will see all Duttas together from different parts of the world. They have invited all their family members staying outside Kolkata and abroad and are planning to have a gala time with their kith and kin. One of the main organizers Vikramjit Dutta said, “Since our forefathers came from Kumillah to settle in Kolkata, the entire family used to participate and celebrate Durga Puja together. However with time, as the family migrated to all parts of the world, the pujas were stopped in 1970. Last year me and my brother Avijit Dutta, have revived the spirit of the Dutta bari & taken the initiative to start the pujas again.” ”This year we are celebrating Durgapuja at Abhinandan, 50 moore avenue. Our extended family from all over the world is coming to be part of this celebration. We all are excited to meet after such a long time and enjoy the puja together. I hope everything will go fine and we will be able to embrace some memorable moment”, said Avijit Dutta, the elder member of Dutta Bari to durgapujaonline.com. Avijit wants to celebrate it with every Kolkatans. “I want all of you to come and enjoy with us. We are celebrating from shashti till Dashami. Please visit once and take Prasad with us”, senior dutta signs off. Complete Address and Location: Abhinandan, 50 moore avenue. Kolkata – 700040 0 comments Email This BlogThis! Share to Twitter Share to Facebook Share to Google Buzz Labels: Bonedi barir pujo, durgapuja 2010, Kolkata Durgapuja, Kumilah Sreerampore Dutta Barir Pujo, moore avenue Mohammad Ali Park – Crusade against Corruption Durga Puja, a five-day festival, which starts from the evening of Mahashasthi and ends at Dashami is the happiest moment for every Bengalee. It is the time to stay outdoors in colorful dresses and hopping from one pandal to the other. Md. Ali Park is one of the “Must-see” pendal. It’s a very popular pujo of North Kolkata. This year Md. Ali Park will come up with another magnificent form of pandal, under the banner of Youth Association. The pandal will be a replica of an Indonasian Pagoda. Rajlaxmi Decorators, Kolkata, have taken up the responsibility of decorating the pandal and its surrounding ambience. The interior decorations of the Pandal will be a treat to the eye of the viewer and an artistic delight. The venue features a simple illumination but the entire park area will be decked up with dazzling and colorful lightings. Venus Electric will take care of this illumination work. Youth Association was established in 1970. This is one of the prestigious clubs of North Kolkata. Their 40th anniversary celebration is around the corner. In the past few years Md. Ali park emerged with new thoughts and has generated tremendous interest in the viewers mind. This year the theme of Md. Ali park puja is: revolt against “CORRUPTION”. Corruption has always been a menace in India and the consequences are always devastating. It has devoured integrity and honesty in public life. From grass root level to the highest level of administrations …corruption exists everywhere. Durga Mata is known as the Goddess of Power. People worship Ma to invoke her blessings for materialistic gains such as positions of power and money. Others propitiate Ma to win control over negative feelings and materialistic desires. Besides, people in search of Moksha or salvation also worship Durga Ma with full sincerity. The Motto of this puja is to pray to Durga maa to demolish all the Asuras, who exist in our society, hidden behind various faces. Day/Date of Inauguration: On Chaturthi i.e. 11th October. It is expected that the inauguration will be done by Shri. Pranab Roy. Social & Cultural side: The club organizes blood donation camp. They donate books to needy Children and distribute free Medicine for needy people. How to go: Md. Ali Park is always very attractive puja pandal for the Kolkattan. To access this puja you need to go to Central Avenue. Nearest Metro Station is Central or Mahatma Gandhi Road. Key Persons: Shri. Hemchand Jain (President) / Shri. Vinod Sharma (Secretary) 3 comments Email This BlogThis! Share to Twitter Share to Facebook Share to Google Buzz Labels: 2010, durga puja, durgapuja, kolkata, live coverage, maa durga, Md. Ali Park, Mohammad Ali Park, photographs, videos Mallabhumer Mrinmoyee – A 1013 years old Saga Bishnupur has a glorious past that is reflected in its rich architecture, music and handicrafts such as pottery and weaving. Ruled by an uninterrupted line of Hindu Rajas of the Malla dynasty, Bishnupur developed a unique form of architecture and has perhaps the most brilliant and detailed terracotta work in Eastern India that has withstood the ravages of time. Among the later Hindu kings of Bengal, the Malla occupied a place of distinction not only for their military proficiency but also for their patronage to the development of distinctive styles of arts, architecture, sculpture, and music. Raghunath was crowned as the first king of Malla dynasty at Pradamnapur. To commemorate his ascending of throne, a new calendar, ‘Mallabda’ was started in 695 A.D. or 101 Bengali calendar. King Raghunath became known as Adi Malla and the land, he ruled came to be known as ‘Mallabhum’. It was in 994 A.D. King Jagat Malla shifted his capital from Pradamnapur to Bishnupur because of better geographical safeguard as Bishnupur lies surrounded by hilly terrain. The past fame graces the fragrance of Lalmaati (Red Soil). Even today the clanking of swords can be heard if you place your ear on the stone walls. Although Bishnupur is famous for its Terracotta tradition, yet it stands embracing tradition of the oldest Durga Puja of West Bengal, ranged about 1013 years. It was the time when this noted city was ruled by the Malla Kings with splendor. Mrinmoyee Mandir – Bishnupur Now, we can feel the changes everywhere…. In the atmosphere, the life style, and in the mind-set of people too. But no such changes have occurred in the rituals of offering puja in the mandir of Maa Mrinmoyee and even today the tradition is kept alive and unaltered as it was practiced during the supremacy of the royal Mallas. The piety of the forefathers of Malla dynasty and the deep reverence of the people of Bishnupur over this pujo remains unchanged. So, every year the pujo of Maa Mrinmoyee is being dedicated on following the universal spirit. Let’s come for a while to peep into the immemorial heritage of the royal kings of Mallas. Thinking about the permanent settlement in Bishnupur, King Jagat Malla established Mrinmoyee Mandir in 997 A.D. Myth says that Jagatmalla had a dream, where he was instructed by Maa mrimmoyee to make a mandir. That was the beginning of worshipping Maa Mrinmoyee. The idol is made of “Ganga Clay”. Today, the lineage of offering homage to maa Mrinmoyee is inherited by the 57th generation of the Malla dynasty Shri. Salil Singha Thakur, the younger son of Lt. Shri. Kalipada Singha Thakur. The Durgotsab in Mrinmoyee mandir commences with the setting up of Ghat (Clay Pot). The Faujdaari Community of Shakhari Bazaar used to make and design the pot for worshipping Maa Mrinmoyee . But a heart-rending story floats in the air of Bishnupur…. While making the pot one of the artisans died in an unknown cause. Since then, people of the Faujdaari Community do not dare to make Ghats for Malla Rajas. Therefore, the puja of Maa Mrinmoyee is done by wrapping cloth over the old ghat. A day after “Dwityaashtami” the festivity begins with the worship of “Baro thakurini”. The Grand Canon is used during Sandhdhikshan On the day of “Maan chaturthi” , “Mejo thakurini” comes under the makeup of “Kola Bou”. It is to be said that after observing the rituals of the puja , “Mejo thakurini” returns and on the auspicious day of Maha Saptami , she appears again along with “Chhoto Thakurani”. Then the gate opens for the general public to offer their puja. The hymns Durga stotra resound the mandir precinct. On the propitious moment of Maha Ashtami, thousands of devotees assemble in and around the mandir courtyard. Even foreigners come from different parts of the world and take part in the puja. The philharmonic essence fills the air and a pious mood is being created gradually. The youth of Mahadanda Community (Commonly known as ‘Madhod’) takes the Canon to the “Mochchha Hill”, just adjacent to the “Pathor Dorja”. Generation after generation, they fire the canon during the august moment of “Sandhikshan” (The time between Ashtami and Navami). They take temporary shelter in the mandir premises during the puja period….The time passed by………The moment arrives……… The flow of fire runs through the gun powder. Tremendous roar of the canon spreads all around. The “Boli” sets in motion. Obeying the law and order, the sacrifice of animal is prohibited in the present time. So, the vegetables are offered as sacrifice to the goddess. Almost every person of Bishnupur gets invitation on Navami puja. The humming of incantation buzzes around. Such constancy and devotion are rarely found as it is said that God can be found through constant and consistent pursuance of faith. The Bhog is made of Baadshah bhog Rice at the mandir of maa Mrinmoyee. From ‘Dwityaashtami’ to ‘Shashthi’, the khichuri rice is cooked. On Saptami, Ashtami and Navami, the plain rice is delivered with the variety of vegetables. At the night of Navami, the existing members of the royal malla perform ‘Mahamaarir Pujo’ praying to maa Mrinmoyee for the survival from the outbreak of epidemic. In this particular puja no public participation is being entertained. “It’s rather a family puja, only the kith and kin of the royal family and the priest can be present in the ‘Garvo griho’ of the mandir”, said Shri. Salil Singha Thakur. The bhog is prepared with 5 poaa (1.25 Kg) Baadshah bhog rice, 5 poaa Mug daal (Pulse), 5 poaa Pure ghee, green bananas and Sandhak Salt , which is distributed only among the members of the royal family and this bhog has to be taken before awaking of birds and beasts. All the puja ritual are being performed with deep devotion. It seems a remarkable moment for those who offer puja to maa mrinmoyee. On the day of Bijoy Dashami, maa takes stale rice. The people of “Nuley community” of Rautkhand village, 14 kms away from Bishnupur come to Raajbari with “Tyaskhan Pakhi” (Neelkantha Bird) and the local fishermen offer ‘curd’ and ‘Chang fish’ to the goddess . They free the Neelkantha bird to fly in the azure sky and put chang fish in the pot, consists of curd. It’s a proud moment for anyone who experiences the oldest puja of West Bengal. The ‘Vijay Jatra’ (victory procession) sets forth with huge amount of applause and courage. According to the primitive tradition of Rajbari, the immersion of the idol of maa mrinmoyee is forbidden. Consequently, flowers and leaves are being immersed in the nearby pond namely Ramshayor. To restore this oldest time honored puja of Bengal and its deep rooted culture, people of Bishnupur shower their blessings. In 1998, the Bishnupur Municipality donated Rs. 5000 to the Mandir fund. Last year, the amount has been increased to Rs. 15000. Shri. Salil Singha Thakur intimated that this year the budget will be Rs. 45000. Although it sounds very diminutive in term of budget, yet this puja has hold the tradition and royal emotions of the olden days. The local people believe, once Thakur Shri Shri Ramkrishna Paramhansa Dev visited here to see Maa Mrinmoyee. The mandir premises may not be decorated with theme oriented extravaganzas or with the eye flashing illumination. What exist here is the peace, true devotion and the proud feelings of people. 4 comments Email This BlogThis! Share to Twitter Share to Facebook Share to Google Buzz Labels: Bonedi Barir Puja, Century old durgapuja, Durga Puja 2010 Durgapuja, historical durga puja, maa mrinmoyee, Malla raja, Oldest Durga puja, Oldest durgapuja, Ramkrishna Paramhansa, west bengal Rupchand Mukherjee Lane – A Journey to Nostalgia Rupchand Mukherjee Lane Sarbojanin Durgotsab is proud to celebrate their oldest pujas of Kolkata this year. Celebrating their 64th jubilant year in 2010 will be an eye-opener to its visitors and ‘darshanartis’. The four festive days of Durgaotsab, by welcoming goddess Durga with rituals accompanying with ‘shuili’, ‘kaash’, ‘dhunuchi’, ‘dhak’, and conch shell is a great experience. ‘Shashthi’, ‘Shaptami’, ‘Ashtami’ and ‘Nabami’ are the best days for the Bengalis all through the year to celebrate utmost. History of Club/Puja: It has been exceptionally a long distance covered by the puja committee in the last six decades. A way back to 1971, Rupchand Mukherjee Lane Sarbojanin Durgotsab celebrated its 25th anniversary in a unique way when Kolkatans were just introduced to the trend of theme. The glorious image of the goddess Durga was made of sponge wood or pith, created by Shri. Ananta Malakar. Soon after that the creator surprised people with a brilliant image of Ma Durga, made out of bamboo, fiber glass and jute. As soon as the theme pujas became popular in Kolkata, the committee started adopting a traditional style in their puja. Theme 2010: This year Rupchand Mukherjee Lane Sarbojanin Durgotsab will leave you nostalgic. Shri. Pradip Dutta is the creator of the nostalgia, naming ‘FIRE DEKHA’ or ‘RESTROSPECTIVE’. By using various Puja Barshiki’s cover page he plans to live through experiences of Puja. It is basically a retrospective of last 60 years from many renowned cover of the Bengali Puja Barshikis, such as Anandabazar Patrika, Desh, Jugantar, Nabokollol etc, that evokes the ethos of Bengal. With this artwork the creator have incorporated some geometrical symbiosis that signifies discipline. About Club: Chief co-ordinator Mr.Soumik Kr. Mitra with his co-mates started coming up with innovative and creative ideas to make the Durgaotsab colorful and blissful for the masses. Idol: Shri.Nirmal Mallik is in charge of making idols for Rupchand Mukherjee Lane Sarbojanin Durgotsab. He is the finest of all the artists who has received Asian Paint Best Artist Award, Star Ananda Mega Star/Super Star, Snowchem, Finolex and so on. Last Year Award: West Bengal Pollution Control Board declared this puja “Second”; as they made a wonderful effort to give ‘pollution free’ Celebration.

 

Durga Puja in SILCHAR
Tarun ClubSonai Road, Silchar (Assam).Ananda ParishadTarapur, Near Fire Brigade. Silchar.

Rakhi Sangha 

Sonai Road, Near Rangarkhari Police Station, Silchar.

Jubilian Club

Sonai Road, Silchar.

Kali Mohon Road
Bus-Stand
Pratham Pally

Ambikapur Puspak
Ambikapur Purba Para
Paschim Ambikapur
College Tila
Shyamaprosad Road
Das Colony
Mitali Sangha Bilpar
Dakshin Bilpar
Rice Mill
Ananda Parishard
Subhash Nagar
Shashan Road
Tarun Shangha
Ambikapur Chowrangee
                                       Coming Soon…… more informat

LOCATION OF PUJA DARSHAN

 1.Tarapur, 

 2.Shillong Patty, 

 3.Jail Road, 

 4.Pram Tala, 

 5.Ambiga Patty,

 6.Bilpar, 

 7.Public H.S. Road. 

 8.Rangar Khari, 

 9.Sonai Road, 

10.National High Way,

11. Hailakandi Road.

12. Sadar Ghat.

13. Rangpur.
14. Hospital Road
15. Public School Road

 

 

Durga Puja in KARIMGANJ
Coming Soon……  
Durga Puja in HAILAKANDI

Tarun Sangha (Hailakandi)
Jubo SomitiComing
Soon……
 
Durga Puja in GUWAHATI
Coming Soon……  
Durga Puja in Nagaon  
Nagaon Bangali SAMILLION,Nagaon, Assam.Sankar Mishan Puja Samiti.Nagaon, Assam.

Nagaon Babsahi Puja Samiti.

Nagaon, Assam.

A.D.P Road Yova Samiti.

Nagaon, Assam.

Haibar gaow Bangali Puja Bari, Nagaon, Assam.Jyoti Flawar Mil, Nagaon, Assam.

Maa Kali Sangha, 

Nagaon, Assam.

Durga Puja in AGARTALA
Shantipara Aaikyatan Juba Santha 
Ram Thakur Sangha 
Shivnagar Modern Club & Amara Tarun Dal 
Flowers Club (Mathchowmohani) 
Lotus Club (CR Road- Shivnagar) 
Suktara Sangha 
Colonel Chowmuhani Yuva Sangstha
….
Haradhan Sangha 
Pole Star club 
Shanti Kami Sangha 
Red Lotus Club 
Netaji Play Forum 
Chatrabandhu Club
ming 
Durga Puja in KOLKATA
Baghbazar Sarbojanin Durgotsav Committee
78 Baghbazar Street, Kolkata 700003
Tel: +91-33-5555186, 5555305, 5555503
Sramapally Adhibashibrinda
6/13 C.I.T. Buildings (OLD)
Beleghata, Kolkata – 700010
Tel: +91-33-3503383
College Square Sarbojanin Durgotsab Committee
53 College Street, Kolkata 700073
Tel: +91-33-2417040
Chaltabagan Durga Puja Committee
77 Raja Ram Mohan Roy Sarani
Kolkata 700009
Tel: +91-33-3500396/9414/3917/1492

Sarbojanin Durgotsab Committee
Sandhani Club
P-3 C.I.T. Road, Scheme – XVI
Beleghata, Kolkata 700010
Tel: +91-33-3510325, 3510585

Sarbojanin Durgotsab Samity
10A Santosh Mitra Square
Kolkata – 700012
Tel: +91-33-2275201

Sarir Sangathan Samity
19 South Sealdah Road
Kolkata – 700015
Tel: +91-33-2449341, 2467292
Fax: +91-33-296533

Sealdah Railway Atheletic Club
83-J Kaiser Street, Kolkata – 700009
Tel: +91-33-3508690, 3521827

Sree Bhumi Sporting Club
198 Canal Street, Sree Bhumi, Kolkata – 700048
Tel: +91-33-5340002, 5344289

Vivekananda Sporting Club
101/C Vivekananda Road
Kolkata – 700006. Tel: +91-33-2191467

Yuba Brinda
5 Ultadanga Main Road
Kolkata – 700067
Tel: +91-33-3520217/2601/3176
Fax: +91-11-3512908

Bally Santi Sangha
25 Grand Trunk Road, Howrah – 711201
Tel: +91-33-6543132, 6541422, 6543863

Dhakuria Sarbojanin Durgotsav Committee
14 Bank Colony, 66 Babubagan Lane
Kolkata – 700031
Tel: +91-33-4727655, 4732720

 Ekdaliya Evergreen Club
3D, Ekdalia Road, Kolkata – 700019
Email:
EkdaliaEvergreenClub@yahoo.comMadhugarh Sabojanin DurgotsavEast Sinthee Road, Kolkata – 700030
Phone: 548-1481/2557

Mudiali Club Durga Puja
33, S.R. Das Road, Kolkata – 700 026

Ballygaunj Cultural Club
57, Jatin Das Road, Kolkata -700 029

Singhi Park Sarbojanin Durga Puja
3, Dover Lane, Kolkata – 700029

Babubagan Club Durga Puja
14, Babu Bagan Lane, Kolkata 700031

Selimpur Pally Durga Puja
39 Gariahat Road (South) Kolkata – 700031
Tele.No. 473-6554, 98310-722022

Golpark Sarbojanin Durga Puja
Golpark, Beside Golbari, 23/20/1 Gariahat Road, Kolkata – 700 029
Phone: 440-4517,463-6717

Laketown Adhibasibrindo Durgotsav
Children’s Park, Lake Town Link Road ,Kolkata -700089
Phone: 534-9743/4023

Park Circus Byayam Samity Tent
Park Circus Maidan,Kolkata – 17
Phone: 240-1793

Mallick Bari Sarbojanin Durgotsav
Bhawanipore ,Kolkata -700026

Hindustan Park Sarbojanin Durgotsav
51/1 Hindusthan Park Kolkata – 700029.

Shobhabazar Beniatola Sarbojanin Durgotsav
63 Beniatola Street, Kolkata – 5
Phone: 533-7007

Tarun Brindo Durga Puja
P-244B, Purna Das Road,Kolkata -700029
Phone: 466-6949/464-4625

Purbachal Durgotsav
Hindustan Park, Kolkata – 700005
Tele.No. 4643190,4646777.

Durga Puja in DELHI
AAI(IAD) Residential Complex
Mahilalpur
New Delhi – 110037
Contact:
Himanshu Dhar
Quarter no C-1/10/AAI Colony
Mahilalpur, New Delhi – 110037
Purvasha Durga Puja Samity
B-308 Anandlok Housing Society
Mayur Vihar Phase – I
Delhi – 110091, Tel: +91-11-2254705
Fax: +91-11-2257465
Durga Bari, Ashok Vihar
Plot No: C-1, Pocket – A
Phase – II, Ashok Vihar
Delhi – 110052
Tel: +91-11-7465349C.R. Park Durga Puja Samity
“Co-operative Ground”
K-2033 C.R. Park, New Delhi – 110019
Tel: +91-11-6413985, 6287480Chittaranjan Park Kali Mandir Society
New Delhi – 110019
Tel: +91-11-6416924
C.R. Park Durga Puja Samity“B-Block”
B-379 Chittaranjan Park
New Delhi – 110019
Mela Ground Durga Puja Samiti
D-687 Chittaranjan Park
New Delhi – 110019
Tel: +91-11-6462671

Sarbojanin Durga Puja Committee
(Hauz Khas & Adjoining Areas)
H-1 Hauz Khas, New Delhi – 110016
Tel: +91-11-6863289, 664142

Sabuj Sangha
479 Sector – IV, New Delhi – 110022
Tel: +91-11-6178249, 6185285

Saptarshi
D-712 C.R. Park, New Delhi – 110019
Tel: +91-11-6471753, 6427434

 

Durga Puja in HARYANA
DLF City Durga Puja and Bengali Cultural Society,
E-11/11, DLF City, Phase – I,
Gurgaon, Haryana, India, PIN  – 122002
www.banglarparampara.org Email- : info@banglarparampara.org
Durga Puja in MUMBAI
Kandivali East Bengali Association
BMC ground beside St.lawrence school,
Thakur complex
Kandivali (East), Mumbai.
 
DURGA PUJA ABROAD

Overseas Durga Puja Guide

 ATLANTA Atlanta Puja
215 Weatherwood CIR, Alpharetta
GA, 30004-3445, USA

India Cultural and Religious Center (ICRC)
1281 Cooper Lake Road
Smyrna, GA 30082, USA

Bengali Association of Madison & Bengali Cultural Society of Milwaukee

Location.. Temple Auditorium

Hindu Temple of Wisconsin

Pewaukee (near Milwaukee)

http://www.hindutemplewis.com  

Bezirksrathaus Bürgerzentrum

Köln-Chorweiler
Pariser Platz 1
50765 Köln-Chorweiler
Deutschland / Germany

http://durgapujacologne.de 

CONNECTICUT Associations of Indians in Connecticut
Rippowam Middle School
High Ridge Road
Stamford, CT 06095 , USA
(203) 977-4350


Bengali Association of Southern California
14900 La Mirada Blvd.
La Mirada, CA 90638-4752, USA

CALIFORNIA Prabasi
Performing Arts Center
Chabot College
25555 Hesperian Blvd.
Hayward, CA 94545, USA


Dakshini
Torrance Civic Center
Torrance, CA, USA


Sanskriti
Henry M. Gunn High School
780 Arastradero
Palo Alto, CA 94306-3827 , USA


Lynbrook High School

1280 Johnson Avenue
San Jose, USA

CHICAGO Bengali Association of greater Chicago
701 W. Schaumburg Road
Streamwood, IL 60107, USA

CHNDLER Valley Unitarian Universalist Church
1700 West Warner Road
Chandler AZ, USA

 COLORADO Edgewater Church
closest major intersection – Sheridan & 25th
Denver, Colorado, USA
Milonee

The First United Methodist Church
1500 Ford Street
Golden, CO, USA

DALLAS Bengali Association of Dallas-Fort Worth
1605 N. Britain Rd.,
Irving, TX 75061, USA  

 MARYLAND WALT WHITMAN High School
7100 Whittier Blvd
Bethesda, MD 20817


MINNESOTA
Bethany Baptist Church
2025 Skillman Avenue, Roseville
MN 55113, USA

NEW JERSEY Garden State Puja Committee
Golden Door Charter School
180 9th St, Jersey City, NJ, USA


Kallol
Ukranian Church
Somerset, NJ, USA
Mt. Laurel Hartford School
Mt. Laurel Twp, NJ, USA
Parsippany Hills High School

20 Rita Dr, Parsippany, NJ, USA
GSCA Public Relations Committee

New Jersey, USA
NEW YORK East Cost Durga Puja
Gujarati Samaj Hall
Flushing, NY , USA
Bangladesh Hindu Mandir

94-39, 44th Avenue
Elmhurst , NY – 11373, USA
PHILADELPHIA Newman Center, Drexel University
33rd & Chestnut St.
Philadelphia, USA
RALEIGH Millbrook Baptist Church
1519 Millbrook Road
Raleigh, NC, USA

VIRGINIA Lyon Village Community House
At the intersection of N.Highland St. & Lee Hwy
Arlington, Virginia, USA

AUSTRALIA Uniting Church Hall
74 Station Road, Indooroopilly
QLD 4068, Australia

CANADA League Hall
3728-106th Street
Edmonton, Canada
Bangiya Parishad
Tagore Centre
140 Millwick Drive
Toronto, CANADA

Leicester St. Chads Church Hall
Coleman Road, Broad Avenue Jn, LEICESTER
Mrs Kalyani Sarkar
Tel: (+)44-(0)116-2217706
Mobile: (+)44-(0)7740855465

MICHIGAN Hamilton Elementary School
5625 Northfield Parkway,
Troy, MI 48098, USA

MEMPHIS Durga Puja
5530 Shady Grove Road
Memphis, TN 38120, USA

Prantik
Long Reach High School
6101 Old Dobbin Lane
Columbia, MD 21045, USA

Prabasi of New England

Contact: website

http://prabasione.org

PRABASI -Bengali Cultural Organization of the San Francisco Bay Area

Bay Area Prabasi Inc.,

PO Box 2116, Fremont, CA 94536

http://www.prabasi.org

SANATAN BENGALI ASSOCIATION

http://www.pujas.co.uk

Contact at : sba@pujas.co.uk

or phone Alok Agrawal on 0208-590-2980


Traditional puja poised to go glocal

The Ekdalia Evergreen Puja pandal last year, Gregor Schneider and an image from the project proposal uploaded on his website The shabeki idol and familiar chandelier will share space with German artist Gregor Schneider’s work as Ekdalia Evergreen Club’s Durga Puja with a traditional heart gets a global face this year. The club recently tied up with Goethe-Institut, India, to showcase the work of Schneider, one of Germany’s best-known contemporary artists, at its Puja. “The Max Mueller Bhavan authorities had approached our president Subrata Mukherjee in January and proposed the project,” said Gautam Mukherjee, a joint secretary of the club. According to club members, Schneider, who went pandal-hopping in the city last Durga Puja, chose Ekdalia Evergreen because he found it suitable and convenient for displaying his art. The traditionalist Puja hesitated to take up the offer. A lot of consultations led to the eventual green light. “We are essentially a traditional Puja and not theme oriented. So we were apprehensive about the project,” said Gautam Mukherjee. But Schneider’s assurance that he would not interfere with the idol and the puja mandap helped put the club’s fears at rest. So those who visit the Ekdalia Evergreen Puja every year will not miss the familiar chandelier inside the pandal, shabeki idol and the Chandernagore lighting. The organisers have informed the artist about the high court rules and regulations and have been assured of compliance. The project — “It’s all Rheydt Kolkata 2011: Unterheydner Strasse” — is a part of the 15-month-long celebrations of the Year of Germany in India. The pandal will be one of the “constructed rooms” that Schneider is famous for. The club is reluctant to reveal details. The organisers want the project to be a surprise till it is almost complete. “We are supposed to get the model in a few days. It is going to be a plywood and plaster of Paris structure, which will be dismantled and carried back to Germany after Puja,” said the joint secretary. The artisans who will execute Schneider’s concept work for Ma Mangala Decorators. Its owner Amiya Kumar Sahoo has been constructing the Ekdalia Evergreen Puja pandal for the past seven years. The club authorities are reluctant to reveal the cost of the project but they expect their budget of around Rs 25 lakh to go up significantly. “We are expecting a 25 per cent increase in cost this year and are looking for funds accordingly. Goethe-Institut will also bear part of the cost. They will also set up a stall at the Puja and hold cultural programmes there every day,” said another joint secretary of the club, Gautam Basu. Work on the project is expected to start by the first week of August with Schneider supervising via video-conference. The artist himself will reach Calcutta after Mahalaya to oversee the final phase of work. Every part of the project will be documented. “Schneider has promised to spend Puja with us. We are honoured,” said Puja convenor Asish Chaudhuri. While club members and residents of the area are kicked about going glocal, they are also nervous about how the venture will be received. “This is something that has not happened in the history of baroari Puja. We are very happy that our pandal was chosen and also nervous about what our regular visitors will think,” admitted Gautam Mukherjee.


Sensex plummets 247 points to six-week low

Extending losses for the third day, the benchmark Sensex plunged by 247 points to close at a  six-week low on across-the-board selling by investors after  food inflation crossed 8 per cent mark fanning fears of yet  another rate hike.

After a promising opening, the 30-share Bombay Stock  Exchange came under hectic selling after midsession and closed  at 17,693.18, a steep fall of 247.37 points or 1.38 per cent.       

All 13 sectoral indices ended in the red, with realty,  auto, FMCG and metal segments suffering the most.      

In straight three days, the Sensex has tumbled by 621.15  points or 3.39 per cent and in last eight trading sessions, since July 26 when the apex bank hiked interest rates, crashed  by a total 1,178.11 points, or 6.24 per cent.      

Brokers said heavy selling by foreign funds dampened the market mood. FIIs sold shares worth Rs. 869.69 crore yesterday as per provisional data.

“Sell off intensified in the second half of the session  as the sentiments turned negative on high inflation statistics despite the aggressive hike in the interest rates by the RBI,”  Shanu Goel, Senior Research analyst-Bonanza Portfolio said.      

The official data showed a rise in inflation to 8.04 per  cent for the week ended July 23, from a 20-month low in the  previous week, renewing fears of interest rate hike by RBI.      

Market analysts said sentiment was also impacted by  Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee’s speech in Parliament on price rise which did not outline any further strategy to  control inflation.       

The broader NSE 50-issue Nifty also plunged by 73 points  or 1.35 per cent to 5,331.80. Fall in heavyweights like ITC, RIL, M&M and Infosys Tech together contributed over 100 points to the Sensex slide.

Overall, 28 out of 30 index-based scrips closed with  losses.      

Largest tractor and utility vehicles maker by sales M&M  was the top loser from the Sensex pack with a fall of 4.45 per cent after the government said that it may consider removing subsidy for diesel-run cars.

Diesel is the most consumed fuel in the country but is sold at a discount of Rs. 6.82 per litre to the cost of production.      

Tobacco giant, ITC was the second with a fall of 3.17 per  cent on fears of rise in excise duty on tobacco products.     

Market behemoth Reliance Industries fell by 1.53 per  cent, pulling the Sensex down.

Other major losers were NTPC (2.48 per cent), Hindalco  (2.47 per cent), Bajaj Auto (2.46 per cent), DLF (2.20 per   cent), Cipla (2.06 per cent), Tata Power (1.88 per cent),  Jindal Steel (1.80 per cent) and Tata Motors (1.55 per cent).      

From sectoral indices, BSE-Realty dipped by 2.16 per  cent, BSE-Auto by 2.06 per cent, BSE-FMCG by 1.82 per cent,   BSE-Metal by 1.76 per cent and BSE-Power by 1.61 per cent.      

The total market breadth at BSE remained negative as  1,705 stocks ended with losses, as against 1,127 that closed  with gains. The turnover rose further to Rs. 2,949.08 crore  from Rs. 2,576.76 crore yesterday.       

Asian markets ended narrowly mixed today. Key indices from Hong Kong, Singapore and South Korea finished in the red  while from China, Japan and Taiwan settled in the green.      

European shares too were trading in negative terrain in  their late afternoon deals. The CAC was down by 0.55 per cent, the DAX by 0.50 per cent and the FTSE by 1.13 per cent.

 

Sensex ends 132 pts down, FOMC meet holds key tomorrow

BSE benchmark Sensex made final attempt to register a respectable close on Tuesday. Mounting fears over the health of global economy have prompted investors to hit the sell button. The catastrophic fall of last few days continued for most part of today, but towards the afternoon the stock market managed to catch a glimpse of green, howsoever brief. 

The market saw huge swings before closing the trade. India’s volatility index hit an all-time high of 34.31 on global uncertainties. The 30-share BSE Sensex fell 132.27 points, to close at 16,857.91 after swinging 700 points. The 50-share NSE Nifty dropped 45.65 points, to end at 5,072.85.

It appears that markets have now priced in all negatives and was eyeing FOMC meet to be held in the US today. Pankaj Vaish, MD, head of markets of Citi, South Asia said, “Fed needs to talk about QE3 to restore confidence. Fundamentals are not bad in US markets.”

Short covering was the major reason behind recovery in today’s trade as the market was oversold after substantial fall of 1456 points on the Sensex in five days.

Rating agency S&P’s statement that there would be no immediate impact of US rating cut on India also provided the much-needed relief. This was in contrast to the talks doing the rounds yesterday that S&P downgrade may hit other countries and companies.

Market breadth was in favour of declines – about 3.4 shares declined for every one share gained.

Europe: The European markets witnessed an extremely choppy session, partly because of visible cracks in the Eurozone leadership. Germany has officially opposed enlarging the European Financial Stability Facility or EFSF to aid struggling nations like Italy and Spain. The European Commission had sought a massive increase in the fund’s lending capacity. The EFSF can currently lend USD 628 billion dollars.

Meanwhile, the ECB president Jean-Claude Trichet is playing down the central bank’s move to buy Italian and Spanish bonds. Trichet said that the move does not represent a shift in strategy for the ECB, and that it was just a measure aimed at helping the transmission of monetary policy.

European markets like France’s CAC and Britain’s FTSE were down 1.5-2%, at the time of closing of Indian equities. Germany’s DAX fell 3%; all these markets were down 4.5-6% at one point.

Dow Jones futures too saw 642 points swing today; it gained 38 points and Nasdaq futures went up 7 points.

In the commodity space, Brent crude slipped USD 2 to USD 101.7 a barrel. However, investors rushed to safe havens like gold on worries in the US and Europe. Gold gained USD 58 at USD 1768 an ounce in international markets.

On the India front, Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group companies’ shares slaughtered quite badly. Reliance Infrastructure and Reliance Power were down 6.5% each. Reliance Communications fell nearly 5% and Reliance Capital was down over 2%.

Technology stocks continued to reel under selling pressure as major revenues for these companies come from US and Europe. Wipro, TCS and Infosys lost 3-4%.

Heavyweights Reliance Industries, ICICI Bank and L&T declined 1-2%. Tata Motors and Tata Steel slipped 4-4.7%.

However, ITC, HDFC, M&M, DLF, Kotak Mahindra Bank, Grasim, Jaiprakash Associates and Ambuja Cements gained 2-4%. ONGC, BHEL, HDFC and HDFC Bank went up 0.5-1%.

Nifty off lows; DLF,HCL Tech,Tata Motors down

ET Bureau Aug 8, 2011, 01.24pm IST
MUMBAI: Equities were off intra-day lows as investors took cues from European peers which resisted steep decline and pared early morning losses.

Oil & gas, banks and auto bounced back in the positive terrain while IT, realty and metals continued to remain under pressure.

Goldman Sachs upgraded India to “market weight” from “underweight,” given a likely turn in the macro cycle, lower oil prices, lower valuation, and policy reform.

“The latest move by the RBI to raise the repo rate by 50 basis points was a clear sign in our view that the central bank is vigilant in bringing down inflation expectations,” Goldman said in a note.

At 1:10 PM; National Stock Exchange’s Nifty was at 5175.50, down 35.75 points or 0.69 per cent. The broader index touched a high of 5182.35 and low of 5054.05 in trade so far.

Bombay Stock Exchange’s Sensex was at 17160.08, down 145.79 points or 0.84 per cent. The 30-share index touched intraday low of 16759.45 and high of 17181.60.

BSE Midcap Index was down 1.18 per cent and BSE Smallcap Index fell 2.06 per cent.

Amongst sectoral indices, BSE IT Index fell 3.65 per cent, BSE Realty Index declined 2.88 per cent and BSE Metal Index slipped 2.01 per cent. BSE Oil&gas Index was up 0.57 per cent, BSE Bankex moved 0.31 per cent higher and BSE Auto Index moved up 0.08 per cent.

Shares of IT companies, which rely on the US and the Europe for over 60 per cent of their revenue, fell sharply on concerns that US rating downgrade would impact business negatively.

DLF (-4.85%), HCL Tech (-4.80%), Tata Motors (-4.70%), Wipro (-4.12%) and Infosys Technologies (-3.98%) were amongst the top Nifty losers.

Ambuja Cement (5.82%), M&M (3.37%), Punjab National Bank (2.69%), ACC (2.67%) and Hero Motors (2.44%) were amongst the gainers.

Market breadth was negative on the NSE with 2438 losers against 802 gainers.

Meanwhile, the European markets were modestly higher. FTSE 100 was up 0.01 per cent and CAC 40 moved 0.85 per cent higher. DAX was down 0.10 per cent.

Short sellers!! Take some money off the table: Sushil Kedia

On the back of changing trends in markets across the globe, the 50-share Nifty slipped 1.69% and closed at 5,123.25 on Monday. It touched an intra-day low of 5,054.05.

According to Sushil Kedia, President – ATMA, it is too early to decide if this is the final bottom for the market or more is on the way.

Kedia further said, the implied volatilities existing in the market are pricing for larger fluctuations. “Those holding shorts are suggested to keep reducing them and take profits.” 

Also Read: Markets may not shoot up after hitting bottom says Jhunjhunwala

Below is the edited transcript of Kedia’s interview with Udayan Mukherjee and Mitali Mukherjee of CNBC-TV18. For the complete interview watch the accompanying video.

Q: Last time, we were talking about the possibility of a pullback but does it appear that we are going straight to 4,700?

A: We are almost close to that level. The Bank Nifty will open around 9,700 number and CNX IT at 5,500. The question to be decided is, if people are gamblers, they will stake their life time earnings here or they will phase out their bets in a way in which this risk can be handled. We are more or less close to the targets one envisaged. However, it is too early to take call if a pullback might come and will it retest or whether the final bottom made here is good enough.

Q: Is this looking like a bear market?

A: The definition for bear markets is when the market declines 20% from top. If one is positive about witnessing highs than seen earlier, then one can say that this is not a bear market but a very large pull down. For India and a number of Asian markets that thesis still stays intact.

For a number of western markets, that thesis is come under question. If one asks what will happen if this market keeps declining down to 4,200, can I still say that the all time highs will not be challenged within a year, the answer is still no. We will have to this give some more time and to decide whether all time highs will come or not.

Even if the Chinese market drops below 2,200 which one has been calling for last five-six months, the markets of Korea, India will go back over the next 12-15 months. They will breach and create completely new highs. For the western markets I am a bit suspect.

Q: Would you cover up your shorts once here or does it make sense to keep them open with a trailing stop loss?

A: One may end up gaining more by not covering the shorts. If one ends up gaining by not covering their shorts here, that may not necessarily be a wise decision. It will be a type II error. The kind of implied volatilities that exits at this moment means market is pricing for much larger fluctuation. In the last five- eight days it has been declining in a straight line.

The implied volatilities which many of the derivative strategist keep talking about, has not yet reflected in the market place. Going forward, if there is going to be a lot more fluctuation and there is straight line home run, one can get a windfall gain. Not taking those profits and just pushing your luck further does not appeal to me.

The opportunity loss by covering your shorts here and few 100 points more may come, but that is another thing. Do you have the ability to withstand a 300 or 400 point fluctuation is what implied volatilities are pricing. I would say those who are holding shorts have to keep reducing them and take profits.

Q: From the banking space, which ones from look the most vulnerable to you technically aside from the bank Nifty itself?

A: State Bank of India has come closer back to those lower levels, again. In the last one and half months it has not created that kind of a pattern where I would say, go out and start shopping this one. That looks highly suspect. Even ICICI Bank or PNB is not producing that kind of a pattern.

While we are closer to the bank Nifty levels forecasted initially, it does not become an automatic forecast without watching evidence for a reversal. Number of these banking stocks are looking suspicious.

It is quite possible, I cannot call for a probability here, I can’t calculated it right away. It might be so happen that the CNX bank index may drop to 9,000 and SBI drops all the way to 1,900 so, we will have to take it with a pinch of salt. Different players in the market will have to keep doing different things.

Anybody in the market can come to the desk with three existing states. Either you are short, long or you have done nothing. You can take three different decisions today. You can start doing some new longs, you can make some new shorts or you do nothing. There are nine pairs of trading decisions that you can do today. Out of those nine the best one is if you are short you close your shorts and if you are long you pray to god.

Having said this, if you are existing long you do have a suspicious chart pattern here. You will have to figure out how much are you allowed to lose more and build your stop losses. But those who are looking to nibble in and start buying in banks here I don’t find the evidence to go out and do any major shopping.

Q: What about the metal stocks? How would you trade them?

A: The metal stocks like SAIL and Hindalco have been battered. Depending on where Hindalco opens now, Rs 140 looks like an attractive level for those who are under owning it, those who have underweighted it or those who have shorted it.

I cannot go out and say with conviction that after rebounding back to Rs 160 it will not collapse back to Rs 130. It can go down to Rs 110. Let’s keep the possibilities open. For now it is an attractive level for closing your shorts. If you have space and you are not over leveraged, you can do some short-term trading maybe to play Rs 20 rebound.

It is very difficult to forecast, if this is a final bottom and you will see Rs 250 back in a year’s time. Next couple of weeks will determine the future of most of the stocks as to how they bottom out, if they do bottom out

Sensex provisionally down 0.55% after roller coaster ride

 
 
Capital Market / 15:53 , Aug 09, 2011
 
 
 
 
 
 

Stocks once again cut losses in late trade as bargain hunting emerged after a recent sharp sell-off in share prices. The 50-unit S&P CNX Nifty regained the psychological 5,000 level after falling below that mark for the first in more than 14 months at the onset of the trading session. The barometer index BSE Sensex fell below the psychological 17,000 mark after regaining that level for a brief period in afternoon trade. The Sensex was provisionally down 94.24 points or 0.55%, up 463.94 points from the day’s low and off 239.10 points from the day’s high. Intense volatility was the hallmark of the day’s trading session.

NSE’s Volatility index, India VIX, surged to 34.88% from its close of 28.78% on Monday, 8 August 2011. The market breadth was weak. Data showing recent heavy selling by foreign institutional investors (FIIs) and growing fears of another recession in the US, the world’s biggest economy, weighed on sentiment.

FIIs sold shares worth a massive Rs. 1385.78 crore on Monday, 8 August 2011, as per provisional data from the stock exchanges. FIIs have dumped shares worth a net Rs. 4413.83 crore in the first few days this month, as per data from the stock exchanges. Domestic institutional investors (DIIs) have absorbed most of the heavy selling by foreign funds, with purchases of shares worth Rs. 3476.46 crore in the first few trading sessions this month, as per data from the stock exchanges.

Index heavyweights Reliance Industries and ICICI Bank edged lower in volatile trade after striking 52-week lows. Tractor and utility vehicles major Mahindra & Mahindra (M&M) gained for the second day after the company at the time of announcing Q1 June 2011 results during market hours on Monday, 8 August 2011, gave a positive outlook for the remaining part of the year.

Software pivotals extended recent steep losses as the US rating downgrade may lead to a slowdown in decision-making on technology spending by clients in the world’s largest outsourcing market. The US is the biggest market for Indian IT firms. Metal stocks fell in volatile trade on worries the global economic slowdown may crimp demand. Banking stocks were mixed amid worries that higher lending rates will crimp loan growth.

Intraday volatility was quite high. The market came off lows soon after an initial steep slide triggered by a massive decline in US shares on Monday, 8 August 2011. The intraday recovery continued mid-morning trade. The recovery gathered steam in early afternoon trade as the Sensex moved into positive zone. Intense volatility in US pre-market trading and initial volatility in European shares triggered high volatility in Indian shares, which gave up gains in afternoon trade after a strong intraday rebound. Volatility continued in mid-afternoon trade. The market once again came off lows in late trade.

As per provisional closing, the BSE Sensex was down 94.24 points or 0.55% to 16,895.94. The Sensex lost 558.18 points at the day’s low of 16,432 in early trade, its lowest level since 1 June 2010. The index rose 144.86 points at the day’s high of 17,135.04 in afternoon trade.

The S&P CNX Nifty was down 35 points or 0.68% to 5,083.50. The Nifty hit a low of 4,946.45 in intraday trade, its lowest level since 27 May 2010. The Nifty hit a high of 5,167 in intraday trade.

The market breadth, indicating the overall health of the market, was weak. On BSE, 2,040 shares declined while 879 shares gained. A total of 94 shares remained unchanged.

The total turnover on BSE amounted to Rs. 3384 crore compared with Rs. 2671 crore by 14:25 IST

Among the 30-share Sensex pack, 19 declined while the rest gained. ITC (up 2.98%), Jaiprakash Associates (up 2.74%), and HDFC (up 2.08%), edged higher from the Sensex pack. Cipla (down 3.72%), Sun Pharmaceuticals (down 2.99%), and Coal India (down 2.7%), edged lower from the Sensex pack.

Index heavyweight Reliance Industries (RIL) lost 1.65% to Rs. 767.70, rebounding from a 52-week low of Rs. 754.25 hit in intraday trade today, 9 August 2011. During market hours today, 9 August 2011, RIL said it has received the government’s formal approval to sell a 30% stake in 21 oil and gas production sharing contracts to BP PLC. Following the approval, Reliance and BP will work together to conclude the deal expeditiously, RIL said in a statement.

The initial proposal was for RIL to sell the stake in 23 blocks to BP for $7.2 billion plus another $1.8 billion linked to exploration success. However, the government cleared only 21 blocks and RIL had said it would continue to seek approval for the remaining two blocks.

The prized KG-D6 fields of RIL produced 31% less than previously projected natural gas output in the April-June 2011 quarter, the Oil Ministry said recently. The average gas production during April-June 2011 from KG-DWN-98/3 (KG-D6) block was 48.60 million metric standard cubic meters per day (mmscmd), less than the approved Field Development Plan (FDP) rate of 70.39 mmscmd, the ministry said.

Metal stocks dropped in choppy trade on worries the global economic slowdown may crimp demand. LMEX, a gauge of six metals traded on London Metal Exchange, fell 3.21% to $3,816 on Monday, 8 August 2011.

India’s largest private sector steel maker by sales Tata Steel lost 4.77% to Rs. 486.60 and was the top loser from the Sensex pack. The stock declined to a 52-week low of Rs. 481.15 in intraday trade today, 9 August 2011. The company, last week, said it will invest 7 million pounds ($11.4 million) in its European unit to enhance welding and material handling capabilities of its mill in Hartlepool in the UK. This investment will help us retain our position as a world-leading supplier of pipes and tubes, said Ramsay Ross, a director of Tata Steel’s tubes business, said in a statement.

India’s largest non-ferrous metal firm by capacity Sterlite Industries (India) fell 1.28% to Rs. 135.05 after sliding to a 52-week low of Rs. 130 in intraday trade today, 9 August 2011. The stock retreated from day’s high of Rs. 141.90.

India’s largest private sector aluminium maker by sales Hindalco Industries dropped 1.58% to Rs. 149.30, after falling to a 52-week low of Rs. 143.65 in intraday trade today, 9 August 2011.

India’s largest sponge iron steel maker by sales Jindal Steel & Power shed 0.13% to Rs. 523.05 after declining to a 52-week low of Rs. 501.20 in intraday trade today, 9 August 2011.

JSW Steel slipped 3.82%. During market hours today, 9 August 2011, the company said its crude steel production rose 15% to 5.99 lakh tonne in July 2011 over July 2010. The company, last week, denied the conclusions drawn in a report by the Lokayukta, Karnataka’s anti-graft watchdog, against the company on procurement and transportation of iron ore in the state.

Sesa Goa declined 2.55%. On Saturday, 6 August 2011, the company said it has agreed to acquire 51% stake in Western Cluster, Liberia for a cash consideration of $90 million. With this acquisition, Sesa Goa will become a significant player in the upcoming West African Iron Ore hub, the company said.

Hindustan Zinc (down 1.58%), Steel Authority of India (down 0.18%), and National Aluminium Company (down 4.57%), were the other losers from the metal pack.

Software pivotals extended recent steep losses as the US rating downgrade may lead to a slowdown in decision-making on technology spending by clients in the world’s largest outsourcing market. The US is the biggest market for Indian IT firms. India’s largest software services exporter TCS slumped 4.28% to Rs. 966.05. Nevertheless, the stock was off day’s low of Rs. 948. TCS and Singapore Management University (SMU) on Monday, 8 August 2011, announced establishment of TCS-SMU iCity Lab to be located at SMU. TCS made the announcement after trading hours on Monday.

India’s third largest software services exporter Wipro fell 2.41% to Rs. 350. The stock had hit a 52-week low of Rs. 337.75 in intraday trade on Monday, 8 August 2011. Wipro’s ADR plunged 8.26% to $10.11 on Monday.

India’s second largest software services exporter Infosys was down 3.61% to Rs. 2379, after falling to a 52-week low of Rs. 2350 in intraday trade today, 9 August 2011. Infosys sees fears of another recession in the US. Infosys’ ADR slumped 6.97% to $53.39 on Monday.

Tractor and utility vehicles major Mahindra & Mahindra (M&M) jumped 5.24% to Rs. 700.90 and was the top gainer from the Sensex pack. The stock extended Monday’s over 1.5% gain. M&M during market hours on Monday, 8 August 2011, reported 7.6% rise in net profit to Rs. 604.90 crore on 28.8% increase in gross revenue & other income to Rs. 7294.30 crore in Q1 June 2011 over Q1 June 2010. M&M said profit before tax (PBT) rose 12.9% to Rs. 814.30 crore. M&M said there was a sharp increase in non-cash charge arising from amortization of ESOPs granted in earlier years, at Rs. 26.50 crore in Q1 June 2011 from Rs. 0.90 crore in Q1 June 2010. Excluding this charge, PBT growth was 16.5% in Q1 June 2011, M&M said.

M&M said despite a relentless increase in material costs the profit grew in the first quarter due to tight control on expenses and good volumes in both auto and tractor segments. Since prospects for agricultural and services sectors growth remain reasonably robust, the outlook for the company for the remaining part of the year remains positive but watchful, M&M said.

India’s largest truck maker by sales Tata Motors lost 4.28% to Rs. 796 after sliding to a 52-week low of Rs. 785.65 in intraday trade today, 9 August 2011. Tata Motors’ ADR tumbled 10.54% to $17.15 on Monday.

India’s largest small car maker by sales Maruti Suzuki India rose 1.39%. Bike makers reversed initial decline. India’s largest bike maker by sales Hero MotoCorp shed 0.05%. India’s second largest bike maker by sales Bajaj Auto surged 1.95%.

Banking stocks were mixed amid worries that higher lending rates will crimp loan growth. A number of commercial banks have raised lending rates recently after the central bank raised its key lending rate by a steeper-than-expected 50 basis points at a policy review on 26 July 2011.

India’s largest commercial bank by branch network State Bank of India rose 0.82%. The bank reportedly expects to raise Rs. 23000 crore through a rights issue to fund loan growth.

India’s largest private sector bank by net profit HDFC Bank rose 1.51%, reversing intraday fall.

India’s largest private sector bank by net profit ICICI Bank was down 1.47% to Rs. 938.10 after falling to a 52-week low of Rs. 912.65 in intraday trade today, 9 August 2011.

ABB rose 1%. During market hours today, 9 August 2011, the company reported 1.04% rise in net profit to Rs. 38.70 crore on 17.03% rise in revenue to Rs. 1693 crore in Q2 June 2011 over Q2 June 2010. The company’s order inflow surged 45% to Rs. 1791.80 crore in Q2 June 2011 over Q2 June 2010. ABB’s order backlog stood at Rs. 8415 crore as on 30 June 2011, which is 1.34 times its net sales of Rs. 6287.12 crore for the year ended December 2010, giving strong revenue visibility.

The Sensex tumbled 1,881.11 points or 9.97% in ten trading sessions to a 14-month closing low of 16,990.18 on Monday, 8 August 2011, from a recent high of 18,871.29 on 25 July 2011. For calendar year till Monday, 8 August 2011, the Sensex tumbled 17.15% in 2011, making it the worst-performing among major Asian markets.

The Q1 June 2011 earnings season is drawing towards a close. Investors are focusing on the post-Q1 June 2011 result management commentary to gauge the future earnings outlook at a time when Indian firms are witnessing cost pressures amid rising interest rates and staff costs.

Tata Power and Rural Electrification Corporation unveil Q1 results on Wednesday, 10 August 2011. Tata Motors, Reliance Infrastructure, Reliance Power, Castrol India and Shipping Corporation of India unveil quarterly results on Thursday, 11 August 2011.

Tata Steel, Hindalco Industries, Coal India, National Aluminium Company, Jaiprakash Associates, Unitech and HPCL unveil Q1 results on Friday, 12 August 2011. State Bank of India, Aditya Birla Nuvo, Reliance Communications, Reliance Capital and Shipping Corporation of India unveil Q1 results on Saturday, 13 August 2011.

Thomas Mathew, joint secretary of capital markets today, 9 August 2011, said the country’s stock markets are likely to remain volatile in the near term, tracking pan-Asian jitters following the US credit downgrade and local state-run companies should decide themselves when to step in to support the market. India’s economic fundamentals remain strong and its share markets would attract strong overseas capital amid the global uncertainty, Mathew said. He doesn’t expect any payment problems to plague Indian share markets after a recent steep slide.

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on Monday, 8 August 2011, said that the US rating downgrade has raised concerns of continuing turmoil in global financial markets as investors re-allocate portfolios in response to heightened risk perceptions stemming from the latest developments. As Friday’s (5 August 2011) market behaviour demonstrated, India is not insulated from such developments, RBI said. It may, however, be noted that in the worst phase of the recent global financial crisis, the Indian economy grew by 6.8%, suggesting high resilience emerging from domestic factors, the RBI said in a statement.

While downside risks to growth may have increased in the wake of global developments, they are likely to have limited impact, RBI said. However, the policy and regulatory framework must anticipate and be prepared to respond to turbulent financial market conditions arising out of external developments, RBI said. In the immediate future, the RBI’s priority is to ensure that adequate rupee and forex liquidity are maintained in domestic markets to prevent excessive volatility in interest rates and exchange rates.

Rupee liquidity is being provided through the Repo window of the Liquidity Adjustment Facility (LAF). As of now, the banking system does not face any liquidity pressures as evident from the low level of dependence on liquidity injections under the LAF, RBI said. In any case, the banking system currently has an adequate stock of Statutory Liquidity Ratio (SLR) securities, which are eligible for Repo transactions, RBI said. Further, the capacity of the LAF to inject liquidity has recently been augmented by the introduction of the Marginal Standing Facility (MSF), which allows banks to draw down SLR securities up to a further one per cent of their Net Demand and Time Liabilities (NDTL) in order to meet liquidity requirements. This will help stabilize the call rate within the LAF corridor, which is currently 7% to 9%, RBI said.

As regards forex liquidity, in anticipation of financial market turbulence related to the US debt ceiling impasse, the RBI recently made an assessment of the ability of the forex reserve portfolio to meet potential forex requirements in the event of significant capital outflows. This exercise indicated that there were sufficient liquid reserves to meet the demand for forex even in stress scenarios, RBI said.

RBI said it is closely monitoring all key indicators and will continuously assess the impact of global developments on rupee and forex liquidity and macroeconomic stability. We will respond quickly and appropriately to the evolving situation, RBI said.

Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee on Monday, 8 August 2011, said the government will give an impetus to domestic growth drivers. Our economic fundamentals are sound and we would also focus on encouraging greater domestic consumption and give impetus to the drivers of domestic growth, Mukherjee told reporters. He was reacting to questions on the impact of the US debt rating downgrade and the debt troubles in the euro zone on the Indian economy. Mukherjee also said that the government would fast-track economic reforms and that the Indian economy remains an attractive investment destination for foreign investors despite the global growth slowdown worries. Mukherjee on Tuesday, 9 August 2010, said the decline in global crude prices will help in managing India’s inflation.

Chief economic adviser Kaushik Basu on Monday, 8 August 2011, said while India would be affected in the short term by a US economic slowdown, it had potential to benefit in the future. We have a slew of instruments available with the finance ministry, the government and the Reserve Bank of India, and, should the need arise, the government and the central bank are in a position to step in, Basu told reporters on Monday. Basu expects India’s brisk economic growth could be a magnet for global capital inflows, a thought shared by the finance minister.

Monsoon rains were 22% below normal in the week to 3 August 2011, recording marginal improvement from 23% below average showers in the previous week. Total rainfall since the beginning of the June-September monsoon season has been 6% below average. Rainfall has been normal or above in 73% of the country so far this season, while 27% of the country is facing a deficit. In some parts of eastern India such as Orissa, Bihar and Jharkhand, rainfall is below normal, but in the key rice-growing state of West Bengal rainfall is above normal. A rainfall deficit in the southern state of Andhra Pradesh, a top rice-producer, has largely been bridged.

In the northern grain bowl region of Punjab, the monsoon rain deficit is 26%. However, since most farmland in Punjab is irrigated, rice production may not be adversely affected in the state. But, low rainfall in the western regions is likely to adversely affect the output of groundnut, the second biggest summer-sown oilseed crop after soybean. In Gujarat, rainfall is 37% below average.

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) raised its key lending rates by 50 basis points at a policy review on 26 July 2011, to tame high inflation. RBI had at time said that going forward, the monetary policy stance will depend on the evolving inflation trajectory, which, in turn, will be determined by trends in domestic growth and global commodity prices. A change in stance will be motivated by signs of a sustainable downturn in inflation, it had added.

European stock markets turned weak on Tuesday, 9 August 2011, giving up on an earlier attempt to push higher, with Total SA and HSBC Holdings PLC leading declines. The key benchmark indices in France, Germany and UK were down by between 1.34% and 3.59%.

The amount of money commercial banks parked at the European Central Bank hit a 2011 record on Monday, 8 August 2011, European Central Bank data showed on Tuesday, 9 August 2011, reflecting the end of the ECB’s reserve period Tuesday and also fears that Europe’s sovereign debt crisis is deepening.

Asian shares skidded Tuesday after a massive sell-off in the US on Monday, 8 August 2011, undermined already-fragile confidence, although a number of indexes recovered from an initial steep slide triggered by a massive fall in US stocks on Monday, 8 August 2011. The key benchmark indices in Taiwan, South Korea, Indonesia, Hong Kong, China and Japan were down by between 0.03% to 5.66%.

The Hong Kong Monetary Authority Tuesday said the city’s markets have ample liquidity and are able to withstand market volatility amid a decline in the local currency and stocks.

China today, 9 August 2011, said its July consumer price index inflation hit 6.5%, accelerating from a 6.4% year-on-year rise in June.

US stocks tumbled on Tuesday, dragging the benchmark indices to their biggest slump since December 2008, amid concern that a downgrade of the nation’s credit rating by Standard & Poor’s may worsen an economic slowdown. The Dow Jones Industrial Average tanked 5.55% or 634.76 points at 10809.85. The Nasdaq Composite fell 6.9% or 174.72 points at 2357.69 and the Standard & Poor’s 500 declined 6.66% or 79.92 points at 1119.46.

Standard & Poor’s on Friday, 5 August 2011, downgraded the US long-term debt rating to AA+ from AAA with a negative outlook, meaning it can be lowered again within two years.

US index futures dropped in intense volatility in pre-market US trading on Tuesday, 9 August 2011. Futures on the Dow Jones Industrial Average were down 57 points at last check after surging more than 300 points earlier. Dow futures had slumped more than 200 points initially.

Finance ministers and central bank governors at the Group of 20 industrialized and developing nations on Monday, 8 August 2011, said they were committed to take all necessary initiatives in a coordinated way to support financial stability and to foster stronger economic growth. Without detailing specifics, the G20 officials said they will remain in close contact and cooperate as necessary in the coming weeks to ensure stability and liquidity in the financial markets.

The Group of Seven developed nations had also said Sunday, 7 August 2011, that it was ready to respond as needed to take coordinated action, including to ensure liquidity and support financial market functioning and economic growth

All eyes are now on the US Federal Reserve’s one-day policy meeting later in the global day today, 9 August 2011, with the market looking for any signals on the possibility of the Fed injecting any further monetary stimulus to help stem the current global growth confidence crisis. At their last meeting in June 2011, Fed officials decided to keep the central bank’s balance sheet at a record to spur the slowing economy after completing $600 billion of bond purchases. The Fed has held its target for the short-term federal-funds rate inside a lowest-ever range of 0% to 0.25% since December 2008

 

Read more at: http://profit.ndtv.com/news/show/sensex-plummets-247-points-to-six-week-low-166815?ch=kjerh&cp


How to configure your Outlook GMail account

How to configure your Outlook GMail account

dots Why should I use Outlook for my Gmail address?

 

Although the web based system of Google Gmail is one of the most feature rich webmail platforms, you may want to handle your Gmail account & messages from a client email software program such as Microsoft Outlook. For example, if you are using other email addresses and not just the Gmail account, most likely you would want to read and handle all your email accounts from the same interface & program.

dots Configuring the Outook Gmail settings.

You can configure Outlook to handle your Gmail account as a POP3 or as an IMAP account. Depending on your choice, you have to enable the related account option in your Gmail account (Gmail Settings -> Forwarding and POP/IMAP).

  • Below, we will detail how to setup Microsoft Office Outlook 2000 to 2010 to send, receive and store email messages for a Gmail address. Before getting started, please make sure you know your Gmail email address and your Gmail password.

Start Outlook: from the main Outlook window, go to Tools -> Email Accounts.

selecting the Outlook email accounts for Gmail

On the Outlook popup window, select to “Add a new e-mail account” and click on Next.

Outlook add email account

On the server type step, select POP3 or IMAP (depending on your needs) for the Outlook email account type, then click on Next. There is no need to select the IMAP type, because the Gmail web based account will anyway keep a copy of all emails, just like an IMAP account would do.

gmail pop3 for outlook

On the next screen, you will have to specify your Outlook Gmail settings, such as your Gmail username and password, Gmail server addresses, Gmail server ports and Outlook Gmail display name.

  • On the User Information section, enter your Name (it can be anything, but remember this is going to be the name/text that people will see when you will send them an email via your Outlook Gmail account) and your Gmail email address.
  • On the Server Information section, enter the Google Gmail servers:

    POP Gmail servers for Outlook:
    - Incoming mail server: pop.gmail.com
    - Outgoing mail server: smtp.gmail.com.

    IMAP Gmail server for Outlook:
    - Incoming mail server: imap.gmail.com
    - Outgoing mail server: smtp.gmail.com.

    As an alternative, you may setup any other outgoing mail server that you have access to, such as your ISP’s SMTP server or your own hosted outgoing server. However, if you setup a 3rd party outgoing mail server, you will not have access to sent emails via your web based Gmail account panel.

  • On the Logon Information section, enter your Gmail User Name (which is the same as your Gmail email address) and your Gmail password. Tick the box “Remember password” in order to make Outlook to store the Gmail password, so it will not ask you about it every time when Outlook will send/receive emails for the Gmail account.
  • Click on the “More Settings” button and go to the “Advanced” window tab.

    If you use Gmail as a POP Outlook account:
    - On the “Incoming server (POP3)” field, enter 995 and mark the box “This server requires an encrypted connection (SSL)”;
    - On the “Outgoing server (SMTP)” field, enter 465 and mark the box “This server requires an encrypted connection (SSL)”.

    If you use Gmail as an IMAP Outlook account:
    - On the “Incoming server (IMAP)” field, enter 993 and mark the box “This server requires an encrypted connection (SSL)”;
    - On the “Outgoing server (SMTP)” field, enter 587 and mark the box “This server requires an encrypted connection (TLS)”.

    For both POP and IMAP, you also have to enable the option “My outgoing mail server requires authentication” from the Outgoing Server tab.

    You can also change the server timeouts period: this defines the time interval for which Outlook will wait to establish a Gmail connection, before triggering a connection error. The slower your Internet connection is, the greater period you should put.
    The “Delivery” options are not important for an Outlook Gmail account: no matter what you would change here, Gmail will always keep a copy of each email on the Gmail server.

    outlook gmail servers
    When you are done setting up your Outlook Gmail advanced settings, click on OK to return to the Outlook Gmail account window.

    gmail for outlook 

    To verify your Outlook Gmail setup, click on the “Test Account Settings” button: this will make Outlook to attempt to login to your Gmail account and to send & receive an Outlook test email. If the test will succeed, you will notice the test email in your Outlook Inbox folder. If the test fails, Outlook will prompt you with the error messages – most likely, you didn’t setup the correct server settings or the Gmail password is wrong.

     

    Resources


Rabindra ,Sangeet

Aamra bedechhi kasher guchchho_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

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Adhek ghume noyon chume_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

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Aguner poroshmoni chhonau prane_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

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Aha aji e bosonte_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

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Amar bela je jay sanjh belate_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

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Amar ei poth chawatei anando_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

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Amar hiyar maje lukiye chhile_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

Amar kontho hote gaan ke nilo bhulaye_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

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Amar mon jokhon jagli naa re_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

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Amar mon kemon kore_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

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Amar noyon bhulano ele_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

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Amar shesh paranir kori_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

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Amar sokol dukher prodeep jwele_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

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Amar sokol niye bose achhi_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

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Amar sokol roser dhara_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

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Amare koro jeebondaan_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

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Amare koro tomar beena_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

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Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

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Amay thakte de na apon mone_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

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Ami elem tare dware_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

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Ami kaan pete roi amar apon_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

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Ami kee gaan gabo je bhebe naa pai_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

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Ami rupe tomay bhulabo naa_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

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Ami tomar preme hobo sobar_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

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Anandadhara bohichhe bhubone_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

By Sangeet | Size: 858.3kb | on Nov. 7 2007

Aro aro probhu aro aro_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

By Sangeet | Size: 700kb | on Nov. 12 2007

Asa jawar pother dhare_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

By Sangeet | Size: 1.1MB | on Mar. 26 2008

Baje korun sure_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

By Sangeet | Size: 1.4MB | on Nov. 8 2007

Bajilo kahar beena modhur sware_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

By Sangeet | Size: 1.3MB | on Nov. 8 2007

Bakee ami rakhbo na_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

By Sangeet | Size: 706.3kb | on Nov. 8 2007

Barota peyechhi mone mone_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

By Sangeet | Size: 1MB | on Nov. 8 2007

Bondhu kon alo laglo chokhe_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

By Sangeet | Size: 943.5kb | on Nov. 8 2007

Bone jodi futlo kusum_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

By Sangeet | Size: 877.8kb | on Nov. 8 2007

Boro bedonar moto bejechho tumi hey_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

By Sangeet | Size: 1MB | on Nov. 8 2007

Bosonte ki shudhu kebol_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

By Sangeet | Size: 908.7kb | on Nov. 8 2007

Chander hasir bandh bhenghechhe_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

By Sangeet | Size: 1.1MB | on Nov. 9 2007

Chhinno patar sajai toroni_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

By Sangeet | Size: 1MB | on Mar. 26 2008

Chitto pipasito re_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

By Sangeet | Size: 1.1MB | on Nov. 9 2007

Chokher aloy dekhechhilem chokher bahire_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

By Sangeet | Size: 1.1MB | on Nov. 9 2007

Choran rekha tobo je pothe dile lekhi_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

By Sangeet | Size: 990.3kb | on Mar. 26 2008

Dakbo naa dakbo naa_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

By Sangeet | Size: 870.5kb | on Nov. 9 2007

Bondhu kon alo laglo chokhe_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

By Sangeet | Size: 943.5kb | on Nov. 8 2007

Bone jodi futlo kusum_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

By Sangeet | Size: 877.8kb | on Nov. 8 2007

Boro bedonar moto bejechho tumi hey_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

By Sangeet | Size: 1MB | on Nov. 8 2007

Bosonte ki shudhu kebol_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

By Sangeet | Size: 908.7kb | on Nov. 8 2007

Chander hasir bandh bhenghechhe_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

By Sangeet | Size: 1.1MB | on Nov. 9 2007

Chhinno patar sajai toroni_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

By Sangeet | Size: 1MB | on Mar. 26 2008

Chitto pipasito re_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

By Sangeet | Size: 1.1MB | on Nov. 9 2007

Chokher aloy dekhechhilem chokher bahire_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

By Sangeet | Size: 1.1MB | on Nov. 9 2007

Choran rekha tobo je pothe dile lekhi_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

De lo sokhee de poraiye gole_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

By Sangeet | Size: 969.5kb | on Nov. 9 2007

De tora amay nuton kore de_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

By Sangeet | Size: 621.5kb | on Nov. 15 2007

Deep nibhe gechhe momo nishithosomire_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

By Sangeet | Size: 863.4kb | on Nov. 9 2007

Dekho dekho shuktara ankhi meli chay_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

By Sangeet | Size: 997.9kb | on Mar. 26 2008

Din guli mor sonar khanchay roilo naa_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

By Sangeet | Size: 1MB | on Nov. 9 2007

Dinanto belay shesher fosol_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

By Sangeet | Size: 946kb | on Nov. 12 2007

Diner pore din je gelo_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

By Sangeet | Size: 703.4kb | on Nov. 9 2007

Diye genu bosonter ei gaankhani_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

By Sangeet | Size: 929kb | on Nov. 9 2007

Dui hridoyer nodee_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

By Sangeet | Size: 1MB | on Nov. 9 2007

Dujone dekha holo_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

By Sangeet | Size: 993.4kb | on Nov. 9 2007

Robi : Bannya (Part-1)

Last modified on Apr. 13 2010|Views 10873
Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya (250-Track)
Tag: Rabindra , Sangeet , Rezwana , Chowdhury , Bannya , Bangla , Gaan , Tagore , Song , mp3
Total Size: 227.1MB
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Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya
Posted on Nov. 8 2007

 

 

Bannya

 

 

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De lo sokhee de poraiye gole_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

By Sangeet | Size: 969.5kb | on Nov. 9 2007

De tora amay nuton kore de_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

By Sangeet | Size: 621.5kb | on Nov. 15 2007

Deep nibhe gechhe momo nishithosomire_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

By Sangeet | Size: 863.4kb | on Nov. 9 2007

Dekho dekho shuktara ankhi meli chay_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

By Sangeet | Size: 997.9kb | on Mar. 26 2008

Din guli mor sonar khanchay roilo naa_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

By Sangeet | Size: 1MB | on Nov. 9 2007

Dinanto belay shesher fosol_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

By Sangeet | Size: 946kb | on Nov. 12 2007

Diner pore din je gelo_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

By Sangeet | Size: 703.4kb | on Nov. 9 2007

Diye genu bosonter ei gaankhani_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

By Sangeet | Size: 929kb | on Nov. 9 2007

Dui hridoyer nodee_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

By Sangeet | Size: 1MB | on Nov. 9 2007

Dujone dekha holo_Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya.mp3

Rabindra Sangeet of Rezwana Chowdhury Bannya

By Sangeet | Size: 993.4kb | on Nov. 9 2007
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By Sangeet | Size: 1.2MB | on Nov. 7 2007

Foxit PDF Reader

Foxit PDF Reader
Select Version for Download
Official Website - http://www.foxitsoftware.comCompany - Foxit Software CompanyCurrent Version - 5.02 Build 0718

 

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spyware, viruses?
Foxit PDF Reader 1.3 Build 0104 (2.6 MB) no
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Foxit PDF Reader 1.3 Build 1111 (2.5 MB) no
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Foxit PDF Reader 1.3 Build 1522 (1.1 MB) no
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Foxit PDF Reader 2.0 Build 1516 (1.7 MB) no
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Foxit PDF Reader

Foxit Reader is a freely available PDF reader for 32-bit Microsoft Windows (95 up to XP, including Mobile), GNU/Linux, and U3. It is notable for its short load time and small filesize, which are sometimes favorably compared to Adobe Reader[1]. Version 1.x was, however, criticised for excessive memory usage, while version 2 is reported to have solved this problem.[1].

It allows Windows 9x/ME to open Acrobat version 7 files, which the current version of Adobe’s Acrobat reader for those operating systems will not.

Foxit also produces a number of other PDF related tools which are sold commercially. In this, their business strategy can be seen to be similar to that of Adobe, who also produces a free PDF Reader and sells commercial PDF software.


IncrediMail

IncrediMail
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Official Website - http://www.incredimail.comCompany - IncrediMail Ltd.Current Version - Build 2180
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IncrediMail Build 2031 (7.8 MB) no
IncrediMail Build 2077 (7.8 MB) no
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Do you have a software version thats not currently listed?

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IncrediMail

IncrediMail is an e-mail client which produces multimedia e-mail.

Its free ad-supported version is available for download at its website. The paid version, IncrediMail Premium, removes its advertisements.

The product is intended to be user-friendly, and it employs a Graphical User Interface and multiple templates. The program offers both audio and video embedding in e-mail messages.

IncrediMail-authored e-mails do not require the program to exist on recipient machines, but the e-mail servers do need to enable the IncrediMail formats.

Some people think the program would increases message sizes (and consequently download times for recipients) and uses more bandwidth than text-only or HTML mail. But if you are willing to have a look at the preferences you can switch it to sending plain text messages, which are by very nature the same size with every program.

Description courtesy of Wikipedia.


Download Eudora

Download Eudora

The latest versions of Eudora are shown below. To find out if you are running the latest version, open Eudora and selectHelp > About Eudora (Mac OS X, go to the Eudora: menu > About Eudora).
Eudora for
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Eudora 7.1 Setup 16.6 MB 10/11/2006
      Runs on Microsoft Windows XP/2000
README First! 31 KB 10/11/2006
Release Notes 55 KB 10/11/2006
User Manual (pdf,zip) 5.4 MB 10/11/2006
Quick Start Guide (pdf) 252 KB 10/11/2006
New Features Guide (pdf) 229 KB 10/11/2006

S/MIME Plugin 41 KB 11/22/2005
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Eudora 6.2.4 Setup 12.3 MB 10/11/2006
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README First! 12 KB 10/11/2006
Release Notes 5 KB 10/11/2006
User Manual (pdf) 8.26 MB 10/11/2006
Quick Start Guide (pdf) 443 KB 10/11/2006
New Features Guide (pdf) 1.5 MB 11/8/2004

How long will the download take? It depends greatly on your Internet connection. With a 56k dial-up modem, it will take approximately 40 minutes to download the Windows installer (approximately 25 minutes for the Macintosh installer).

Eudora for Mac OS 9? Eudora 6.1 is still available for download for Mac Classic users. Old Installers

Paid Mode Sponsored Mode Light Mode
No longer available for purchase

  • All existing Technical Support agreements continue to be honored
Only available in the versions above

  • Older versions revert to Light mode
  • No person-to-person technical support
Even fewer features

  • No person-to-person technical support
  • Upgrade instructions
  • What’s the difference between Paid and Sponsored Mode?
    Notice to OS X 10.5 ‘Leopard’ users:In order for Macintosh Eudora to work well under OS X 10.5.x ‘Leopard’, you need to turn off the use of specific sounds in Eudora. These are the sounds Eudora plays when you get new mail or Eudora needs your attention, or are played by Filters. The sounds that are problematic are the ones that contain ‘Eudora’ in their name as they were created using a sound synthesizer that Leopard does not support. To disable or change the sounds used in Eudora, do the following:

    Turn off or change the ‘New Mail’ and “Attention” sounds:

  • Open Eudora->Preferences and select the ‘Getting Attention’ panel
  • In the ‘Sounds’ section, for both ‘New mail sound’ and ‘Attention sound’, select a sound OTHER than one that has ‘Eudora’ in its name (ie. NOT ‘Eudora Attention’, ‘Eudora New Mail’ nor ‘Eudora Short Warning’)
  • Click OK to the close the PreferencesTurn off sounds triggered by filters:
  • Open Window->Filters
  • Look through all your filters for filters that have a ‘Play Sound’ action.
  • Select a sound that does NOT have ‘Eudora’ in its name, or disable sounds all together by selecting ‘None’ from the action popup menu.
  • http://www.oldversion.com/download-Eudora-7.1.0.9.html

 



The Disappearing Rainforests

    • We are losing Earth’s greatest biological treasures just as we are beginning to appreciate their true value. Rainforests once covered 14% of the earth’s land surface; now they cover a mere 6% and experts estimate that the last remaining rainforests could be consumed in less than 40 years.

 

    • One and one-half acres of rainforest are lost every second with tragic consequences for both developing and industrial countries.

 

    • Rainforests are being destroyed because the value of rainforest land is perceived as only the value of its timber by short-sighted governments, multi-national logging companies, and land owners.

 

    • Nearly half of the world’s species of plants, animals and microorganisms will be destroyed or severely threatened over the next quarter century due to rainforest deforestation.

 

    • Experts estimates that we are losing 137 plant, animal and insect species every single day due to rainforest deforestation. That equates to 50,000 species a year. As the rainforest species disappear, so do many possible cures for life-threatening diseases. Currently, 121 prescription drugs sold worldwide come from plant-derived sources. While 25% of Western pharmaceuticals are derived from rainforest ingredients, less that 1% of these tropical trees and plants have been tested by scientists.

 

    • Most rainforests are cleared by chainsaws, bulldozers and fires for its timber value and then are followed by farming and ranching operations, even by world giants like Mitsubishi Corporation, Georgia Pacific, Texaco and Unocal.

 

    • There were an estimated ten million Indians living in the Amazonian Rainforest five centuries ago. Today there are less than 200,000.

 

    • In Brazil alone, European colonists have destroyed more than 90 indigenous tribes since the 1900′s. With them have gone centuries of accumulated knowledge of the medicinal value of rainforest species. As their homelands continue to be destroyed by deforestation, rainforest peoples are also disappearing.

 

    • Most medicine men and shamans remaining in the Rainforests today are 70 years old or more. Each time a rainforest medicine man dies, it is as if a library has burned down.

 

    • When a medicine man dies without passing his arts on to the next generation, the tribe and the world loses thousands of years of irreplaceable knowledge about medicinal plants.

 

The Wealth of the Rainforests

 

    • The Amazon Rainforest covers over a billion acres, encompassing areas in Brazil, Venezuela, Colombia and the Eastern Andean region of Ecuador and Peru. If Amazonia were a country, it would be the ninth largest in the world.

 

    • The Amazon Rainforest has been described as the “Lungs of our Planet” because it provides the essential environmental world service of continuously recycling carbon dioxide into oxygen. More than 20 percent of the world oxygen is produced in the Amazon Rainforest.

 

    • More than half of the world’s estimated 10 million species of plants, animals and insects live in the tropical rainforests. One-fifth of the world’s fresh water is in the Amazon Basin.

 

    • One hectare (2.47 acres) may contain over 750 types of trees and 1500 species of higher plants.

 

  • At least 80% of the developed world’s diet originated in the tropical rainforest. Its bountiful gifts to the world include fruits like avocados, coconuts, figs, oranges, lemons, grapefruit, bananas, guavas, pineapples, mangos and tomatoes; vegetables including corn, potatoes, rice, winter squash and yams; spices like black pepper, cayenne, chocolate, cinnamon, cloves, ginger, sugar cane, tumeric, coffee and vanilla and nuts including Brazil nuts and cashews.

 

    • At least 3000 fruits are found in the rainforests; of these only 200 are now in use in the Western World. The Indians of the rainforest use over 2,000.

 

    • Rainforest plants are rich in secondary metabolites, particularly alkaloids. Biochemists believe alkaloids protect plants from disease and insect attacks. Many alkaloids from higher plants have proven to be of medicinal value and benefit.

 

    • Currently, 121 prescription drugs currently sold worldwide come from plant-derived sources. And while 25% of Western pharmaceuticals are derived from rainforest ingredients, less than 1% of these tropical trees and plants have been tested by scientists.

 

    • The U.S. National Cancer Institute has identified 3000 plants that are active against cancer cells. 70% of these plants are found in the rainforest. Twenty-five percent of the active ingredients in today’s cancer-fighting drugs come from organisms found only in the rainforest.

 

    • Vincristine, extracted from the rainforest plant, periwinkle, is one of the world’s most powerful anticancer drugs. It has dramatically increased the survival rate for acute childhood leukemia since its discovery.

 

    • In 1983, there were no U.S. pharmaceutical manufacturers involved in research programs to discover new drugs or cures from plants. Today, over 100 pharmaceutical companies and several branches of the US government, including giants like Merck and The National Cancer Institute, are engaged in plant research projects for possible drugs and cures for viruses, infections, cancer, and even AIDS.

 

Rainforest Action

 

    • Experts agree that by leaving the rainforests intact and harvesting it’s many nuts, fruits, oil-producing plants, and medicinal plants, the rainforest has more economic value than if they were cut down to make grazing land for cattle or for timber.

 

    • The latest statistics show that rainforest land converted to cattle operations yields the land owner $60 per acre and if timber is harvested, the land is worth $400 per acre. However, if these renewable and sustainable resources are harvested, the land will yield the land owner $2,400 per acre.

 

    • If managed properly, the rainforest can provide the world’s need for these natural resources on a perpetual basis.

 

    • Promoting the use of these sustainable and renewable sources could stop the destruction of the rainforests. By creating a new source of income harvesting the medicinal plants, fruits nuts, oil and other sustainable resources, the rainforests is be more valuable alive than cut and burned.

 

  • Sufficient demand of sustainable and ecologically harvested rainforest products is necessary for preservation efforts to succeed. Purchasing sustainable rainforest products can effect positive change by creating a market for these products while supporting the native people’s economy and provides the economic solution and alternative to cutting the forest just for the value of its timber.

The following has been excerpted from the book, The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs (Square One Publishers, Inc. Garden City, NY 11040, © Copyrighted 2004) By Leslie Taylor

 

THE IMPORTANCE OF THE RAINFOREST

The beauty, majesty, and timelessness of a primary rainforest are indescribable. It is impossible to capture on film, to describe in words, or to explain to those who have never had the awe-inspiring experience of standing in the heart of a primary rainforest.

 

Rainforests have evolved over millions of years to turn into the incredibly complex environments they are today. Rainforests represent a store of living and breathing renewable natural resources that for eons, by virtue of their richness in both animal and plant species, have contributed a wealth of resources for the survival and well-being of humankind. These resources have included basic food supplies, clothing, shelter, fuel, spices, industrial raw materials, and medicine for all those who have lived in the majesty of the forest. However, the inner dynamics of a tropical rainforest is an intricate and fragile system. Everything is so interdependent that upsetting one part can lead to unknown damage or even destruction of the whole. Sadly, it has taken only a century of human intervention to destroy what nature designed to last forever.

 

The scale of human pressures on ecosystems everywhere has increased enormously in the last few decades. Since 1980 the global economy has tripled in size and the world population has increased by 30 percent. Consumption of everything on the planet has risen- at a cost to our ecosystems. In 2001, The World Resources Institute estimated that the demand for rice, wheat, and corn is expected to grow by 40% by 2020, increasing irrigation water demands by 50% or more. They further reported that the demand for wood could double by the year 2050; unfortunately, it is still the tropical forests of the world that supply the bulk of the world’s demand for wood.

 

In 1950, about 15 percent of the Earth’s land surface was covered by rainforest. Today, more than half has already gone up in smoke. In fewer than fifty years, more than half of the world’s tropical rainforests have fallen victim to fire and the chain saw, and the rate of destruction is still accelerating. Unbelievably, more than 200,000 acres of rainforest are burned every day. That is more than 150 acres lost every minute of every day, and 78 million acres lost every year! More than 20 percent of the Amazon rainforest is already gone, and much more is severely threatened as the destruction continues. It is estimated that the Amazon alone is vanishing at a rate of 20,000 square miles a year. If nothing is done to curb this trend, the entire Amazon could well be gone within fifty years.

 

Massive deforestation brings with it many ugly consequences-air and water pollution, soil erosion, malaria epidemics, the release of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, the eviction and decimation of indigenous Indian tribes, and the loss of biodiversity through extinction of plants and animals. Fewer rainforests mean less rain, less oxygen for us to breathe, and an increased threat from global warming.

 

But who is really to blame? Consider what we industrialized Americans have done to our own homeland. We converted 90 percent of North America’s virgin forests into firewood, shingles, furniture, railroad ties, and paper. Other industrialized countries have done no better. Malaysia, Indonesia, Brazil, and other tropical countries with rainforests are often branded as “environmental villains” of the world, mainly because of their reported levels of destruction of their rainforests. But despite the levels of deforestation, up to 60 percent of their territory is still covered by natural tropical forests. In fact, today, much of the pressures on their remaining rainforests comes from servicing the needs and markets for wood products in industrialized countries that have already depleted their own natural resources. Industrial countries would not be buying rainforest hardwoods and timber had we not cut down our own trees long ago, nor would poachers in the Amazon jungle be slaughtering jaguar, ocelot, caiman, and otter if we did not provide lucrative markets for their skins in Berlin, Paris, and Tokyo.

THE BIODIVERSITY OF THE RAINFOREST

Why should the loss of tropical forests be of any concern to us in light of our own poor management of natural resources? The loss of tropical rainforests has a profound and devastating impact on the world because rainforests are so biologically diverse, more so than other ecosystems (e.g., temperate forests) on Earth.

Consider these facts:

  • A single pond in Brazil can sustain a greater variety of fish than is found in all of Europe’s rivers.
  • A 25-acre plot of rainforest in Borneo may contain more than 700 species of trees – a number equal to the total tree diversity of North America.
  • A single rainforest reserve in Peru is home to more species of birds than are found in the entire United States.
  • One single tree in Peru was found to harbor forty-three different species of ants – a total that approximates the entire number of ant species in the British Isles.
  • The number of species of fish in the Amazon exceeds the number found in the entire Atlantic Ocean.

 

The biodiversity of the tropical rainforest is so immense that less than 1 percent of its millions of species have been studied by scientists for their active constituents and their possible uses. When an acre of topical rainforest is lost, the impact on the number of plant and animal species lost and their possible uses is staggering. Scientists estimate that we are losing more than 137 species of plants and animals every single day because of rainforest deforestation.

 

Surprisingly, scientists have a better understanding of how many stars there are in the galaxy than they have of how many species there are on Earth. Estimates vary from 2 million to 100 million species, with a best estimate of somewhere near 10 million; only 1.4 million of these species have actually been named. Today, rainforests occupy only 2 percent of the entire Earth’s surface and 6 percent of the world’s land surface, yet these remaining lush rainforests support over half of our planet’s wild plants and trees and one-half of the world’s wildlife. Hundreds and thousands of these rainforest species are being extinguished before they have even been identified, much less catalogued and studied. The magnitude of this loss to the world was most poignantly described by Harvard’s Pulitzer Prize-winning biologist Edward O. Wilson over a decade ago:

 

“The worst thing that can happen during the 1980s is not energy depletion, economic collapses, limited nuclear war, or conquest by a totalitarian government. As terrible as these catastrophes would be for us, they can be repaired within a few generations. The one process ongoing in the 1980s that will take millions of years to correct is the loss of genetic and species diversity by the destruction of natural habitats. This is the folly that our descendants are least likely to forgive us for.”

 

Yet still the destruction continues. If deforestation continues at current rates, scientists estimate nearly 80 to 90 percent of tropical rainforest ecosystems will be destroyed by the year 2020. This destruction is the main force driving a species extinction rate unmatched in 65 million years.

THE AMAZON RAINFOREST . . . THE LAST FRONTIER ON EARTH

If Amazonia were a country, it would be the ninth largest in the world. The Amazon rainforest, the world’s greatest remaining natural resource, is the most powerful and bioactively diverse natural phenomenon on the planet. It has been described as the “lungs of our planet” because it provides the essential service of continuously recycling carbon dioxide into oxygen. It is estimated that more than 20 percent of Earth’s oxygen is produced in this area.

 

The Amazon covers more than 1.2 billion acres, representing two-fifths of the enormous South American continent, and is found in nine South American countries: Brazil, Colombia, Peru, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, French Guiana, and Suriname. With 2.5 million square miles of rainforest, the Amazon rainforest represents 54 percent of the total rainforests left on Earth.

The Amazon River

 

The life force of the Amazon rainforest is the mighty Amazon River. It starts as a trickle high in the snow-capped Andes Mountains and flows more than 4,000 miles across the South American continent until it enters the Atlantic Ocean at Belem, Brazil, where it is 200 to 300 miles across, depending on the season. Even 1,000 miles inland it is still 7 miles wide. The river is so deep that ocean liners can travel up its length to 2,300 miles inland. The Amazon River flows through the center of the rainforest and is fed by 1,100 tributaries, 17 of which are more than 1,000 miles long. The Amazon is by far the largest watershed and largest river system in the world occupying over 6 million square kilometers. Over two-thirds of all the fresh water found on Earth is in the Amazon Basin’s rivers, streams, and tributaries.

 

With so much water it’s not unusual that the main mode of transportation throughout the area is by boat. The smallest and most common boats used today are still made out of hollowed tree trunks, whether they are powered by outboard motors or more often by human-powered paddles. Almost 14,000 miles of Amazon waterway are navigable, and several million miles through swamps and forests are penetrable by canoe. The enormous Amazon River carries massive amounts of silt from runoff from the rainforest floor. Massive amounts of silt deposited at the mouth of the Amazon River has created the largest river island in the world-Marajo Island, which is roughly the size of Switzerland. With this massive freshwater system, it is not unusual that life beneath the water is as abundant and diverse as the surrounding rainforest’s plant and animal species. More than 2,000 species of fish have been identified in the Amazon Basin – more species than in the entire Atlantic Ocean.

Largest Collection of Plant and Animal Species

The Amazon Basin was formed in the Paleozoic period, somewhere between 500 million and 200 million years ago. The extreme age of the region in geologic terms has much to do with the relative infertility of the rainforest soil and the richness and unique diversity of the plant and animal life. There are more fertile areas in the Amazon River’s flood plain, where the river deposits richer soil brought from the Andes, which only formed 20 million years ago.

 

The Amazon rainforest contains the largest collection of living plant and animal species in the world. The diversity of plant species in the Amazon rainforest is the highest on Earth. It is estimated that a single hectare (2.47 acres) of Amazon rainforest contains about 900 tons of living plants, including more than 750 types of trees and 1500 other plants. The Andean mountain range and the Amazon jungle are home to more than half of the world’s species of flora and fauna; in fact, one in five of all the birds in the world live in the rainforests of the Amazon. To date, some 438,000 species of plants of economic and social interest have been registered in the region, and many more have yet to be catalogued or even discovered.

Scarring and Loss of Diversity

Once a vast sea of tropical forest, the Amazon rainforest today is scarred by roads, farms, ranches, and dams. Brazil is gifted with a full third of the world’s remaining rainforests; unfortunately, it is also one of the world’s great rainforest destroyers, burning or felling more than 2.7 million acres each year. More than 20 percent of rainforest in the Amazon has been razed and is gone forever. This ocean of green, nearly as large as Australia, is the last great rainforest in the known universe and it is being decimated like the others before it. Why? Like other rainforests already lost forever, the land is being cleared for logging timber, large-scale cattle ranching, mining operations, government road building and hydroelectric schemes, military operations, and the subsistence agriculture of peasants and landless settlers. Sadder still, in many places the rainforests are burnt simply to provide charcoal to power industrial plants in the area.

THE DRIVING FORCES OF DESTRUCTION

Commercial logging is the single largest cause of rainforest destruction, both directly and indirectly. Other activities destroying the rainforest, including clearing land for grazing animals and subsistence farming. The simple fact is that people are destroying the Amazon rainforest and the rest of the rainforests of the world because “they can’t see the forest for the trees.”

Logging for Tropical Hardwoods

Logging tropical hardwoods like teak, mahogany, rosewood, and other timber for furniture, building materials, charcoal, and other wood products is big business and big profits. Several species of tropical hardwoods are imported by developed counties, including the United States, just to build coffins that are then buried or burned. The demand, extraction, and consumption of tropical hardwoods has been so massive that some countries that have been traditional exporters of tropical hardwoods are now importing them because they have already exhausted their supply by destroying their native rainforests in slash-and-burn operations. It is anticipated that the Philippines, Malaysia, the Ivory Coast, Nigeria, and Thailand will soon follow, as all these countries will run out of rainforest hardwood timber for export within five years. Japan is the largest importer of tropical woods. Despite recent reductions, Japan’s average tropical timber import of 11 million cubic meters annually is still gluttonous. The demand for tropical hardwood timber is damaging to the ecological, biological, and social fabric of tropical lands and is clearly unsustainable for any length of time.

 

Behind the hardwood logger come others down the same roads built to transport the timber. The cardboard packing and the wood chipboard industries use 15-ton machines that gobble up the rainforest with 8-foot cutting discs that have eight blades revolving 320 times a minute. These machines that cut entire trees into chips half the size of a matchbox can gobble up more than 200 species of trees in mere minutes.

 

Logging rainforest timber is a large economic source, and in many cases, the main source of revenue for servicing the national debt of these developing countries. Logging profits are real to these countries that must service their debts, but they are fleeting. Governments are selling their assets too cheaply, and once the rainforest is gone, their source of income will also be gone. Sadly, most of the real profits of the timber trade are made not by the developing countries, but by multinational companies and industrialists of the Northern Hemisphere. These huge, profit-driven logging companies pay governments a fraction of the timber’s worth for large logging concessions on immense tracts of rainforest land and reap huge profits by harvesting the timber in the most economical manner feasible with little regard to the destruction left in their wake.

 

Logging concessions in the Amazon are sold for as little as $2 per acre, with logging companies felling timber worth thousands of dollars per acre. Governments are selling their natural resources, hawking for pennies resources that soon will be worth billions of dollars. Some of these government concessions and land deals made with industrialists make the sale of Manhattan for $24 worth of trinkets look shrewd. In 1986 a huge industrial timber corporation bought thousands of acres in the Borneo rainforest by giving 2,000 Malaysian dollars to twelve longhouses of local tribes. This sum amounted to the price of two bottles of beer for each member of the community. Since then, this company and others have managed to extract and destroy about a third of the Borneo rainforest – about 6.9 million acres – and the local tribes have been evicted from the area or forced to work for the logging companies at slave wages.

Fuel Wood and the Paper Industry

In addition to being logged for exportation, rainforest wood stays in developing countries for fuel wood and charcoal. One single steel plant in Brazil making steel for Japanese cars needs millions of tons of wood each year to produce charcoal that can be used in the manufacture of steel. Then, there is the paper industry.

 

One pulpwood project in the Brazilian Amazon consists of a Japanese power plant and pulp mill. To set up this single plant operation, 5,600 square miles of Amazon rainforest were burned to the ground and replanted with pulpwood trees. This single manufacturing plant consumes 2,000 tons of surrounding rainforest wood every day to produce 55 megawatts of electricity to run the plant. The plant, which has been in operation since 1978, produces more than 750 tons of pulp for paper every 24 hours, worth approximately $500,000, and has built 2,800 miles of roads through the Amazon rainforest to be used by its 700 vehicles. In addition to this pulp mill, the world’s biggest pulp mill is the Aracruz mill in Brazil. Its two units produce 1 million tons of pulp a year, harvesting the rainforest to keep the plant in business and displacing thousands of indigenous tribes. Where does all this pulp go? Aracruz’s biggest customers are the United States, Belgium, Great Britain, and Japan. More and more rainforest is destroyed to meet the demands of the developed world’s paper industry, which requires a staggering 200 million tons of wood each year simply to make paper. If the present rate continues, it is estimated that the paper industry alone will consume 4 billion tons of wood annually by the year 2020.

 

Once an area of rainforest has been logged, even if it is given the rare chance to regrow, it can never become what it once was. The intricate ecosystem nature devised is lost forever. Only 1 to 2 percent of light at the top of a rainforest canopy manages to reach the forest floor below. Most times when timber is harvested, trees and other plants that have evolved over centuries to grow in the dark, humid environment below the canopy simply cannot live out in the open, and as a result, the plants and animals (that depend on the plants) of the original forest become extinct Even if only sections of land throughout an area are destroyed, these remnants change drastically. Birds and other animals cannot cross from one remnant of land to another in the canopy, so plants are not pollinated, seeds are not dispersed by the animals, and the plants around the edges are not surrounded by the high jungle humidity they need to grow properly. As a result, the remnants slowly become degraded and die. Rains come and wash away the thin topsoil that was previously protected by the canopy, and this barren, infertile land is vulnerable to erosion. Sometimes the land is replanted in African grasses for cattle operations; other times more virgin rainforest is destroyed for cattle operations because grass planted on recently burned land has a better chance to grow.

Grazing Land

As the demand in the Western world for cheap meat increases, more and more rainforests are destroyed to provide grazing land for animals. In Brazil alone, there are an estimated 220 million head of cattle, 20 million goats, 60 million pigs, and 700 million chickens. Most of Central and Latin America’s tropical and temperate rainforests have been lost to cattle operations to meet the world demand, and still the cattle operations continue to move southward into the heart of the South American rainforests. To graze one steer in Amazonia takes two full acres. Most of the ranchers in the Amazon operate at a loss, yielding only paper profits purely as tax shelters. Ranchers’ fortunes are made only when ranching is supported by government giveaways. A banker or rich landowner in Brazil can slash and burn a huge tract of land in the Amazon rainforest, seed it with grass for cattle, and realize millions of dollars worth of government-subsidized loans, tax credits, and write-offs in return for developing the land. These government development schemes rarely make a profit, as they are actually selling cheap beef to industrialized nations. One single cattle operation in Brazil that was co-owned by British Barclays Bank and one of Brazil’s wealthiest families was responsible for the destruction of almost 500,000 acres of virgin rainforest. The cattle operation never made a profit, but government write-offs sheltered huge logging profits earned off of logging other land in the Brazilian rainforest owned by the same investors. These generous tax and credit incentives have created more than 29 million acres of large cattle ranches in the Brazilian Amazon, even though the typical ranch could cover less than half its costs without these subsidies. Even these grazing lands don’t last forever. Soon the lack of nutrients in the soil and overgrazing degrade them, and they are abandoned for newly cleared land. In Brazil alone, more than 63,000 square miles of land has reportedly been abandoned in this way.

Subsistence Farming

This type of government-driven destruction of rainforest land is promoted by a common attitude among governments in rainforest regions, an attitude that the forest is an economic resource to be harnessed to aid in the development of their countries. The same attitudes that accompanied the colonization of our own frontier are found today in Brazil and other countries with wild and unharnessed rainforest wilderness. These beliefs are exemplified by one Brazilian official’s public statement that “not until all Amazonas is colonized by real Brazilians, not Indians, can we truly say we own it.” Were we Americans any different with our own colonization, decimating the North American Indian tribes? Like Brazil, we sent out a call to all the world that America had land for the landless in an effort to increase colonization of our country at the expense of our indigenous Indian tribes. And like the first American colonists, colonization in the rainforest really means subsistence farming.

 

Subsistence farming has for centuries been a driving force in the loss of rainforest land. And as populations explode in Third-World countries in South America and the Far East, the impact has been profound. By tradition, wildlands and unsettled lands in the rainforest are free to those who clear the forest and till the soil. “Squatter’s rights” still prevail, and poor, hungry people show little enthusiasm for arguments about the value of biodiversity or the plight of endangered species when they struggle daily to feed their families. These landless peasants and settlers follow the logging companies down the roads they’ve built to extract timber into untouched rainforest lands, burning off whatever the logging companies left behind.

 

The present approach to rainforest cultivation produces wealth for a few, but only for a short time, because farming burned-off tracts of Amazon rainforest seldom works for long. Less than 10 percent of Amazonian soils are suitable for sustained conventional agriculture. However lush they look, rainforests often flourish on such nutrient-poor soils that they are essentially “wet deserts,” easier to damage and harder to cultivate than any other soil. Most are exhausted by the time they have produced three or four crops. Many of the thousands of homesteaders who migrated from Brazil’s cities to the wilds of the rainforest, responding to the government’s call of “land without men for men without land,” have already had to abandon their depleted farms and move on, leaving behind fields of baked clay dotted with stagnant pools of polluted water. Experts agree that the path to conservation begins with helping these local residents meet their own daily needs. Because of the infertility of the soil, and the lack of knowledge of sustainable cultivation practices, this type of agriculture strips the soil of nutrients within a few harvests, and the farmers continue to move farther into the rainforest in search of new land. They must be helped and educated to break free of the need to continually clear rainforest in search of fresh, fertile land if the rainforest is to be saved.

Leading the Threat: Governments

Directly and indirectly, the leading threats to rainforest ecosystems are governments and their unbridled, unplanned, and uncoordinated development of natural resources. The 2000-2001 World Resources Report put out by the United Nations reported that governments worldwide spend $700 billion dollars a year supporting and subsidizing environmentally unsound practices in the use of water, agriculture, energy, and transportation. In the Amazon, rainforest timber exports and large-scale development projects go a long way in servicing national debt in many developing countries, which is why governments and international aid-lending institutions like the World Bank subsidize them. In the tropics, governments own or control nearly 80 percent of tropical forests, so these forests stand or fall according to government policy; and in many countries, government policies lie behind the wastage of forest resources. Besides the tax incentives and credit subsidies that guarantee large profits to private investors who convert forests to pastures and farms, governments allow private concessionaires to log the national forests on terms that induce uneconomic or wasteful uses of the public domain. Massive public expenditures on highways, dams, plantations, and agricultural settlements, too often supported by multilateral development lending, convert or destroy large areas of forest for projects of questionable economic worth.

 

Tropical countries are among the poorest countries on Earth. Brazil alone spends 40 percent of its annual income simply servicing its loans, and the per capita income of Brazil’s people is less than $2,000 annually. Sadly, these numbers don’t even represent an accurate picture in the Amazon because Brazil is one of the richer countries in South America. These struggling Amazonian countries must also manage the most complex, delicate, and valuable forests remaining on the planet, and the economic and technological resources available to them are limited. They must also endure a dramatic social and economic situation, as well as deeply adverse terms of trade and financial relationships with industrial countries. Under such conditions, the possibility of their reaching sustainable models of development alone is virtually nil.

 

There is a clear need for industrial countries to sincerely and effectively assist the tropics in a quest for sustainable forest management and development if the remaining rainforests are to be saved. The governments of these developing countries need help in learning how to manage and protect their natural resources for long-term profits, while still managing to service their debts, and they must be given the incentives and tools to do so. Programs to redefine the timber concessions so concessionaires have greater incentives to guard the long-term health of the forest and programs to revive and expand community-based forestry schemes, which ensure more rational use of forests and a better life for the people who live near them, must be developed.

 

First-World capital must seek out opportunities to partner with organizations that have the technical expertise to guide these programs of sustainable economic development. In addition, programs teaching techniques for sustainable harvesting practices and identifying profitable, yet sustainable, forest products can enable developing countries to improve the standard of living for their people, service national debt, and contribute meaningfully to land use planning and conservation of natural resources.

RAINFORESTS, PHARMACY TO THE WORLD

It is estimated that nearly half of the world’s estimated 10 million species of plants, animals, and microorganisms will be destroyed or severely threatened over the next quarter-century due to rainforest deforestation. Edward O. Wilson estimates that we are losing 137 plant and animal species every single day. That’s 50,000 species a year! Again, why should we in the United States be concerned about the destruction of distant tropical rainforests? Because rainforest plants are complex chemical storehouses that contain many undiscovered biodynamic compounds with unrealized potential for use in modern medicine. We can gain access to these materials only if we study and conserve the species that contain them.

Key to Tomorrow’s Cures?

Rainforests currently provide sources for one-fourth of today’s medicines, and 70 percent of the plants found to have anticancer properties are found only in the rainforest. The rainforest and its immense undiscovered biodiversity hold the key to unlocking tomorrow’s cures for devastating diseases. How many cures for devastating disease have we already lost?

 

Two drugs obtained from a rainforest plant known as the Madagascar periwinkle, now extinct in the wild due to deforestation of the Madagascar rainforest, have increased the chances of survival for children with leukemia from 20 percent to 80 percent. Think about it: eight out of ten children are now saved, rather than eight of ten children dying from leukemia. How many children have been spared and how many more will continue to be spared because of this single rainforest plant? What if we had failed to discover this one important plant among millions before human activities had led to its extinction? When our remaining rainforests are gone, the rare plants and animals will be lost forever-and so will the possible cures for diseases like cancer they can provide.

 

No one can challenge the fact that we are still largely dependent on plants for treating our ailments. Almost 90 percent of people in developing countries still rely on traditional medicine, based largely on different species of plants and animals, for their primary health care. In the United States, some 25 percent of prescriptions are filled with drugs whose active ingredients are extracted or derived from plants. By 1980 sales of these plant-based drugs in the United States amounted to some $4.5 billion annually. Worldwide sales of these plant-based drugs were estimated at $40 billion in 1990. Currently 121 prescription drugs sold worldwide come from plant-derived sources from only 90 species of plants. Still more drugs are derived from animals and microorganisms.

 

More than 25 percent of the active ingredients in today’s cancer-fighting drugs come from organisms found only in the rainforest. The U.S. National Cancer Institute has identified more than 3,000 plants that are active against cancer cells, and 70 percent of these plants are found only in the rainforest. In the thousands of species of rainforest plants that have not been analyzed are many more thousands of unknown plant chemicals, many of which have evolved to protect the plants from diseases. These plant chemicals may well help us in our own ongoing struggle with constantly evolving pathogens, including bacteria, viruses, and fungi that are mutating against our mainstream drugs and becoming resistant to them. These pathogens cause serious diseases, including hepatitis, pneumonia, tuberculosis, and HIV, all of which are becoming more difficult to treat. Experts now believe that if there is a cure for cancer and even AIDS, it will probably be found in the rainforest.

Bioprospecting

In 1983, there were no U.S. pharmaceutical manufacturers involved in research programs to discover new drugs or cures from plants. Today, more than 100 pharmaceutical companies, including giants like Merck, Abbott, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Eli Lilly, Monsanto, Smith-Kline Beecham, as well as several branches of the U.S. government, including the National Cancer Institute, are engaged in plant-based research projects trying to find possible drugs to treat infections, cancer, and AIDS. Most of this research is currently taking place in the rainforest in an industry that is now called “bioprospecting.” This new pharmacological industry draws together an unlikely confederacy: plant collectors and anthropologists; ecologists and conservationists; natural product companies and nutritional supplement manufacturers; AIDS and cancer researchers; executives in the world’s largest drug companies; and native indigenous shamans. They are part of a radical experiment: to preserve the world’s rainforests by showing how much more valuable they are standing than cut down. And it is a race against a clock whose every tick means another acre of charred forest. Yet, it is also a race that pits one explorer against another, for those who score the first big hit in chemical bioprospecting will secure wealth and a piece of scientific immortality.

 

In November 1991, Merck Pharmaceutical Company announced a landmark agreement to obtain samples of wild plants and animals for drug-screening purposes from Costa Rica’s National Biodiversity Institute (INBio); the program is still ongoing today. Spurred by this and other biodiversity prospecting ventures, interest in the commercial value of plant genetic and biochemical resources is burgeoning today. While the Merck-INBio agreement provides a fascinating example of a private partnership that contributes to rural economic development, rainforest conservation, and technology transfer, virtually no precedent exists for national policies and legislation to govern and regulate what amounts to a brand new industry.

 

Since wealth and technology are as concentrated in most of the North as biodiversity and poverty are in much of the South, the question of equity is particularly hard to answer in ways that satisfy everyone with a stake in the outcome. The interests of bioprospecting corporations are not the same as those of people who live in a biodiversity “hot spot,” many of them barely eking out a living. As the search for wild species whose genes can yield new medicines and better crops gathers momentum, these rich habitats also sport more and more bioprospectors. Like the nineteenth-century California gold rush or its present-day counterpart in Brazil, this “gene rush” could wreak havoc on ecosystems and the people living in or near them. Done properly, however, bioprospecting can bolster both economic and conservation goals while underpinning the medical and agricultural advances needed to combat disease and sustain growing populations.

 

The majority of our current plant-derived drugs were discovered by examining the traditional use of plants by the indigenous people who lived where the plants grew and flourished. History has shown that the situation with the rainforest is no different, and bioprospectors now are working side by side with rainforest tribal shamans and herbal healers to learn the wealth of their plant knowledge and about the many uses of indigenous plants.

UNLOCKING THE SECRETS OF THE RAINFOREST

After the Amerindians discovered America, about twenty millennia before Columbus, all their clothing, food, medicine, and shelter were derived from the forests. Those millennia gave the Indians time to discover and learn empirically the virtues and vices of the thousands of edible and medicinal species in the rainforest. More than 80 percent of the developed world’s diet originated in the rainforest and from this empirical indigenous knowledge of the wealth of edible fruits, vegetables, and nuts. Of the estimated 3,000 edible fruits found in the rainforest, only 200 are cultivated for use today, despite the fact that the Indians used more than 1,500. Many secrets and untold treasures about the medicinal plants used by shamans, healers, and the indigenous people of the rainforest tribes await discovery. Long regarded as hocus-pocus by science, the empirical plant knowledge of the indigenous peoples is now thought by many to be the Amazon’s new gold. Their use of the plants provides the bioprospector with the clues necessary to target specific species to research in the race for time before the species are lost to deforestation. More often, the race is defined as being the first pharmaceutical company to patent a new drug utilizing a newly discovered rainforest phytochemical-and, of course, to garner the profits.

Indigenous People, A Valuable Resource

Laboratory synthesis of new medicines is increasingly costly and not as fruitful as companies would like. In the words of one major drug company executive, “Scientists may be able to make any molecule they can imagine on a computer, but Mother Nature . . . is an infinitely more ingenious and exciting chemist.” Scientists have developed new technologies to assess the chemical makeup of plants, and they realize that using medicinal plants identified by Indians makes research more efficient and less expensive. With these new trends, drug development has actually returned to its roots: traditional medicine. It is now understood by bioprospectors that the tribal peoples of the rainforest represent the key to finding new and useful tropical forest plants. The degree to which these indigenous people understand and are able to use this diversity sustainably is astounding. A single Amazonian tribe of Indians may use more than 200 species of plants for medicinal purposes alone.

 

Of the 121 pharmaceutical drugs that are plant-derived today, 74 percent were discovered through follow-up research to verify the authenticity of information concerning the medical uses of the plant by indigenous peoples. Nevertheless, to this day, very few rainforest tribes have been subjected to a complete ethnobotanical analysis. Robert Goodland of the World Bank wrote, “Indigenous knowledge is essential for the use, identification and cataloguing of the [tropical] biota. As tribal groups disappear, their knowledge vanishes with them. The preservation of these groups is a significant economic opportunity for the [developing] nation, not a luxury.”

 

Since Amazonian Indians are often the only ones who know both the properties of these plants and how they can best be used, their knowledge is now considered an essential component of all efforts to conserve and develop the rainforest. Since failure to document this lore would represent a tremendous economic and scientific loss to the industrialized world, the bioprospectors are now working side by side with the rainforest tribal shamans and herbal healers to learn the wealth of their plant knowledge. But bioprospecting has a dark side. Indian knowledge that has resisted the pressure of “modernization” is being used by bioprospectors who, like oil companies and loggers destroying the forests, threaten to leave no benefits behind them.

But Few Benefits for the Indigenous People

It’s a noble idea-the ethnobotanist working with the Indians seeking a cure for cancer or even AIDS, like Sean Connery in the movie Medicine Man. Yet behind this lurks a system that, at its worst, steals the Indian knowledge to benefit CEOs, stockholders, and academic careers and reputations. The real goal of these powerful bioprospectors is to target novel and active phytochemicals for medical applications, synthesize them in a laboratory, and have them patented for subsequent drug manufacture and resulting profits. In this process, many active and beneficial plants have been found in the shaman’s medicine chest, only to be discarded when it was found that the active ingredients of the plant numbered too many to be cost effectively synthesized into a patentable drug. It doesn’t matter how active or beneficial the plant is or how long the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) process might take to approve the new drug; if the bioprospector can’t capitalize on it, the public will rarely hear about a plant’s newly discovered benefits. The fact is there is a lot of money at stake. In an article published in Economic Botany, Dr. Robert Mendelsohn, an economist at Yale University, and Dr. Michael J. Balick, director of the Institute of Economic Botany at the New York Botanical Gardens, estimate the minimum number of pharmaceutical drugs potentially remaining to be extracted from the rainforests. It is staggering! They estimate that there are at least 328 new drugs that still await discovery in the rainforest, with a potential value of $3 billion to $4 billion to a private pharmaceutical company and as much as $147 billion to society as a whole.

 

While the indigenous Indian shamans go about their daily lives caring for the well-being of their tribe, the shaman’s rainforest medicines are being tested, synthesized, patented, and submitted for FDA approval in U.S. laboratories thousands of miles away. Soon children with viral infections, adults with herpes, cancer patients, and many others may benefit from new medicines from the Amazon rainforest. But what will the indigenous tribes see of these wonderful new medicines? As corporations rush to patent indigenous medicinal knowledge, the originating indigenous communities receive few, if any, benefits.

LOSING THE KNOWLEDGE

The destruction of the rainforest has followed the pattern of seeing natural land and natural world peoples as resources to be used, and seeing wilderness as idle, empty, and unproductive. Destruction of our rainforests is not only causing the extinction of plant and animal species, it is also wiping out indigenous peoples who live in the rainforest. Obviously, rainforests are not idle land, nor are they uninhabited. Indigenous peoples have developed technologies and resource use systems that have allowed them to live on the land, farming, hunting, and gathering in a complex sustainable relationship with the forest. But when rainforests die, so do the indigenous peoples.

 

In 1500 there were an estimated 6 million to 9 million indigenous people inhabiting the rainforests in Brazil. When Western and European cultures were drawn to Brazil’s Amazon in the hopes of finding riches beyond comprehension and artifacts from civilizations that have long since expired with the passage of time, they left behind decimated cultures in their ravenous wake. By 1900 there were only 1 million indigenous people left in Brazil’s Amazon. Although the fabled Fountain of Youth was never discovered, many treasures in gold and gems were spirited away by the more successful invaders of the day, and the indigenous inhabitants of the rainforest bore the brunt of these marauding explorers and conquistadors.

 

Today there are fewer than 250,000 indigenous people of Brazil surviving this catastrophe, and still the destruction continues. These surviving indigenous people still demonstrate the remarkable diversity of the rainforest because they comprise 215 ethnic groups with 170 different languages. Nationwide, they live in 526 territories, which together compose an area of 190 million acres . . . twice the size of California. About 188 million acres of this land is inside the Brazilian Amazon, in the states of Acre, Amapa, Amazonas, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Para, Rondonia, Roraima, and Tocantins. There may also be 50 or more indigenous groups still living in the depths of the rainforest that have never had contact with the outside world.

 

Throughout the rainforest, forest-dwelling peoples whose age-old traditions allow them to live in and off the forest without destroying it are losing out to cattle ranching, logging, hydroelectric projects, large-scale farms, mining, and colonization schemes. About half of the original Amazonian tribes have already been completely destroyed. The greatest threat to Brazil’s remaining tribal people, most of whom live in the Amazon rainforest, is the invasion of their territory by ranchers, miners, and land speculators and the conflicts that follow. Thousands of peasants, rubber tappers, and indigenous tribes have been killed in Amazonia in the past decade in violent conflicts over forest resources and land.

 

As their homelands continue to be invaded and destroyed, rainforest people and their cultures are disappearing. When these indigenous peoples are lost forever, gone too will be their empirical knowledge representing centuries of accumulated knowledge of the medicinal value of plant and animal species in the rainforest. Very few tribes have been subjected to a complete ethnobotanical analysis of their plant knowledge, and most medicine men and shamans remaining in the rainforests today are seventy years old or more. When a medicine man dies without passing his arts on to the next generation, the tribe and the world lose thousands of years of irreplaceable knowledge about medicinal plants. Each time a rainforest medicine man dies, it is as if a library has burned down.

THE SOLUTION: PROFITS WITHOUT PLUNDER

The problem and the solution of the destruction of the rainforest are both economic. Governments need money to service their debts, squatters and settlers need money to feed their families, and companies need to make profits. The simple fact is that the rainforest is being destroyed for the income and profits it yields, however fleeting. Money still makes the world go around . . . even in South America and even in the rainforest. But this also means that if landowners, governments, and those living in the rainforest today were given a viable economic reason not to destroy the rainforest, it could and would be saved. And this viable economic alternative does exist, and it is working today. Many organizations have demonstrated that if the medicinal plants, fruits, nuts, oils, and other resources like rubber, chocolate, and chicle (used to make chewing gums) are harvested sustainably, rainforest land has much more economic value today and more long-term income and profits for the future than if just timber is harvested or burned down for cattle or farming operations. In fact, the latest statistics prove that rainforest land converted to cattle operations yields the landowner $60 per acre; if timber is harvested, the land is worth $400 per acre. However, if medicinal plants, fruits, nuts, rubber, chocolate, and other renewable and sustainable resources are harvested, the land will yield the landowner $2,400 per acre. This value provides an income not only today, but year after year – for generations. These sustainable resources – not the trees – are the true wealth of the rainforest.

 

This is no longer a theory. It is a fact, and it is being implemented today. Just as important, to wild-harvest the wealth of sustainable rainforest resources effectively, local people and indigenous tribes must be employed. Today entire communities and tribes earn five to ten times more money in wild-harvesting medicinal plants, fruits, nuts, and oils than they can earn by chopping down the forest for subsistence crops. This much-needed income source creates the awareness and economic incentive for this population in the rainforest to protect and preserve the forests for long-term profits for themselves and their children and is an important solution in saving the rainforest from destruction.

 

When the timber is harvested for short-term gain and profits, the medicinal plants, nuts, oils, and other important sustainable resources that thrive in this delicate ecosystem are destroyed. The real solution to saving the rainforest is to make its inhabitants see the forest and the trees by creating a consumer demand and consumer markets for these sustainable rainforest products . . . markets that are larger and louder than today’s tropical timber market . . . markets that will put as much money in their pockets and government coffers as the timber companies do . . . markets that will give them the economic incentive to protect their sustainable resources for long-term profits, rather than short-term gain.

 

This is the only solution that makes a real impact, and it can make a real difference. Each and every person in the United States can take a part in this solution by helping to create this consumer market and demand for sustainable rainforest products. By purchasing renewable and sustainable rainforest products and resources and demanding sustainable harvesting of these resources using local communities and indigenous tribes of the rainforests, we all can be part of the solution, and the rainforests of the world and their people can be saved.

Sensex tumbles by 891 points to 14-month low on global worries

Fears of possible recession in the US and acute debt problems in the euro zone gripped investors the world over, pulling down the BSE benchmark Sensex by 891 points during the week under review to 14-month low of 17,305.87.   In addition, the market sentiment remained weak on worries over likely slowdown in corporate earnings due to higher interest rates. Investors have been selling stocks since RBI hiked its key interest rates last week for the 11th time since March, 2010, to tame stubbornly high inflation. Worries over global economies going into the slow mode added to investor woes the world over.Asian stocks tumbled after a meltdown on Wall Street, triggered by concerns that the US economy might slip into recession.All the 13 sectoral indices recorded major losses with stocks of IT, metals, realty, financial, oil and gas, and capital goods sector leading the fall.The 30-share BSE index plummeted by 891.33 points, or 4.90 %, to finish the week at 17,305.87, the level last seen on June 10, last year. It is also the biggest weekly point-wise fall since the last week of October 2009, when it had tumbled by 914.53 points, or 5.44 %.Similarly, The broad-based NSE 50-issue Nifty plunged 270.75 points, or 4.94 %, to end at 5,211.25 — the level not seen since June 14, 2010, when it had closed at 5,197.70.Selling by foreign institutional investors also spooked the market.From the 30 share Sensex pack, 28 stocks fell and only 2 rose during the week.Auto shares fell on Finance minister Pranab Mukherjee’s statement that the government may look at charging higher diesel prices for luxury cars and commercial users to ensure they don’t benefit from a policy designed to help the needy.Among the major indices the BSE-Realty fell by 7.47 %, followed by the BSE-Metal (6.81 %), the BSE-IT (6.45 %), the BSE-Capital Goods (5.52 %), the BSE-Consumer Durable (5.36 %), the BSE-Auto (5.09 %) and the Bankex (4.94 %).Sterlite Industries slumped 11.35 % to Rs 141.75 and was the top loser from the Sensex pack. The stock hit a 52-week low of Rs 138.Index heavyweight Reliance Industries (RIL) lost 4.36 % to Rs 791.65. The stock hit a 52-week low of Rs 778.55 on Friday.Other losers were Reliance Communications (9.30 %), DLF (8.94 %), M&M (8.80 %), Jaiprakash Associates (8.77 %), Jindal Steel (7.56 %),ICICI Bank (6.90 %), TCS (6.85 %), BHEL (6.65 %), Infosys (6.37 %), Tata Motors (6.11 %) and ITC (5.66 %).However, ONGC gained by 2.77 % and was the top gainer from the Sensex pack, while Cipla added 0.17 %.The total turnover at BSE and NSE fell to Rs 13,786.23 cr and Rs 55,270.44 cr, respectively, from the last weekend’s level Rs 14,429.50 cr and Rs 62,897.84 cr. 

 Extending its slide into the third consecutive day, the Sensex fell by another 247 points to 17,693.18 on Thursday. Further pick-up in food inflation and below-normal monsoon rains also unnerved investors, who were, last week, spooked by a steep 50 basis points rate increase by the central bank. Real estate, auto, RIL and tobacco shares were the biggest losers of the day.In straight three days, the Sensex has tumbled by 621.15 points or 3.39 per cent. Since July 26 when the apex bank hiked interest rates, the index has lost 1,178 points or 6.24 per cent.Reliance Industries reversed early gains and fell 1.53 per cent to Rs 812.50, its lowest close in more than two years. Slowing gas output has been a worry for the country’s most-valuable firm and the stock has underperformed the broader market this year.Amar Ambani, Head of Research, IIFL, said, “Traders and investors continued to be jittery as GDP growth forecast has been scaled down.”

“Globally, the US has managed to avert a default but worries prevail over a possible downgrade. The debt crisis continues to hound the eurozone. Friday’s US jobs data will be on global investors’ radar for fresh cues on the state of the world’s largest economy,” he said.Shares of tobacco companies also fell on reports that the government might consider a possible hike in excise duty on tobacco products as part of efforts to increase its revenue collection.This led to shares of ITC falling by 3.2 per cent to Rs 200, while Godfrey Phillips India slumped 2.2 per cent to Rs 3,160.


Most Popular Websites

Rank Site Category Unique Visitors (users) Reach Page Views Has Advertising
1  facebook.com Social Networks 880,000,000 47.2% 910,000,000,000 Yes
2  youtube.com Online Video 800,000,000 42.7% 100,000,000,000 Yes
3  yahoo.com Web Portals 660,000,000 35.3% 77,000,000,000 Yes
4  live.com Search Engines 550,000,000 29.3% 36,000,000,000 Yes
5  wikipedia.org Dictionaries & Encyclopedias 490,000,000 26.2% 7,000,000,000 No
6  msn.com Web Portals 450,000,000 24% 15,000,000,000 Yes
7  blogspot.com Blogging Resources & Services 410,000,000 21.9% 5,400,000,000 Yes
8  baidu.com Search Engines 340,000,000 18% 110,000,000,000 Yes
9  bing.com Search Engines 340,000,000 18.3% 11,000,000,000 Yes
10  microsoft.com Software 340,000,000 18.3% 2,700,000,000 Yes
11  qq.com Web Portals 280,000,000 15% 44,000,000,000 Yes
12  ask.com Search Engines 210,000,000 11.2% 2,000,000,000 Yes
13  taobao.com Classifieds 190,000,000 10.3% 30,000,000,000 Yes
14  adobe.com Multimedia Software 170,000,000 9.2% 1,000,000,000 No
15  wordpress.com Blogging Resources & Services 170,000,000 9.2% 1,000,000,000 Yes
16  twitter.com Email & Messaging 160,000,000 8.4% 6,000,000,000 Yes
17  youku.com Online Video 160,000,000 8.4% 3,600,000,000 Yes
18  soso.com Search Engines 160,000,000 8.4% 3,600,000,000 No
19  sohu.com Web Portals 140,000,000 7.6% 5,900,000,000 Yes
20  163.com Web Portals 140,000,000 7.7% 6,500,000,000 Yes
21  windows.com Windows OS 130,000,000 7% 540,000,000 Yes
22  hao123.com Web Portals 120,000,000 6.3% 7,200,000,000 Yes
23  tudou.com Online Video 120,000,000 6.3% 2,700,000,000 Yes
24  amazon.com Shopping 120,000,000 6.3% 4,400,000,000 Yes
25  apple.com Mac OS 110,000,000 5.8% 1,100,000,000 Yes
26  ebay.com Auctions 110,000,000 5.8% 10,000,000,000 Yes
27  sogou.com Search Engines 89,000,000 4.8% 2,300,000,000 Yes
28  mozilla.com Internet Clients & Browsers 87,000,000 4.7% 590,000,000 No
29  yahoo.co.jp Web Portals 87,000,000 4.7% 30,000,000,000 Yes
30  paypal.com Merchant Services & Payment Systems 82,000,000 4.4% 1,700,000,000 Yes
31  tmall.com Apparel 81,000,000 4.3% 2,100,000,000 Yes
32  go.com Web Portals 81,000,000 4.4% 3,300,000,000 Yes
33  about.com How-To‚ DIY & Expert Content 81,000,000 4.3% 600,000,000 Yes
34  flickr.com Photo & Image Sharing 81,000,000 4.3% 1,700,000,000 Yes
35  56.com Online Media 80,000,000 4.3% 1,100,000,000 Yes
36  4399.com Online Games 80,000,000 4.3% 4,800,000,000 Yes
37  linkedin.com Social Networks 74,000,000 4% 2,300,000,000 Yes
38  xunlei.com File Sharing & Hosting 74,000,000 4% 2,000,000,000 Yes
39  dailymotion.com Online Media 73,000,000 3.9% 810,000,000 Yes
40  aol.com Web Portals 72,000,000 3.9% 5,300,000,000 Yes
41  orkut.com Social Networks 72,000,000 3.9% 4,400,000,000 Yes
42  ku6.com Online Media 68,000,000 3.6% 540,000,000 Yes
43  bbc.co.uk World News 67,000,000 3.6% 2,700,000,000 Yes
44  pps.tv Online Video 67,000,000 3.6% 540,000,000 Yes
45  orkut.com.br Social Networks 67,000,000 3.6% 53,000,000,000 No
46  cnet.com Consumer Electronics 67,000,000 3.6% 450,000,000 Yes
47  craigslist.org Classifieds 66,000,000 3.5% 24,000,000,000 No
48  ehow.com How-To‚ DIY & Expert Content 61,000,000 3.3% 280,000,000 Yes
49  weather.com Weather 61,000,000 3.2% 1,200,000,000 Yes
50  4shared.com File Sharing & Hosting 60,000,000 3.2% 2,500,000,000 Yes
51  imdb.com Movie Reference 60,000,000 3.2% 1,200,000,000 Yes
52  myspace.com 60,000,000 3.2% 1,500,000,000 Yes
53  answers.com General Reference 60,000,000 3.2% 250,000,000 Yes
54  fc2.com Web Services 59,000,000 3.2% 3,300,000,000 Yes
55  mywebsearch.com Search Engines 56,000,000 3% 1,200,000,000 Yes
56  mail.ru Email & Messaging 55,000,000 2.9% 19,000,000,000 Yes
57  7k7k.com Casual Games 55,000,000 3% 4,000,000,000 Yes
58  uol.com.br Web Portals 55,000,000 3% 5,400,000,000 Yes
59  gocsgo.com 55,000,000 2.9% 180,000,000 No
60  alibaba.com Import & Export 54,000,000 2.9% 1,100,000,000 Yes
61  skype.com Voice & Video Chat 54,000,000 2.9% 490,000,000 Yes
62  badoo.com Dating & Personals 51,000,000 2.7% 5,900,000,000 Yes
63  scribd.com Social Networks 51,000,000 2.7% 160,000,000 Yes
64  cnn.com Broadcast & Network News 50,000,000 2.7% 1,300,000,000 Yes
65  soku.com Online Video 50,000,000 2.7% 780,000,000 Yes
66  babylon.com Translation Tools & Resources 50,000,000 2.7% 790,000,000 Yes
67  yandex.ru Search Engines 46,000,000 2.5% 14,000,000,000 Yes
68  2345.com Web Portals 45,000,000 2.4% 2,100,000,000 Yes
69  renren.com Social Networks 45,000,000 2.4% 3,300,000,000 Yes
70  megaupload.com File Sharing & Hosting 45,000,000 2.4% 490,000,000 Yes
71  alot.com Web Apps & Online Tools 45,000,000 2.4% 490,000,000 Yes
72  hp.com Computer Hardware 45,000,000 2.4% 660,000,000 Yes
73  rakuten.co.jp Shopping Portals & Search Engines 45,000,000 2.4% 4,000,000,000 Yes
74  goo.ne.jp Web Portals 45,000,000 2.4% 870,000,000 Yes
75  netflix.com DVD & Video Rentals 45,000,000 2.4% 2,500,000,000 Yes
76  softonic.com Software 45,000,000 2.4% 370,000,000 Yes
77  blogger.com Blogging Resources & Services 42,000,000 2.2% 1,100,000,000 No
78  360.cn Antivirus & Malware 42,000,000 2.2% 800,000,000 No
79  alipay.com Merchant Services & Payment Systems 42,000,000 2.3% 2,000,000,000 Yes
80  globo.com Web Portals 41,000,000 2.2% 3,000,000,000 Yes
81  photobucket.com Photo & Video Sharing 41,000,000 2.2% 600,000,000 Yes
82  bankofamerica.com Banking 41,000,000 2.2% 2,500,000,000 Yes
83  discoverbing.com Search Engines 41,000,000 2.2% 170,000,000 Yes
84  mediafire.com File Sharing & Hosting 41,000,000 2.2% 370,000,000 Yes
85  partypoker.com 41,000,000 2.2% 130,000,000 Yes
86  camzap.com Webcams & Virtual Tours 41,000,000 2.2% 140,000,000 No
87  ameblo.jp Blogging Resources & Services 41,000,000 2.2% 1,700,000,000 Yes
88  odnoklassniki.ru Social Networks 38,000,000 2% 14,000,000,000 Yes
89  terra.com.br News 38,000,000 2% 1,700,000,000 Yes
90  naver.com Search Engines 38,000,000 2% 23,000,000,000 Yes
91  zynga.com Casual Games 38,000,000 2% 780,000,000 Yes
92  amazon.co.jp Entertainment Media 38,000,000 2% 1,300,000,000 No
93  vkontakte.ru Social Networks 38,000,000 2% 92,000,000,000 No
94  imageshack.us 38,000,000 2% 210,000,000 Yes
95  youdao.com Blogging Resources & Services 38,000,000 2% 280,000,000 Yes
96  pconline.com.cn Local News 38,000,000 2% 450,000,000 Yes
97  58.com Classifieds 37,000,000 2% 960,000,000 Yes
98  chase.com Banking 37,000,000 2% 2,500,000,000 Yes
99  mapquest.com Maps 37,000,000 2% 210,000,000 Yes
100  xinhuanet.com News 37,000,000 2% 870,000,000 Yes
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Next >>

The following list of the Most Popular Websites was updated

51. Go.com http://www.go.com
53. Cnn.com http://www.cnn.com
63. Megaupload.com http://www.megaupload.com
57. Google.ca http://www.google.ca
58. Aol.com http://www.aol.com
60. Xhamster.com http://www.xhamster.com
62. Mediafire.com http://www.mediafire.com
64. Godaddy.com http://www.godaddy.com
71. Adobe.com http://www.adobe.com
59. Zedo.com http://www.zedo.com
70. WordPress.org http://www.wordpress.org
54. Bp.blogspot.com bp.blogspot.com
65. Pornhub.com http://www.pornhub.com
52. Ifeng.com http://www.ifeng.com
75. Espn.go.com http://www.espn.go.com
56. Tudou.com http://www.tudou.com
66. Google.co.id http://www.google.co.id
67. Ameblo.jp http://www.ameblo.jp
68. About.com http://www.about.com
82. Livejournal.com http://www.livejournal.com
73. Ebay.de http://www.ebay.de
72. 4shared.com http://www.4shared.com
76. Livedoor.com http://www.livedoor.com
74. Rakuten.co.jp http://www.rakuten.co.jp
55. Google.com.mx http://www.google.com.mx
61. Conduit.com http://www.conduit.com
91. Myspace.com http://www.myspace.com
78. Google.com.tr http://www.google.com.tr
69. Alibaba.com http://www.alibaba.com
79. Google.com.au http://www.google.com.au
77. Youporn.com http://www.youporn.com
89. Nytimes.com http://www.nytimes.com
81. Uol.com.br http://www.uol.com.br
80. Cnet.com http://www.cnet.com
85. Google.pl http://www.google.pl
86. Renren.com http://www.renren.com
88. Thepiratebay.org http://www.thepiratebay.org
90. Ebay.co.uk http://www.ebay.co.uk
97. Doubleclick.com http://www.doubleclick.com
93. Netflix.com http://www.netflix.com
83. Chinaz.com http://www.chinaz.com
100. Google.com.sa http://www.google.com.sa
99. Dailymotion.com http://www.dailymotion.com
95. Amazon.de http://www.amazon.de
92. Tmall.com http://www.tmall.com
94. Alipay.com http://www.alipay.com
98. Imgur.com http://www.imgur.com
84. Huffingtonpost.com http://www.huffingtonpost.com
96. Addthis.com http://www.addthis.com
87. Babylon.com http://www.babylon.com

Top 10 Websites

Top 10 visited US websites

The following report shows websites for the industry ‘All Categories‘, ranked by Visits for the week ending 07/23/2011.
Rank Website Visits Share
1. Facebook 10.60%
2. Google 7.94%
3. YouTube 3.45%
4. Yahoo! Mail 2.90%
5. Yahoo! 2.39%
6. Bing 1.44%
7. Yahoo! Search 1.39%
8. Gmail 1.13%
9. Windows Live Mail 0.94%
10. msn 0.92%

Top 10 Travel Websites

The following report shows websites for the industry ‘Travel‘, ranked by Visits for the week ending 07/23/2011.
Rank Website Visits Share
1. Google Maps 13.50%
2. MapQuest 6.22%
3. Expedia 2.95%
4. TripAdvisor 2.44%
5. priceline.com 2.40%
6. Southwest Airlines 2.23%
7. Orbitz 1.53%
8. Bing maps 1.51%
9. Yahoo! Maps 1.44%
10. Hotwire 1.39%

Top 10 visited Dating sites

The following report shows websites for the industry ‘Lifestyle – Dating‘, ranked by Visits for the week ending 07/23/2011.
Rank Website Visits Share
1. Plentyoffish.com 20.47%
2. Match.com 9.55%
3. Speed Date 6.34%
4. Singlesnet 4.67%
5. Zoosk 4.20%
6. SeniorPeopleMeet.com 4.15%
7. Adam4Adam 4.09%
8. Date Hookup 3.28%
9. BlackPeopleMeet.com 2.31%
10. Badoo 2.23%

Top 10 visited Real Estate sites

The following report shows websites for the industry ‘Business and Finance – Real Estate‘, ranked by Visits for the week ending07/23/2011.
Rank Website Visits Share
1. Realtor.com 6.97%
2. Yahoo! Real Estate 6.17%
3. Zillow 5.91%
4. Trulia.com 5.29%
5. MSN Real Estate 3.62%
6. Homes.com 2.56%
7. Rent.com 2.21%
8. AOL Real Estate 2.00%
9. Apartment Guide 1.72%
10. Apartments.com 1.30%

Top 10 Social Networking sites

The following report shows websites for the industry ‘Computers and Internet – Social Networking and Forums‘, ranked by Visits for the week ending 07/23/2011.
Rank Website Visits Share
1. Facebook 63.33%
2. YouTube 20.60%
3. Twitter 1.42%
4. Yahoo! Answers 1.10%
5. MySpace 0.77%
6. Tagged 0.72%
7. myYearbook 0.51%
8. Linkedin 0.49%
9. Mylife 0.36%
10. iVillage 0.33%

Top 10 Software sites

The following report shows websites for the industry ‘Computers and Internet – Software‘, ranked by Visits for the week ending07/23/2011.
Rank Website Visits Share
1. Adobe 5.11%
2. Microsoft Windows 4.81%
3. Yahoo! Pulse 4.59%
4. Apple 4.16%
5. Big Fish Games 3.52%
6. IMVU 3.13%
7. Google Chrome 2.76%
8. Apple iPod & iTunes 2.62%
9. CNET Download.com 1.82%
10. Explore Windows Live 1.73%

Here Are the 1000 Most Popular Websites In the World

Google just released a list of the top 1000 websites in the world, something they’re uniquely suited to rank, since most traffic funnels through them first. Google left themselves off (they’d be #1), so Facebook and Yahoo are close together at 1 and 2. To save you time, we’re at 540, edging out Pandora, Intel, that site you use to do currency conversion and the California government. Suck on that Costco and the web standards website.


available domains

unputdownable.biz
werule.in Tick   1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10 199
santabanta.biz Tick   1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10
webdunia.biz Tick   1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10
unputdownable.in Tick   1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10 199
unputdownable.co.in Tick   1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10 199
werule.co.in Tick   1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10 199

Indian Celebrities and their gadgets!

Indian Celebrities and their gadgets! What phone does Aamir Khan use? You know what, that’s a great question. A question for which we might not find the answer easily. But we can make some intelligent guesses. My guess is Aamir Khan is using a Android powered phone, and probably the one of the few celebrities (NTR from Telugu movie uses one) who isn’t using an iPhone or a Blackberry. I know we can always expect something new from this Khan. But what about Mallika Sherawat? What toys, sorry, what gadgets does she use? Mallika seems to be liking her toys. While her last tweet came from a Blackberry she has previously used an iPhone and an Android powered phone.The easiest way to find out is to call them up and ask. We might not necessarily have all of their phone numbers, but we have the next best thing – their twitter handle. Twitter is the biggest beehive of Indian celebrities, though they don’t share much, we can find out quite a few things. We can find out what time they sleep, what they tweet about, what they share, what they care and of course, what gadget they are using to tweet.Blackberry is the undisputed leader in the smartphone category. It is distantly followed by iPhone and remotely followed by Android. iPad as a tablet looks like a popular choice amongst celebrities who chose to tweet from one. iPad Madhuri Dixit, Shah Rukh Khan, Murali Kartik and Dino Morea have all tweeted from an iPad. Madhuri Dixit is an Apple fan girl. She owns (I presume) an iPad, iPhone and a Mac. Telugu movie star Nagarjuna is also a Apple fanboy. He has tweeted from iPad and an iPhone. Nokia Priyanka Chopra and Gul Panang are the only two celebrities who have used a Nokia phone to tweet. An indication that Nokia isn’t doing too well in the smartphone segment. Priyanka might jump to an Android whenever her contract with Nokia ends. I don’t know Priyanka very well but that’s a hunch. iPad and Blackberry are the top choices of Indian celebrities. The celebrities in this list are picked from Pinstorm’s India influencers which uses Klout, PeerIndex scores to arrive at an aggregated ranking. Salman Khan is the top celebrity with a Aggregate score of 76.5 and he uses Blackberry. Preity Zinta has an aggregate score of 76.3 and she uses Blackberry too. There are some celebrities who are not on Pinstorm’s list but I have added them, because I felt like it. Few folks have used either web, tweet deck or Uber social. The gadget used cannot be found out with these twitter clients. Narendra Modi has used Tweet Deck. While Sid Mallya, Deepika Padukone, Riteish D and Hrithik Roshan have used Uber Social. Why is Blackberry the most popular gadget? Is it the keypad? If yes, there are a lot of Android (HTC, Samsung) phones which come with pretty nice keypads they throw in a touch screen too. Nokia E7 is one of the nicest mobiles with a keypad. E7 might actually help these celebs typing skills too. Do you know of any other celeb using Android, iPhone or anything non-Blackberry? Let us know. Image source 1, 2, 3 avBlogging became a passion for everybody now-a-days because of its GUI, friendly user interface and few other reason were making it the best place to express your views as well as to earn. Organizations were choosing the blogs in order to take their products nearer to the customers. Many of the Software Professionals, SEO Experts, Analytics have started blogging as their part time jobs to make some additional money by sharing their knowledge, but few even quit their jobs and settling as full time bloggers.But now its the time for Celebrities who have also started the blogging, and sharing their thoughts, and life style with their fans.I have the collection of the Bollywood Celebrities who were Blogging. • Aamir Khan : Bollywood call him Mr.Perfectionist. He is also called as Ace Khan, who doesn’t know the meaning of defeat. His is also an expert in marketing his films. He is an actor, director and producer who have produced many. He has worked in a number of critically and commercially successful films and has established himself as one of the leading actors in Indian Film Industry. • Ajay Devgan : National Award Winning actor. Beginning his career as an action hero in the early 1990s, Devgan has since established himself as one of the actors open to serious roles in Bollywood. • Amitabh Bachchan : Big B, who is considered to be the Pillar of the Indian Film Industry. One of the most prominent actor of Indian Film History. He has received uncountable number of Awards. • Amrita Rao : Indian Model and Bollywood Actress. • Anupam Kher : One of the Gifted Actor for Indian Film Industry, Though he haven’t done any leading roles but he’s one of the proved actor and also the member of Indian Film Censor Board. • Bipasha Basu : Bollywood Leading Actress and Former Model. • Celina Jaitley : Bollywood Actress and Finalist in Miss Universe 2001. • John Abraham : One of the most sexiest actors in the Indian Film Industry. Bollywood Actor and also the Former Model. • Karan Johar : One of the Best and Leading Director in the India Film Industry. He is also a Producer and also he’s famous for his television show “Coffee with Karan”. • Ram Gopal Verma : The experimental director, who keeps on experimenting with his film. He is one of the main director who get many controversies with his films though the matter is pretty funny. He’s one of the leading Film Director, Producer, Script Writer. • Salman Khan : One of the Super Star in the Bollywood, who was also considered as Bollywood Bad Boy. He is having a great fan following world wide, one of the Sexiest actor in the Industry. • Shilpa Shetty : Most popular figure of the world who won the prestigious British Celebrity show “Big Brother”. Bollywood actress and also owner of RR team in the IPL. • • Law enforcement said to have caught the one who stole gadgets from Juhi Chawla’s home.Based on police force, Juhi and her hubby had managed a celebration at their south Mumbai home on Jan 15. A few, an US citizens had also joined the celebration. All-around forty folks were appointed as caterers and housekeeping services employees in the celebration. • The visitor was allocated 2 home employers and the key area was just with her and her house employers ,” explained Police inspector. A case was filed stating that a laptop computer, a cell phone and an ipod device of Chulie were losing, he explained. • “After the robbery was described, we told the service provider who placed the bash to supply the list of the forty folks who were employed and later on we zeroed in on the charged Sandeep Balerao with his support,” Bagade mentioned, including that most the lacking devices have been restored. • • Related News & Gossips: Imran on his style, his gadgets and his love for wheels By Bollywood Hungama News Network Ready on the dot at 9.30 am for the MW shoot, Imran Khan is checking his reflection in the mirror. Brows raised in concentration, he appraises his look for the first shot du jour. The stylist has picked a layered T-shirt to go with a pair of white slim fit jeans and worn with a pair of black-and-white ankle-length sneakers. “Let’s rock ‘n’ roll!” says Khan when he’s finally satisfied with the look after a fair bit of tweaking. His involvement with his look is evident as the shoot progresses through the day. “Why don’t we fold the sleeves in the next shot? I think it will look better that way,” he quips, trying to find a solution to an errant cuff like a consummate sartorialist. About six hours later, we are in the living room of Khan’s two-storied Pali Hill bungalow. A large black-and-white poster of a brooding James Dean takes up most of the space on a wall. Sitting almost directly below it, Khan could very well be Dean’s doppelganger with his relaxed, unfussy attitude coupled with an intense stare that belies his 26 years. But yet there is something intrinsically youthful about the entire package that is Imran Khan. Dressed in a casual green T-shirt and fitted True Religion jeans teamed with flip-flops, Khan exudes a stylishly preppy persona all hidden in the garb of someone who really doesn’t conform to any fashion diktats. “Don’t try too hard. That’s the number one style mantra I live by,” says Khan, a tad distracted by his two dogs Kajri and Tom Jones who vie for his attention. “I always cared about my appearance, but was never a slave to fashion. I still take particular care to maintain my personal style without changing it to fit in. Style for me is the ability to look good without looking like you’re making a big effort. I look for things that connect with me personally. Be it a tie, a pair of shoes, whatever; it should be a reflection of my personality. ” And it is that fiercely independent approach to style that makes Khan abhor designers. “I don’t like designers as a rule, so I stay far away from haute couture,” laughs Khan who admits that he maintains a very “hands-on” approach with his look for his films – be it as Jai, the guy-next-door in his debut vehicle Jaane Tu… Ya Jaane Na or as the shirtless, buffed antagonist Kabir in his sophomore Bollywood outing Kidnap. “I work closely with the stylist and the director to make sure each character I play is distinctly different from the others, and that whatever he wears mirrors his personality to the T,” says Khan as he gets down to deconstructing his style quotient… My style influences James Dean, Marlon Brando, Johnny Depp, Bruce Springsteen, essentially people who are comfortable in their own skin. Closer home, I think John Abraham manages to look amazing in jeans and an old T-shirt. Brands I like Diesel, Guess and True Religion. True Religion jeans fit me really well. Diesel makes very cool and comfortable T-shirts for everyday wear. Guess manages to strike a good balance between casual and dressy, so it’s good for most occasions. I’m big on accessories. I collect ties and Converse All-Stars shoes as they’re both a lot of fun. You can add one or the suddenly becomes an amazing style statement! I’m big on accessories I collect ties and Converse All-Stars shoes as they’re both a lot of fun. You can add one or the other or both to jeans and a T-shirt, and it suddenly becomes an amazing style statement! My shopping trysts Abroad, I like to shop in LA. There’s always a lot of interesting stuff there that you can’t find anywhere else. In India, I tend to shop in the small shops in the gullies of Bandra. I love my wheels. I currently have three cars. Yes, yes I know that’s excessive. I have a Honda Civic, which I love dearly. It’s such a great car to drive. I have a BMW 325i, which was a gift from Aamir Khan (his uncle, the actor-producer) after the success of Jaane Tu… The kind of power and handling you get for 30-odd lakh is unbelievable. My newest acquisition is a Porsche Cayenne S. It has just arrived, so I haven’t had the time to fall in love with it yet. Gadgets are so my thing I’m serious about my gadgets. I’m also an Apple loyalist. I have a MacBook Pro 15″, a G5 desktop with a 23″ cinema display, an iPhone…And yes, I did put one of those little Apple stickers on my car. As for gaming, I like the Xbox. No Play Station for me. I feel that it just doesn’t match up, performance-wise. Gadgets Bollywood Stars Can’t Live Without Source: http://www.showbizrenegade.com Posted on 15:23, July 26th, 2011 by Jen Vishta India has always been associated with information technology, with most of the modern world’s greatest programming geniuses being Indians, now even Bollywood stars are joining the bandwagon – although not as programmers but gadget users. Here are some of the gadgets Bollywood stalwarts cannot seem to live without Cell Phones [...] Koena is tech-savvy! New Delhi, Dec. 1 — Oh God! Now my dhobi wants to give me some gyaan on Koena Mitra. Before you ask, who she is, let me tell you she was seen in loads of movies with a great body, performing to some super sizzling numbers. Anyway, now dhobi says that Koenaji is in the US and has a website following her everyday. It’s a network that helps her connect with all her fans, everywhere in the world that she goes to. Haye, haye! This for a fanbase that hardly exist. But then, such is life dearies! The December edition of ‘T3′, the tech-gizmo-gadget magazine is the second anniversary edition of the mag and what better way to treat the viewers than with the red hot Dia Mirza as the cover girl of the issue. The cover has Dia attired in a flamingly crimson red dress on the cover carrying a cell phone in one hand. The cover talks about luscious gadgets with the luscious babe, Dia, posing with all the latest gizmos and gadgets, including a laptop, watch and many more. However, the issue has no interview from Dia Mirza. Imran on his style, his gadgets and his love for wheels By Bollywood Hungama News Network Ready on the dot at 9.30 am for the MW shoot, Imran Khan is checking his reflection in the mirror. Brows raised in concentration, he appraises his look for the first shot du jour. The stylist has picked a layered T-shirt to go with a pair of white slim fit jeans and worn with a pair of black-and-white ankle-length sneakers. “Let’s rock ‘n’ roll!” says Khan when he’s finally satisfied with the look after a fair bit of tweaking. His involvement with his look is evident as the shoot progresses through the day. “Why don’t we fold the sleeves in the next shot? I think it will look better that way,” he quips, trying to find a solution to an errant cuff like a consummate sartorialist. About six hours later, we are in the living room of Khan’s two-storied Pali Hill bungalow. A large black-and-white poster of a brooding James Dean takes up most of the space on a wall. Sitting almost directly below it, Khan could very well be Dean’s doppelganger with his relaxed, unfussy attitude coupled with an intense stare that belies his 26 years. But yet there is something intrinsically youthful about the entire package that is Imran Khan. Dressed in a casual green T-shirt and fitted True Religion jeans teamed with flip-flops, Khan exudes a stylishly preppy persona all hidden in the garb of someone who really doesn’t conform to any fashion diktats. “Don’t try too hard. That’s the number one style mantra I live by,” says Khan, a tad distracted by his two dogs Kajri and Tom Jones who vie for his attention. “I always cared about my appearance, but was never a slave to fashion. I still take particular care to maintain my personal style without changing it to fit in. Style for me is the ability to look good without looking like you’re making a big effort. I look for things that connect with me personally. Be it a tie, a pair of shoes, whatever; it should be a reflection of my personality. ” And it is that fiercely independent approach to style that makes Khan abhor designers. “I don’t like designers as a rule, so I stay far away from haute couture,” laughs Khan who admits that he maintains a very “hands-on” approach with his look for his films – be it as Jai, the guy-next-door in his debut vehicle Jaane Tu… Ya Jaane Na or as the shirtless, buffed antagonist Kabir in his sophomore Bollywood outing Kidnap. “I work closely with the stylist and the director to make sure each character I play is distinctly different from the others, and that whatever he wears mirrors his personality to the T,” says Khan as he gets down to deconstructing his style quotient… My style influences James Dean, Marlon Brando, Johnny Depp, Bruce Springsteen, essentially people who are comfortable in their own skin. Closer home, I think John Abraham manages to look amazing in jeans and an old T-shirt. Brands I like Diesel, Guess and True Religion. True Religion jeans fit me really well. Diesel makes very cool and comfortable T-shirts for everyday wear. Guess manages to strike a good balance between casual and dressy, so it’s good for most occasions. I’m big on accessories. I collect ties and Converse All-Stars shoes as they’re both a lot of fun. You can add one or the suddenly becomes an amazing style statement! I’m big on accessories I collect ties and Converse All-Stars shoes as they’re both a lot of fun. You can add one or the other or both to jeans and a T-shirt, and it suddenly becomes an amazing style statement! My shopping trysts Abroad, I like to shop in LA. There’s always a lot of interesting stuff there that you can’t find anywhere else. In India, I tend to shop in the small shops in the gullies of Bandra. I love my wheels. I currently have three cars. Yes, yes I know that’s excessive. I have a Honda Civic, which I love dearly. It’s such a great car to drive. I have a BMW 325i, which was a gift from Aamir Khan (his uncle, the actor-producer) after the success of Jaane Tu… The kind of power and handling you get for 30-odd lakh is unbelievable. My newest acquisition is a Porsche Cayenne S. It has just arrived, so I haven’t had the time to fall in love with it yet. Gadgets are so my thing I’m serious about my gadgets. I’m also an Apple loyalist. I have a MacBook Pro 15″, a G5 desktop with a 23″ cinema display, an iPhone…And yes, I did put one of those little Apple stickers on my car. As for gaming, I like the Xbox. No Play Station for me. I feel that it just doesn’t match up, performance-wise. • 0What phone does Aamir Khan use? You know what, that’s a great question. A question for which we might not find the answer easily. But we can make some intelligent guesses. My guess is Aamir Khan is using a Android powered phone, and probably the one of the few celebrities (NTR from Telugu movie uses one) who isn’t using an iPhone or a Blackberry. I know we can always expect something new from this Khan. But what about Mallika Sherawat? What toys, sorry, what gadgets does she use? Mallika seems to be liking her toys. While her last tweet came from a Blackberry she has previously used an iPhone and an Android powered phone. The easiest way to find out is to call them up and ask. We might not necessarily have all of their phone numbers, but we have the next best thing – their twitter handle. Twitter is the biggest beehive of Indian celebrities, though they don’t share much, we can find out quite a few things. We can find out what time they sleep, what they tweet about, what they share, what they care and of course, what gadget they are using to tweet. Blackberry is the undisputed leader in the smartphone category. It is distantly followed by iPhone and remotely followed by Android. iPad as a tablet looks like a popular choice amongst celebrities who chose to tweet from one. iPad Madhuri Dixit, Shah Rukh Khan, Murali Kartik and Dino Morea have all tweeted from an iPad. Madhuri Dixit is an Apple fan girl. She owns (I presume) an iPad, iPhone and a Mac. Telugu movie star Nagarjuna is also a Apple fanboy. He has tweeted from iPad and an iPhone. Nokia Priyanka Chopra and Gul Panang are the only two celebrities who have used a Nokia phone to tweet. An indication that Nokia isn’t doing too well in the smartphone segment. Priyanka might jump to an Android whenever her contract with Nokia ends. I don’t know Priyanka very well but that’s a hunch. iPad and Blackberry are the top choices of Indian celebrities. The celebrities in this list are picked from Pinstorm’s India influencers which uses Klout, PeerIndex scores to arrive at an aggregated ranking. Salman Khan is the top celebrity with a Aggregate score of 76.5 and he uses Blackberry. Preity Zinta has an aggregate score of 76.3 and she uses Blackberry too. There are some celebrities who are not on Pinstorm’s list but I have added them, because I felt like it. Here’s the list of celebrities and their gadgets, divided in to categories : Few folks have used either web, tweet deck or Uber social. The gadget used cannot be found out with these twitter clients. Narendra Modi has used Tweet Deck. While Sid Mallya, Deepika Padukone, Riteish D and Hrithik Roshan have used Uber Social. Why is Blackberry the most popular gadget? Is it the keypad? If yes, there are a lot of Android (HTC, Samsung) phones which come with pretty nice keypads they throw in a touch screen too. Nokia E7 is one of the nicest mobiles with a keypad. E7 might actually help these celebs typing skills too. Do you know of any other celeb using Android, iPhone or anything non-Blackberry? Let us know. Image source 1, 2, 3 avBlogging became a passion for everybody now-a-days because of its GUI, friendly user interface and few other reason were making it the best place to express your views as well as to earn. Organizations were choosing the blogs in order to take their products nearer to the customers. Many of the Software Professionals, SEO Experts, Analytics have started blogging as their part time jobs to make some additional money by sharing their knowledge, but few even quit their jobs and settling as full time bloggers. But now its the time for Celebrities who have also started the blogging, and sharing their thoughts, and life style with their fans. I have the collection of the Bollywood Celebrities who were Blogging. • Aamir Khan : Bollywood call him Mr.Perfectionist. He is also called as Ace Khan, who doesn’t know the meaning of defeat. His is also an expert in marketing his films. He is an actor, director and producer who have produced many. He has worked in a number of critically and commercially successful films and has established himself as one of the leading actors in Indian Film Industry. • Ajay Devgan : National Award Winning actor. Beginning his career as an action hero in the early 1990s, Devgan has since established himself as one of the actors open to serious roles in Bollywood. • Amitabh Bachchan : Big B, who is considered to be the Pillar of the Indian Film Industry. One of the most prominent actor of Indian Film History. He has received uncountable number of Awards. • Amrita Rao : Indian Model and Bollywood Actress. • Anupam Kher : One of the Gifted Actor for Indian Film Industry, Though he haven’t done any leading roles but he’s one of the proved actor and also the member of Indian Film Censor Board. • Bipasha Basu : Bollywood Leading Actress and Former Model. • Celina Jaitley : Bollywood Actress and Finalist in Miss Universe 2001. • John Abraham : One of the most sexiest actors in the Indian Film Industry. Bollywood Actor and also the Former Model. • Karan Johar : One of the Best and Leading Director in the India Film Industry. He is also a Producer and also he’s famous for his television show “Coffee with Karan”. • Ram Gopal Verma : The experimental director, who keeps on experimenting with his film. He is one of the main director who get many controversies with his films though the matter is pretty funny. He’s one of the leading Film Director, Producer, Script Writer. • Salman Khan : One of the Super Star in the Bollywood, who was also considered as Bollywood Bad Boy. He is having a great fan following world wide, one of the Sexiest actor in the Industry. • Shilpa Shetty : Most popular figure of the world who won the prestigious British Celebrity show “Big Brother”. Bollywood actress and also owner of RR team in the IPL. • • Law enforcement said to have caught the one who stole gadgets from Juhi Chawla’s home.Based on police force, Juhi and her hubby had managed a celebration at their south Mumbai home on Jan 15. A few, an US citizens had also joined the celebration. All-around forty folks were appointed as caterers and housekeeping services employees in the celebration. • The visitor was allocated 2 home employers and the key area was just with her and her house employers ,” explained Police inspector. A case was filed stating that a laptop computer, a cell phone and an ipod device of Chulie were losing, he explained. • “After the robbery was described, we told the service provider who placed the bash to supply the list of the forty folks who were employed and later on we zeroed in on the charged Sandeep Balerao with his support,” Bagade mentioned, including that most the lacking devices have been restored. • • Related News & Gossips: Imran on his style, his gadgets and his love for wheels Powered by Translate email print 0 Comments share more By Bollywood Hungama News Network Ready on the dot at 9.30 am for the MW shoot, Imran Khan is checking his reflection in the mirror. Brows raised in concentration, he appraises his look for the first shot du jour. The stylist has picked a layered T-shirt to go with a pair of white slim fit jeans and worn with a pair of black-and-white ankle-length sneakers. “Let’s rock ‘n’ roll!” says Khan when he’s finally satisfied with the look after a fair bit of tweaking. His involvement with his look is evident as the shoot progresses through the day. “Why don’t we fold the sleeves in the next shot? I think it will look better that way,” he quips, trying to find a solution to an errant cuff like a consummate sartorialist. Gadgets Bollywood Stars Can’t Live Without Source: http://www.showbizrenegade.com Posted on 15:23, July 26th, 2011 by Jen Vishta India has always been associated with information technology, with most of the modern world’s greatest programming geniuses being Indians, now even Bollywood stars are joining the bandwagon – although not as programmers but gadget users. Here are some of the gadgets Bollywood stalwarts cannot seem to live without Cell Phones [...] Koena is tech-savvy! New Delhi, Dec. 1 — Oh God! Now my dhobi wants to give me some gyaan on Koena Mitra. Before you ask, who she is, let me tell you she was seen in loads of movies with a great body, performing to some super sizzling numbers. Anyway, now dhobi says that Koenaji is in the US and has a website following her everyday. It’s a network that helps her connect with all her fans, everywhere in the world that she goes to. Haye, haye! This for a fanbase that hardly exist. But then, such is life dearies! The December edition of ‘T3′, the tech-gizmo-gadget magazine is the second anniversary edition of the mag and what better way to treat the viewers than with the red hot Dia Mirza as the cover girl of the issue. The cover has Dia attired in a flamingly crimson red dress on the cover carrying a cell phone in one hand. The cover talks about luscious gadgets with the luscious babe, Dia, posing with all the latest gizmos and gadgets, including a laptop, watch and many more. However, the issue has no interview from Dia Mirza. Indian Celebrities and their gadgets! Written on June 13, 2011 by Sriram Vadlamani in Gadgets • • 0diggsdigg • 0 Email Share • 0What phone does Aamir Khan use? You know what, that’s a great question. A question for which we might not find the answer easily. But we can make some intelligent guesses. My guess is Aamir Khan is using a Android powered phone, and probably the one of the few celebrities (NTR from Telugu movie uses one) who isn’t using an iPhone or a Blackberry. I know we can always expect something new from this Khan. But what about Mallika Sherawat? What toys, sorry, what gadgets does she use? Mallika seems to be liking her toys. While her last tweet came from a Blackberry she has previously used an iPhone and an Android powered phone. The easiest way to find out is to call them up and ask. We might not necessarily have all of their phone numbers, but we have the next best thing – their twitter handle. Twitter is the biggest beehive of Indian celebrities, though they don’t share much, we can find out quite a few things. We can find out what time they sleep, what they tweet about, what they share, what they care and of course, what gadget they are using to tweet. Blackberry is the undisputed leader in the smartphone category. It is distantly followed by iPhone and remotely followed by Android. iPad as a tablet looks like a popular choice amongst celebrities who chose to tweet from one.iPad Madhuri Dixit, Shah Rukh Khan, Murali Kartik and Dino Morea have all tweeted from an iPad. Madhuri Dixit is an Apple fan girl. She owns (I presume) an iPad, iPhone and a Mac. Telugu movie star Nagarjuna is also a Apple fanboy. He has tweeted from iPad and an iPhone. Nokia Priyanka Chopra and Gul Panang are the only two celebrities who have used a Nokia phone to tweet. An indication that Nokia isn’t doing too well in the smartphone segment. Priyanka might jump to an Android whenever her contract with Nokia ends. I don’t know Priyanka very well but that’s a hunch. Imran on his style, his gadgets and his love for wheels By Bollywood Hungama News Network Ready on the dot at 9.30 am for the MW shoot, Imran Khan is checking his reflection in the mirror. Brows raised in concentration, he appraises his look for the first shot du jour. The stylist has picked a layered T-shirt to go with a pair of white slim fit jeans and worn with a pair of black-and-white ankle-length sneakers. “Let’s rock ‘n’ roll!” says Khan when he’s finally satisfied with the look after a fair bit of tweaking. His involvement with his look is evident as the shoot progresses through the day. “Why don’t we fold the sleeves in the next shot? I think it will look better that way,” he quips, trying to find a solution to an errant cuff like a consummate sartorialist. About six hours later, we are in the living room of Khan’s two-storied Pali Hill bungalow. A large black-and-white poster of a brooding James Dean takes up most of the space on a wall. Sitting almost directly below it, Khan could very well be Dean’s doppelganger with his relaxed, unfussy attitude coupled with an intense stare that belies his 26 years. But yet there is something intrinsically youthful about the entire package that is Imran Khan. Dressed in a casual green T-shirt and fitted True Religion jeans teamed with flip-flops, Khan exudes a stylishly preppy persona all hidden in the garb of someone who really doesn’t conform to any fashion diktats. “Don’t try too hard. That’s the number one style mantra I live by,” says Khan, a tad distracted by his two dogs Kajri and Tom Jones who vie for his attention. “I always cared about my appearance, but was never a slave to fashion. I still take particular care to maintain my personal style without changing it to fit in. Style for me is the ability to look good without looking like you’re making a big effort. I look for things that connect with me personally. Be it a tie, a pair of shoes, whatever; it should be a reflection of my personality. ” And it is that fiercely independent approach to style that makes Khan abhor designers. “I don’t like designers as a rule, so I stay far away from haute couture,” laughs Khan who admits that he maintains a very “hands-on” approach with his look for his films – be it as Jai, the guy-next-door in his debut vehicle Jaane Tu… Ya Jaane Na or as the shirtless, buffed antagonist Kabir in his sophomore Bollywood outing Kidnap. “I work closely with the stylist and the director to make sure each character I play is distinctly different from the others, and that whatever he wears mirrors his personality to the T,” says Khan as he gets down to deconstructing his style quotient… My style influences James Dean, Marlon Brando, Johnny Depp, Bruce Springsteen, essentially people who are comfortable in their own skin. Closer home, I think John Abraham manages to look amazing in jeans and an old T-shirt. Brands I like Diesel, Guess and True Religion. True Religion jeans fit me really well. Diesel makes very cool and comfortable T-shirts for everyday wear. Guess manages to strike a good balance between casual and dressy, so it’s good for most occasions. I’m big on accessories. I collect ties and Converse All-Stars shoes as they’re both a lot of fun. You can add one or the suddenly becomes an amazing style statement! I’m big on accessories I collect ties and Converse All-Stars shoes as they’re both a lot of fun. You can add one or the other or both to jeans and a T-shirt, and it suddenly becomes an amazing style statement! My shopping trysts Abroad, I like to shop in LA. There’s always a lot of interesting stuff there that you can’t find anywhere else. In India, I tend to shop in the small shops in the gullies of Bandra. I love my wheels. I currently have three cars. Yes, yes I know that’s excessive. I have a Honda Civic, which I love dearly. It’s such a great car to drive. I have a BMW 325i, which was a gift from Aamir Khan (his uncle, the actor-producer) after the success of Jaane Tu… The kind of power and handling you get for 30-odd lakh is unbelievable. My newest acquisition is a Porsche Cayenne S. It has just arrived, so I haven’t had the time to fall in love with it yet. Gadgets are so my thing I’m serious about my gadgets. I’m also an Apple loyalist. I have a MacBook Pro 15″, a G5 desktop with a 23″ cinema display, an iPhone…And yes, I did put one of those little Apple stickers on my car. As for gaming, I like the Xbox. No Play Station for me. I feel that it just doesn’t match up, performance-wise.


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Antillia on shaky ground

Is the Maharashtra government dillydallying on ordering a CBI inquiry into the issue of the alleged illegal sale of Waqf land to industrialist Mukesh Ambani for his 27- storey ultra luxury home that is worth nearly $ 2 billion? The state government had received a letter from the Union government in June, asking it to consider ‘ referring’ the matter to the premier investigating agency to probe the land deal. The state has, however, not taken any decision on the matter yet.

The land deal on Mumbai’s posh Altamount Road has been embroiled in a controversy ever since Ambani began building his multistorey residence Antillia. On Monday, the issue was raised in the state assembly by Opposition leader Eknath Khadse.

He said the Rs 500- crore plot was shown to have been sold by the Karimbhai Ibrahimbhai Khoja Charitable Trust for just Rs 21 crore. The piece of land was originally reserved for educating children of the Khoja Muslim community.

Maharashtra’s minority affairs minister Arif Nassim Khan said the state had received a letter from the Centre and had sought the opinion of the law and judiciary department.

” The legal department conveyed its opinion to the state home department on July 25,” Khan said. But he did not reveal what the law department’s stand was.

Khan further said a notice was served to the trust by the Maharashtra government in 2004 over the transaction. It was, however, withdrawn after the state got ` 16 lakh from the trust to regularise the deal.

Maharashtra home minister R. R. Patil said he would comment on the matter only after seeing the opinion given by the law and judiciary department.

This Waqf land deal has sparked rows earlier, too. In 2007, then minority affairs minister Anish Ahmed had mentioned a number of irregularities in the sale of the land and had asked the Maharashtra State Waqf Board to take back the plot. However, in a curious development, while the minister kept claiming the sale was illegal, then chief minister Vilasrao Deshmukh said there were no irregularities in the deal.

Incidentally, Ambani has still not started living in Antillia.

What we have here is a man who can be rightly called as the uncrowned king of India. He is undoubtedly the most pioneering Indian that the world may have ever seen and hence Mr. Mukesh Ambani, Chairman, Managing Director, Reliance Industries which happens to be India’s biggest conglomerate, needs no introduction. I wouldn’t want to introduce him as a filthy rich man as that would be a huge understatement. To get an idea of how much this man has inherited, grown and expanded to create a benchmark it would be better to introduce him as the richest Indian or the world’s 14th richest person. His wealth is US$ 20.1 billion a at March 2007. The differences that prevail between the two Ambani brothers, Anil and Mukesh are neither hidden in closed closets nor is the fact that if these two powers joined hands they could be the richest in the world toppling Mr. Bill Gates from his position. The buzz doing the rounds of Mumbai city, India is about this rich mans new home. The new house-in-the-making at Altamount Road happens to be a glass mansion and is by every means, breathtakingly beautiful. People have been eager to know what this palatial building will look like ever since the head honcho purchased the 4,532 sq mt plot in 2002. If this house has to shelter the richest man in the country it can be anything but ordinary; according to the plan, drawn up by the firm Perkins+Will, this mansion will have everything from entertainment centres, a health club, swimming pool and a lot of greenery spread around. To begin with what all is inside the house lets have a little detail on the locality where the real estate prices are now in the region of Rs 75,000 per sq ft. that is $ 1,841.36, to be precise. Called ‘Antilia’ it will stretch to about 173.12 meters high with 27 storey which makes it obvious that each floor has a ceiling higher than the regular ones. But even for a family of 6 (Mr. Mukesh Ambani, his wife Nita Ambani, mother Kokilaben and three children Akash, Isha and Anant), 27 storey is a lot of room.The house will be taking care of everything from granting the first 6 floors for ‘car-parking’ where the space will be enough for about 168 cars, to an in-house service centre for the cars right above. The 8th floor is meant for recreational purposes where a mini-theatre with a seating capacity of 50 will be made. It gets better as we go higher; the ninth floor is called the ‘refuge’ floor which is meant to be used for rescue in emergencies. ‘Health is wealth’ and so they have invested some more wealth in creating the above two floors with facilities for athletics and a swimming pool. A health club complete with the latest gym equipment is not too far away being just one floor above this one. Indians are known for their hospitality and warmth and being the true Indians that they are the Ambani mansion, Antilia will also have a two-storeyed glass-fronted apartment for the Ambani family’s guests, above the health floors. The king always takes a seat at the top and so will this one. The top four floors will be abode for the family of six that will provide a view of the Arabian Sea and a superb view of the city’s skyline. When you stay rather reign in such a palace you have to be careful about not just living in there but also maintaining it is a task in itself, no revelation on knowing that they will have 600 full-time personnel working in the building. They have very thoughtfully constructed maintenance and refuge rooms which will be used as and when the need arises. The topmost floor will be an “air space floor,” which will act as a control room for helicopters landing on the helipad above. It doesn’t astonish me at all. I wouldn’t be surprised if he had a runway on top of his mansion. The more I am learning about it the more uncomfortable I am feeling to call it a mansion; it should be called a monument instead. It will be completed sometime in September 2008. That was all about the richest man in India who has very well taught us the lesson of living life ‘king’size!


Who is Kalanidhi Maran?

A business owner, a media baron and the Forbes billionaire- Kalanidhi Maran, 47, owns television channels, magazines, news papers, DTH Service and FM Radio stations in South India. Founder, Chairman and Managing Director of Sun TV Networks, Kalanidhi is television king of Southern India where his Sun TV rules.

Born in 1964 in a family deep-rooted in politics, Kalanidhi is the son of former Union Minister of commerce Murasoli Maran, brother of ex-textile minister Dayanidhi Maran and grandnephew of former Tamil Nadu Chief Minister M Karunanidhi. He is married to Kaveri (who hails from Coorg in Karnataka) in 1991 and has a 15-year-old daughter, Kavya.

Kalanidhi is the alma mater of the prestigious Don Bosco in Egmore, Chennai. He took a Commerce degree from Chennai’s Loyola College. An MBA from University of Scaranton, USA, Kalanidhi returned to India in 1987 to join family-run Tamil magazine- Kungumam, even as his father was keen to send him for doctoral studies.

South Indian media baron owns regional broadcaster Sun TV Network, which he launched in 1993 as a channel, beaming three-hour programmes daily. Today it has 20 television channels that reach 95 million households. The Sun Empire is a powerful media entity in four southern states, and Kalanidhi, is the highest paid CEO in the country.

Sun Picture’s first production venture — Endhiran (Robot), starring Rajnikanth and Aishwariya Rai Bachchan did good business at box office. He also owns 45 FM radio stations, two daily newspapers, four magazines.

Kalanidhi expanded his business into aviation to sign the much-coveted deal with budget carrier SpiceJet, thus raising many eyebrows when he left behind well-known corporate names to close the deal.It was his this business acumen that Forbes has estimated his net worth US $ 2.9 Billion in 2010 making him India’s Top 20 Richest people.In May 2007, office of Klanidhi owned Tamil daily newspaper, Dinakaran was attacked after it published a survey whose results showed majority of the people of Tamil Nadu favoured Karunanidhi’s younger son M K Stalin as his likely successor as against Karuna’s elder son M K Azhagiri.However in 2010, a criminal case against Kalanithi was filed by Azhagiri owned Cable TV Distrubiton Company Jak communications.

Kalanidhi has recently been in the middle of controversies following the controversy entailing Dayanidhi Maran over his alleged role in the 2G spectrum allocation scam. Dayanidhi Maran, the ex-textiles minister and a senior leader of the DMK, had allegedly misused his office as Telecom Minister to establish a virtual telephone exchange of nearly 300 phone lines at his house which were then secretly made available for use to Sun TV.


Sadistic Killer

Charles Chi-tat Ng – A Troubled Teen:

Charles Chi-tat Ng was born in Hong Kong on Dec. 24, 1960. His father was a wealthy executive and a strict disciplinarian. Ng was a troubled teen and was expelled from various schools. His father tried to help Ng straighten out his life by sending him to a boarding school in England where his uncle was a teacher. Not long after his arrival, he was caught stealing from his fellow classmates. When he was caught shoplifting from a local store he was expelled from school and returned to Hong Kong.Ng Comes to the United States:

At the age of 18 Ng obtained a U.S. student visa and attended Notre Dame College in California. After one semester, he dropped out and hung around until October 1979, when he was convicted in a hit-and- run automobile offense and ordered to pay restitution. Instead of paying, Ng opted to join the Marines and lied on his enlistment application by putting he was a U.S. citizen and his birthplace was Bloomington, Indiana. The military authorities believed it and enlisted him.
Ng’s Military Career – A Career Built on Lies:

After a year in the Marines, Ng had become a lance corporal but his career was cut short after a 1981 incident involving the theft of weapons stolen from an armory at the Kaneohe Marine Corps Air Station in Hawaii. Ng, along with three other soldiers, stole a range of weapons including two M-16 assault rifles and three grenade launchers. Ng fled before being arrested, but was caught by military police a month later and locked up in a Marine jail in Hawaii to await trial.
Ng Does Time In Leavenworth Prison:

Almost immediately after his incarceration, Ng managed to escape from jail and fled to California. It was there that he met up with Leonard Lake and Lake’s wife, Claralyn Balasz. The three became roommates until their arrest by the FBI on weapons charges. Ng was convicted and sent to Leavenworth Prison where he served three years. Lake made bail and went into hiding in a remote cabin owned by his wife’s parents in Wilseyville, California, located at the foot of the Sierra Nevada Mountains.
Ng and Lake Reunite and Their Ghastly Crimes Begin:

After Ng’s release from prison, he reunited with Lake at the cabin. Shortly after the reunion, the two began living out the sexually sadistic and murderous fantasies of Lake. There seemed no barriers to who the two would murder with the list including Lake’s own brother, babies, husband and wives, and friends of Lake’s, all totaling seven men, three women and two babies. Authorities believe the number of victims murdered by the two to be much higher, with many of the dead still unidentified.
Ng’s Inept Shoplifting Skills Surface Again:

Ng’s inability to shoplift ended the pair’s torturous murder spree. Ng and Lake stopped at a lumberyard to get a replacement for a bench vise they broke when using it to torture their victims. An employee contacted police after seeing Ng shoplift a vise and place it into the pair’s car. Realizing he had been seen he took off. Lake tried to convince police it was all a misunderstanding but when one of the officers looked in the trunk of Lake’s car, he spotted a .22 revolver and a silencer.
Lake’s Lies Fail To Save Him:

Officer Wright did a check on the 1980 Honda Prelude that Lake was driving and the registration number matched to a Buick registered in the name of Lonnie Bond. Lake produced his driver’s license, and it showed he was a 26-year-old named Robin Stapley. Wright was suspicious since Lake looked considerably older than 26. He ran a check on the serial number from the gun, and it came back as being owned by Stapley. Lake was arrested for owning the illegal gun.
The End of Leonard Lake:

Lake sat handcuffed in a room at the police station. When informed that the Honda he was driving was registered to a man who had been reported missing, Lake requested a pen and paper and a glass of water. The officer obliged him and Lake scribbled a note, told the officer his and Ng’s real names, than swallowed two cyanide pills he retrieved from behind his collar. He went into convulsions and was rushed to the hospital where he remained in a comatose state until he died.
Ghastly Secrets Uncovered:

The police began to investigate Lake, figuring his suicide could be related to a more serious crime. They visited the cabin where Lake and Ng lived and immediately found bones in the cabin’s driveway. Ng was on the run as the investigators began to uncover the gruesome crimes that took place on the property. Remnants of charred body parts, corpses, bone chips, and a variety of personal belongings, weapons and videotapes were found.
Operation Miranda:

Inside the cabin’s master bedroom, police uncovered various pieces of women’s bloody lingerie. The four-poster bed had wires tied around each poster and retraints bolted into the floor. Blood was found in various places including under the mattress. Also discovered was Lake’s diary where he detailed the various acts of torture, rape and murder that he and Ng had performed on their victims in what he referred to as, ‘Operation Miranda.’
Operation Miranda was a confusing fantasy that Lake created that centered on the end of the world and his need to dominate women who would eventually become his sexual slaves. Ng became a partner to his fantasy and the two began trying to turn it into some kind of demented and sick reality.

On the property, investigators found a bunker that was partially built into a hillside. Inside the bunker were three rooms, two that were hidden. The first hidden room contained various tools and a sign with the words “The Miranda” hanging on the wall. The second hidden room was a 3 x7 cell with a bed, chemical commode, table, one-way mirror, constraints, no light, and was wired for sound. The room was designed so that at anytime the inhabitant could be watched and heard from the outer room.

On videotapes found by police, two women at separate times were shown bound, taunted with knives by Ng, and threatened by Lake with death if they failed to concede to being sexual slaves. One woman was forced to strip, then later raped. The other woman had her clothing cut away by Ng. She begged for information about her baby but eventually gave in to the pair’s demands after they threatened her life and the life of her baby if she didn’t cooperate. Complete details of what the tapes revealed to the investigators was never disclosed.Report: Sadistic Killer Lesbians Shared Blood Lust
They drugged, bludgeoned and strangled their 16-year-old victim to death then they knelt over her lifeless, bloody body to kiss before dumping her in a wheelbarrow.
The horrific murder of Stacey Mitchell has attracted national headlines in Australia but questions remain as to why her roommates of only four days, Valerie Page Parashumti and Jessica Ellen Stasinowsky, violently attacked and killed the former Leeming High schoolgirl.
Supreme Court justice Peter Blaxell sentenced Parashumti, 19, and Stasinowsky, 21, to 24 years in jail each.
Blaxell said the “particularly horrifying and shocking” crime was devoid of a substantial motive.
“You have each had more than a year in custody to reflect upon the evilness of your crime yet you still lack remorse and obviously place no value on the sanctity of human life,” he said. “There is also the added problem that you each enjoy being sexually aroused by the infliction of violence.”
Stasinowsky and Parashumti, who had been together just a month, have offered no explanation or motive for the killing other than that Stacey “annoyed” them.

One theory put to the court was that the couple appeared obsessed with proving their love for each other.
Both pleaded guilty last November to one count each of willful murder but they still do not seem to understand the gravity of their crime.
Court hearings have been punctuated with laughter, smirking and smiling.
Even during sentencing submissions in January, the couple was told twice by Blaxell to stop their light-hearted behavior as the graphic details of the crime were read.
Stacey was killed in the early hours of Dec. 18, 2006, at the Lathlain house she shared with Parashumti and Stasinowsky after running away from home 11 days earlier.
She moved in during the evening on Dec. 14, but told her parents the day before she was killed that she wanted to return home.
Police found her body four days later, upside down, in a wheelbarrow in a shed at the back of the house.
Prosecutor Dave Dempster described the killing as a sustained attack that lasted at least half an hour. He has demanded strict-security imprisonment — a non-parole period of at least 20 to 30 years.
“It appears that the deceased was killed simply because she was found to be annoying to the offenders,” Dempster said.
A fourth housemate, David Ross John Haynes, 27, has been jailed for two years for being an accessory after the fact to the murder, which took place at his father’s house.
The court heard the attack started in the kitchen after the trio had been drinking alcohol and Stacey had been slipped a sleeping pill.
Dempster said Parashumti started raining blows on Stacey while Bach’s “St John’s Passion” was playing throughout the house.
During the attack Parashumti complained Stacey was taking too long to die so she continued to beat her while Stasinowsky wrapped a belt chain around her neck.
The women monitored her pulse after she fell unconscious and then kissed each other over the body once she died.
Then they videotaped the blood-drenched crime scene on a mobile phone, on which they are heard mocking Stacey’s English accent.
“It ends with Parashumti saying, ‘I tell you man, when I was beating the f— out of her with a rock,’ and then there’s laughter from Stasinowsky,” Dempster told the court.
Neither of the two killers had serious criminal records and both were young women — Parashumti was 18 and Stasinowsky was 19 at the time of the murder.
Parashumti’s lawyer, David Edwardson, said his client had never had a serious relationship before meeting Stasinowsky.
Edwardson said Parashumti had a violent family life and had also been associated with the vampire subculture since the age of 10 when she started experimenting with drinking blood. At first from her own cuts then later that of others.
He said initially Parashumti liked Stacey but the friendship quickly became strained when Stacey talked about committing suicide.
“Anyone who kills themselves obviously they don’t appreciate their own lives [sic],” the court heard Parashumti told her lawyer. “I wish I had a f—ing perfect world.”
Stasinowsky too had a troubled adolescence before leaving home at 16.
As an only child of a single working mother, the court heard she felt extreme loneliness and was “emotionally barren.”
Stasinowsky’s lawyer Andree Horrigan said her client believed the relationship with Parashumti was “strong and solid.”
“There was always this basis that she and Ms Parashumti were a unit and were conjoined essentially,” she said. “They were a partnership.”
By all accounts, Stacey was a typical teen — outgoing, fun-loving and full of youthful spirit.
Her MySpace Web site was decorated with bright pink wallpaper of Playboy bunnies.
“My name is stacey, Im english, I love me alochol, i’m a party gurl, music is me life, i cant live with out my friends, im a very loud person, i talk 24/7, im a very down to earth person if you get to know me …xxx,[sic]” the Web site said.
Stasinowsky and Parashumti’s lawyers have both asked the judge to consider their young ages and early guilty pleas in sentencing.

A Killer’s Rampage
Vanished

Coral Gables High School

Elizabeth Kenyon taught emotionally disturbed children in 1984 at Coral Gables High School, south of Miami, Florida, but hoped one day to return to fashion modeling. At age 23, she was the kind of beautiful young woman that turned men’s heads. Two years earlier, she had won the title of Orange Bowl Princess and had been a finalist in the Miss Florida Contest. With thick brown hair and a wide, sociable grin, she made friends easily.

Elizabeth Kenyon
On March 4, Kenyon left her apartment in Coral Gables to visit her parents in Pompano Beach, a trip she made every weekend. According to Bruce Gibney, in his book, The Beauty Queen Killer, Beth’s father noticed bruises on her arms and legs that day. Alarmed, he asked her what had happened. She shrugged it off as a schoolyard fight that she had broken up.

The Beauty Queen Killer
Kenyon stayed with her parents until 9:00 that evening, and then got into her car to return home. Her roommate recalled that she arrived around 10 and went to bed. She went to work the next day and spoke to Mitch Fry, the school’s police officer and security patrol, in the parking lot. He watched her get into her car and drive away. Fry was to be the last person to see Kenyon alive. On Tuesday, she did not show up for work, so Fry called her roommate and learned that Beth had not come home the night before. Nor had she called to tell anyone where she was.

Beth was not the type that would go somewhere without telling someone. Calls to others who knew her got everyone worried. Her parents began calling around to friends and to hospitals, with no luck. Finally, they contacted the police at the Metro Dade Public Safety Department and filed a missing person report.

Christopher Wilder

Several days went by with no news, so Bill Kenyon took matters into his own hands. He hired a private investigator, Kenneth Whittaker, to look into the matter. He discovered that there were several men in Beth’s life, and thus several potential suspects: Beth had been on a dinner date recently with a man from West Germany; she had begun seeing a man again with whom she had broken off the relationship; and she had occasionally been having dinner with a former boyfriend, a photographer named Christopher Wilder. She had told her father that on their first date, Wilder had been a real gentleman. After a few more dates, he had even proposed marriage. But Beth had felt that at seventeen years her senior, he was too old for her. So over the past two years, they had remained friends.

Whittaker questioned Beth’s parents about each of these men and learned that Beth had mentioned Wilder to them the day before she had disappeared. He’d gotten her an opportunity to do some modeling for good money.

Yet a call to Wilder produced only disappointing results. The man claimed he had not seen Beth in over a month. The other two men did not seem viable suspects, either.

The investigation seemed to have reached a dead-end when another former boyfriend stopped at a gas station in Coral Gables to show Beth’s picture around. It was a Shell station where Beth normally bought her gas. To everyone’s surprise, two attendants said that Beth had been there on Monday afternoon. She was about to pay when a man in a gray Cadillac drove in behind her and paid the bill. Beth seemed to know him and she mentioned that they were on the way to the airport. When the attendants were shown photographs, they easily picked out Chris Wilder as the man with her. Beth’s car was subsequently found at Miami International Airport. Yet she had not packed to go anywhere.

The police would not help with what was still a missing person’s case, so Bill Kenyon staked out Wilder’s house himself. When he did not find the man at home, he sent his investigator to the Boynton Beach Police to ask about Wilder. They told Whittaker they had a lengthy rap sheet on him. He was far from the “gentleman” that Beth had once described. He’d had a history of sexual offenses.

Beth’s parents suddenly realized that — on the very night that Beth had visited them for the last time, they had seen a television report about another missing woman — one who looked very much like Beth.

The Kenyons were chilled by the resemblance. Their instinct was that Wilder had been involved in their daughter’s disappearance, and that perhaps he had abducted both women.A Link

Rosario Gonzales

Rosario Gonzales, 20, had disappeared on February 26, 2000. She’d been working at a temporary job distributing aspirin samples at the Miami Grand Prix racetrack, where witnesses said she had left around noon with an older man. She, too, had pretty dark eyes and long, brown hair. She had not even picked up her paycheck.

Human Monsters

Nothing clearly linked the two, except that Kenyon knew Christopher Wilder, who sometimes drove cars in races and often hung around at the Miami racetrack. Also, both had participated in the Miss Florida contest and wanted to be models. (In the book Human Monsters David Everitt reports that Rosario had previously posed for a book cover that Wilder photographed.)

That Wilder had lied about seeing Beth made him suspect. Now a look at his case file at the Boynton Beach police station convinced the private investigator that Wilder could very well be a sexual predator. Beth’s rejection of his marriage proposal may have elevated her danger.

Whittaker went with an ex-police officer to talk with Wilder at his office at the Sawtel Construction Company, which he owned with a partner. Wilder pulled up in the gray Cadillac described by the gas station attendants. Yet inside his office, he repeated his denial of having seen Beth in the past few days. He insisted the attendants had made a mistake in their identification. Then he brought in his secretary to vouch for his whereabouts, but that proved to have been a mistake.

The investigators told her they were looking for Beth Kenyon, and she said, yes, the girl whose car was found at the airport.

No one had mentioned an airport and finding the car had not been made public. The secretary seemed flustered and asked Wilder if that wasn’t the information he had given to her.

Wilder was quick. He said that Beth’s mother had told him that.

Mrs. Kenyon later denied it.

Around the same time, the police learned that Rosario Gonzales, the other missing girl, had also known Christopher Wilder. That information spurred them into a countywide hunt, following numerous leads and tips, many of which were mistaken identifications or dead-ends. Then Whittaker informed them that Christopher Wilder had been at the Miami Grand Prix and that he was a suspect in Beth Kenyon’s disappearance.

These disappearances became a more serious matter, and regular detectives from Metro Dade were now assigned to Beth Kenyon’s case, with the possibility that the same suspect had kidnapped two girls within a week’s time. They placed information in the newspaper, hoping to get some help from the public.

Just as Christopher Wilder was celebrating his 39th birthday on March 13, the police were collecting a file on him. Three days later, he read in the Miami Herald that “a racecar driver” and “wealthy contractor” was suspected in the disappearances, and he realized it was time to move. He did keep his appointment with his therapist, who was treating him for sex crimes for which he’d received parole. Knowing his preference for girls with long hair and his fantasy about holding a girl captive, the therapist asked if he knew anything about the missing Rosario. He looked her in the eye and denied it.

Two days later, he dropped his three dogs at a kennel, withdrew a substantial amount of money from the bank, and told his partner he was being framed and was “not going to jail.” He got into his 1973 Chrysler New Yorker sedan and drove off. He had said to others that stress was bad for him. Now it was about to provoke a shocking spree.The Development of a Sadist

Born March 13, 1945, Christopher Bernard Wilder was the oldest child of an American naval officer and an Australian native. Immediately after he was born, writes Michael Newton in The Encyclopedia of Serial Killers, he was so close to death that a priest gave him Last Rites. Yet he recovered, though he remained sickly, and at the age of two, he almost drowned in a swimming pool. A year later, he had an attack of convulsions that made him faint.

His childhood was fairly stable, but he did some window-peeking in early adolescence and got into trouble when he was seventeen. He was arrested with a group of friends for the gang-rape of a girl on the beach of Sydney, Australia. He pleaded guilty and received a year of probation with counseling and electroshock therapy. That apparently provided some fuel for his fantasies, writes Gibney, for unlike before this treatment, he now imagined shocking girls while having sex with them. Therapists noted his need to dominate women and his desire to turn them into slaves for his pleasure. He wanted to hold a woman captive against her will.

When he was 23, he married a woman, who soon discovered his sexual dark side and left him after only eight days. He had photographs of naked women in a briefcase, and he apparently used these to try to force a nurse into sexual relations. Instead, she went to the police but did not press charges in court.

Disguise of Sanity

Around this time, Wilder, who had lived in the United States at one point during childhood, immigrated to there in 1969, settling in Florida, where he did very well for himself during a building boom in the electrical and construction business. He bought a nice home, began racing cars, and developed his photography hobby. (Michael Cartel points out in Disguise of Sanity that the diamond ring he wore was fake, his Porsche was twenty years old, and his nice home was constructed from leftover materials, so much of his glitter was a façade.) He got into real estate, which further enriched him. He had a speedboat, sporty cars, and a home with an indoor-outdoor pool. He was known to hold some wild parties.

But he got into trouble again. In 1971, he was turned in to the police for trying to get women to pose for him in the nude. He wanted to take their photographs. He got off with a fine. Lying low for a while, he resurfaced with the police when in a home in which he was doing a renovation he forced a high school student to have oral sex. She turned him in and this time, he went to court. When asked if he was sane enough to stand trial, Earl James says in Catching Serial Killers that he told the judge he was masturbating twice a week to the mental image of raping a girl. He did not think what he had done to the girl was wrong.

A doctor who examined him said that he was not safe in an unstructured environment. He and another psychiatrist recommended supervised treatment. Wilder tried to get his lawyer to make a deal, but the case went to trial. Nevertheless, a jury acquitted him.

His next act, three years later, was outright rape. He adopted the name “David Pierce” to approach two girls in a shopping center, posing as a photographer who needed models for a job he had under contract. One went with him and he drugged her and forced her to have sex in his truck. She turned him in. But he plea-bargained the charges down to probation with therapy. At that time he claimed he suffered from blackouts on weekends. He was scheduled to see a sex therapist, who over the months of treatment believed he made progress.

Wilder returned to Australia to see his parents, but he did not stay out of trouble. In 1982, he was accused of grabbing two fifteen-year-old girls from a beach and forcing them to pose without clothes for photographs. Cartel says that he bound them into subservient positions and masturbated over them. He let them go and they went to the police.

His parents posted his substantial bail and he was allowed to return to Florida until his trial, set five months away. Then it was postponed, and postponed again, and by the time his hearings were finally scheduled for April of 1984, he wasn’t an easy man to find. Had even one of these judges understood the danger of this sexual predator, he might have been stopped before so many girls died.On the Run

“This case contains several lessons which are significant to those called upon to investigate serial murders, “ writes Earl James. He devotes a chapter to the Wilder case because it was an example of a man who traveled thousands of miles and whose behaviors were novel and extraordinarily depraved. In particular, he notes, investigators must be vigilant when they suspect someone of such crimes, because these men will get others to lie for them and establish phony alibis.

James believes that the police involved should have asked Wilder to take a polygraph in the Kenyon case rather than just accept his version of events. It was a mistake that allowed this man to get away. They had enough on him to make the request and not doing so was a serious misstep. It was also a mistake not to place him under surveillance the instant a link between the two missing women was suspected.

Almost right away, it’s suspected that he picked up a girl in Merritt Square shopping mall on Sunday, the day after he left, by luring her with the promise of a modeling career—her ultimate ambition.

Terry Ferguson

Terry Ferguson, 21, was from Satellite Beach, Florida, two hours north of where Wilder had departed. She was not far from home when she disappeared, and she was last seen at several different stores in the mall. Her stepfather found her car still parked there. An hour after she was last seen, Wilder called for a tow truck to come to a state road near Canaveral Groves to pull his car out of the sand. It was a lovers’ lane, but he was alone. He claimed he had gotten lost. He paid for the tow with his business partner’s stolen credit card. Once free, he was on his way.

Five days later on March 23, a female body was found about 70 miles west of Terry Ferguson’s hometown, dumped in a snake-infested canal. The body was identified from dental charts as Terry. Once the story ran in the local newspaper, a witness came forward to say that she had seen the long-haired brunette talking to a tall older man. Looking through mug shots, without hesitation she picked out Wilder as the man with whom Terry had been speaking. But he was now long gone and had even killed again.

Yet in his self-destructive drive, he made a serious mistake.Shock Treatments

His next victim was from Tallahassee, but he had grabbed her on March 20 from a shopping mall near Florida State University. Leaving her in a motel, he had driven her car to various places before abandoning it, and then had taken her across the Florida state line into Bainbridge, Georgia, close to Louisiana. Only 19, she was blond and pretty. She had fallen for his line and made herself vulnerable. Instead of photographing her as promised, he tortured her, and from her the police were able to learn a more detailed version of Wilder’s peculiar modus operandi.

Around 11:00 that night, she screamed at the motel, waking other overnight guests. A man intent on locating the source of the distress passed by another man with a suitcase who was rushing out. The stranger in a hurry excused himself, speaking in a foreign accent. He sped out of the parking lot as if to escape someone. And the screams had stopped, so there was no way to find the room from which they had originated.

However, the girl eventually found her way to the night manager’s desk. He was stunned to see her standing there, wrapped only in a sheet, her hair soaked in blood. Something was wrong with her eyes, but she urged him to call the police immediately, so he did. He called an ambulance as well, and they were able to determine that this girl’s eyelids had been glued shut, and they found bruises all over her body.

The motel clerk supplied the police with the name of the man who had registered for the room, paying with cash and using a Florida driver’s license. He was in his mid-to-late thirties, around six feet tall, deeply tanned, and physically fit. He had thinning brown hair and a trimmed beard.

A search of the room revealed that while the man may have packed quickly, he had taken anything that could have helped them to identify him. Yet there were bloodstains on the wall, duct tape on the floor, and an indication that someone had used the bed. It was time to speak to the girl.

At the hospital, she told police officers that she had been shopping at a mall near where she went to college and was in the parking lot when the man had approached her. He told her that he was a photographer looking for a model to pose for him. She need only go with him to a nearby park, with no obligation. He told her she had a fresh face and she was just the type he was seeking. He would pay her $25 for less than an hour.

He seemed sincere and credible. He was well dressed, in a pin-stripe suit and was not at all pushy. She had hesitated for a moment, but then decided to go along with him. At his car, he’d shown her some fashion magazines and claimed that several of the impressive photos were his work.

Something told this girl not to go with him, so she thanked him and declined. At that moment, he punched her hard in the stomach. Then he hit her in the face and pushed her into his car. She couldn’t breathe, let alone struggle, and he was already in the car and driving fast before she got her bearings. When he stopped near a wooded area, he placed duct tape over her mouth and bound her hands together. A little farther away, he stopped again and placed her in the trunk of his sedan. She lay there, bound and gagged, for hours while the man drove to an unknown destination. When he finally stopped, he opened the trunk, wrapped her in a sleeping blanket, and carried her over his shoulder into a motel room. She had no idea where they were or what he might do next.

The man said that if she did not remain quiet, he would kill her. Then he began to subject her to torture. Cartel says that he intended to keep her there and torture her over a period of several days.

He made her undress and then lay down next to her and masturbated. (James says he also shaved off her pubic hair and Cartel adds that he put a knife to her groin to see how she would react.) Then he made her perform sexual acts, and finally he raped her twice. All this time, he was watching the television. She hoped this might be all he would do, but apparently he had decided to make things more interesting for himself. He pulled out an electrical cord, which appeared to have been cut in the middle and fashioned for some specific purpose. There was even a switch. She found out what this contraption was for when he applied two open copper wires to her flesh and used the cord to painfully shock her feet.

Afterward, he used a bottle of Superglue with an applicator to force her eyes shut, then used a blow dryer to try to harden it. He did a poor job of it, since she managed to see what he was doing through tiny slits.

He turned the channels until he found an aerobics show, and then ordered his abductee to get up and dance in the way the women were dancing on the tube. She could barely see, but she complied. Her feet were still wired, so when she did not perform as he wanted, he shocked her into obedience.

The television seemed to mesmerize him. After a while, he stopped paying attention to her and remained glued to the screen. She thought she might be able to escape, so she moved toward the bathroom. He came at her, grabbing a hairdryer to hit her in the head. He had told her that if she tried to escape, he would kill her and now she faced that possibility. The girl was terrified. Nevertheless, she struggled with him and managed to get into the bathroom and lock the door. Her eye had been gouged and was bleeding, but for the moment she was safe. She turned around to the wall that was shared between rooms and pounded, screaming as loudly as she could.

She heard fumbling in the room and then the door slam closed. She prayed that he was gone. Yet she waited fully half an hour before she dared to venture out to see. She hoped her screams had frightened him. When she cracked open the door, sure enough, he had packed his “toys” and left. He’d even taken her clothes. But she thought he might still come back, so she ran out, grabbed a bed sheet to cover herself, and went in search of help.

Wilder Wanted poster

At any moment, she knew, she might still encounter her captor, and he could still kill her. Yet to her relief, she made it to the motel office without being stopped.

After she told her story, the sheriff issued notices to all patrol cars to be on the lookout for a cream-colored Chrysler sedan, and sent bulletins to neighboring states. They also sent a notice to the FBI, since with a kidnapping they could now step in. In fact, they had already been on the case while Wilder was still in Florida.

Aware of the two missing girls in Florida, they gave this incident a lot of attention. Christopher Wilder, a convicted sex offender, was a very dangerous man, and he was desperate. Yet despite his knowledge that the law was after him, he was clearly unafraid of approaching and grabbing girls along the way.

No one spotted the car. Wilder managed to get to Texas, where he found his next victim.Frenzy

Terry Walden

Terry Diane Walden, a 24-year-old nurse from Beaumont and mother of two, told her husband on March 21 that a bearded older man had approached her and asked if she would pose for him as a model. She had turned him down, but he had asked her to go with him to his car to see some samples of his work. She requested quite firmly that he leave her alone. Then two days later on Friday, she disappeared. Her husband failed to make the connection at first.

A friend had seen her around 11:30 that morning, hurrying through the student union at the college where she took classes, and her orange Mercury Cougar was gone from where she usually parked it. Her frantic family went through the weekend trying to locate her.

Then on Monday morning, March 26, a worker found her floating facedown in a canal near a dam. She was fully clothed. The pathologist found that she had been tied up with different types of rope at one point, gagged with tape, and stabbed multiple times, but there was no indication of sexual assault.

Forty detectives were assigned to the case. They found a strip of duct tape in the water, footprints nearby, and tire tracks, but could not find Terry’s car.

The FBI came in to help. They knew that Wilder had stolen license plates in Baton Rouge shortly before to place on his Chrysler. He had stayed at a motel near Beaumont where he had registered under his partner’s name, L.K. Kimbrell. Terry’s husband supplied a description of the man who had approached her, and it matched Wilder. Then his abandoned Chrysler, sans plates, was located. It appeared that he had removed the stolen plates from his car and had probably put them on Terry’s. At least they knew the car he was using, and the license plate number. But he had a head start. By then he’d reached Nevada, via Oklahoma and Colorado. Reports of missing women were turning up almost daily.

On March 25, Wilder had grabbed Suzanne Logan, 21, from an Oklahoma City shopping mall, where she had driven after dropping her husband off at work. Because she did not keep an appointment that afternoon or pick her husband up, he reported her missing. On the same day that Terry Walden was discovered, a fisherman found Logan floating in a reservoir. Unlike Walden, she had been tortured and raped before she was stabbed to death. Some of her clothes had been removed, James says, and her face was badly bruised. She also had small cuts on her back, as if stabbed superficially with a knife. Her pubic hair was shaved and her long blond locks had been snipped off. Eventually a maid found her hair in a wastebasket at a motel. Logan had likely been lured by her interest in modeling, and Gibney says she had been dead less than an hour when she was found, but was not identified for over a week.

Sheryl Bonaventura

Shortly after this grisly discovery, but in Colorado, blonde Sheryl Bonaventura, 18, was kidnapped from a Grand Junction mall, and a witness described a bearded, well-dressed man who looked like Wilder talking with her. He had wandered through the mall, soliciting women for photographs and modeling jobs. Someone had seen him with Sheryl, a girl who’d already done some modeling and hoped to do more. She had likely been an easy mark for him. Her Mazda was left in the parking lot, locked, with her sunglasses inside. With a nationwide alert now targeting Christopher Wilder as a fugitive and predator of pretty girls, this missing-persons report received immediate attention.

A waitress later said she had spotted Sheryl on the same day she disappeared having lunch in Silverton, Colorado, a hundred miles away, with a man who looked like Wilder. She had given her name to the waitress and told her they were heading for Vegas. Another teenage girl had eaten lunch and left the restaurant with them as well.

Wilder and company spent the night in a motel in Durango and went into Las Vegas, but that was the end of the ride for Sheryl. Wilder was already scouting out his next prey.

She disappeared from Las Vegas on April Fool’s Day. Only 17 but highly photogenic, Michelle Korfman had been in a fashion show sponsored by Seventeen magazine, and a photograph examined later showed Wilder in attendance, smiling broadly as he watched her. She wanted to be a model. It probably wasn’t difficult for him to persuade her to accompany him, or at least to listen to him until he had her at a disadvantage. Witnesses saw them leave together, and other people recall him approaching a number of women that day about modeling. Eight turned him down, but some had agreed to meet him in front of Caesar’s Palace. He had not shown up. Michelle’s car was found, which meant that Wilder was still driving the orange Mercury.

On April 3, the FBI placed Wilder on their Ten Most Wanted list, and the intensive manhunt picked up steam.A Profile

At the time the Behavioral Science Unit had been in operation for six years, with John Douglas as chief, and the agents were developing the computer database known as ViCAP. They had gone out to a number of locations to assist with serial crimes like rape and murder, and now they had Christopher Wilder to consider. In Human Monsters, David Everitt points out that this was the same month in which Henry Lee Lucas was convicted of murder in Texas, after confessing to hundreds across several states.

In Wilder’s case, they knew who the perpetrator was, they just did not know where he was or where he would strike next on his path of death. Several times, they arrived at a motel or restaurant within hours of his departure. He kept stealing license plates and driving in erratic directions. He was exceedingly difficult to predict.

While they judged him to be a classic serial killer, in retrospect there are many criminologists who classify him as a spree killer. Yet if he had killed the two women he had abducted in Florida and had continued in that pattern, without getting nervous and running, then he would be a serial killer. There was some evidence later that he might have killed several years before.

He was compulsive about killing. It was a sexual addiction. He was a charming white male in his 30s, spurred by sexual fantasies and excited by a certain type of victim—in this case, beautiful young women who could be models. Hence, he was dubbed “The Beauty Queen Killer.” He was highly mobile, willing to drive long distances to keep doing what he was doing. James says “It is not unusual for a serial killer to drive between 100,000 and 200,000 miles in a year.”

Putting him on the Ten Most Wanted list generated more publicity about him countrywide and made it clear that catching him was an urgent matter. Everitt says the FBI did not want to reveal many details of Wilder’s brutality for fear of inspiring copycat crimes. Authorities monitored the use of the credit cards Wilder had stolen from his partner, but it was still difficult to determine where he was going. They expected that at some point he would try leaving the country.

The best bet for him was Mexico, since that government would not extradite a man who might face the death penalty or life without parole, as Wilder surely would do. At the very least, it would take years.

To try to get a better sense of Wilder’s personality, people who knew him were interviewed. His business partner said that he spent a lot of time watching television, because he didn’t have much else to do, while others claimed that beautiful women went to his home in droves. He even had a girlfriend who could not believe the charges, although she recalled several strange incidents. Once Wilder had commanded her to leave his home, fearing he might hurt her, and another time, she had woken up to find him at the foot of her bed. He claimed he did not know how he had gotten there or why. Someone brought forward photographs that Wilder had left for developing, which included women he did not know and prepubescent children. He had told his girlfriend that his photography hobby was a sickness, but he had to do it.

In Florida, the manager of a dating service offered a tape that Wilder had made in 1981. He talked a lot about himself on the tape and said that he wanted a long relationship but not marriage. He was seeking “depth and sincerity.” He also indicated that he preferred women in their early 20s. The FBI broadcast the tape to help women who were approached by him to see him for what he was. He could be anywhere, and any pretty woman was a potential victim. There were a lot of shopping malls around the country, and one thing they knew for sure was that he would not stop abducting and killing pretty girls until he was caught.Younger Victims

A sixteen-year-old girl, Tina Marie, had filled out a job application at Hickory Farms, north of Torrance, California. Wilder had followed her into the store and on their way outside he offered her $100 to pose for him. He was shooting a billboard, he said, and she would be seen for miles around. What he needed, however, were a few test rolls.

Apparently she did pose for some photos for him, but after one roll, she told him she had to go home. To her surprise, he grew angry. He pulled out a revolver and stuck the barrel into her mouth. He then said, “Your modeling days are over.”

Binding her, he put her into his car—still the stolen one from Texas—and drove with her for over two hundred miles to El Centro, California. There he already had a motel room, and he took her inside. He tied her to the bed and attacked her. Yet he did not kill her.

“It has been speculated,” says Michael Cartel, “that Wilder stopped short of killing [her] because he believed she was robotic enough to help him capture other victims.”

A missing-persons report was filed right away. She had family and a boyfriend who insisted she would not have run away. She clearly had been at Hickory Farms. From there, no one knew where she had gone, but she had not come home. The store manager identified Christopher Wilder as the man he had seen approach her.

Wilder and his captive now turned and drove east. They stayed in Taos, New Mexico, on April 7. He began to spot newspaper articles about him wherever he went, and the videotape from the dating service was broadcast on television. Now millions of people would know him on sight. They knew what kind of car he was driving.

Yet that did not stop him.

Dawnette Wilt

The next girl was also sixteen. Dawnette Wilt was filling out a form at a store in Gary, Indiana, when another girl interrupted her, introduced herself as Tina Marie Wilder, and asked her to step outside the store to speak to the manager. That turned out to be Wilder. He had forced one victim to lure yet another, and he grabbed Dawnette and used a gun to force her into the car. He placed duct tape over both her eyes and mouth. Since he had a driver—Tina Marie, who had already been assaulted—he was free to torment and rape Dawnette in the car.

They stopped at a hotel in Ohio, where Dawnette was treated to Wilder’s special torture device, and then they all drove across Pennsylvania to New York State. Tina Marie and Wilder took photographs at Niagara Falls before they went to Rochester, New York for the night. There, Dawnette was raped and tortured once again. Wilder warned both girls that if they tried to draw attention to themselves or to escape, he would kill them. They believed him, and while he took three or four showers each day, they remained in the various rooms.

When Wilder saw on television an appeal for Tina Marie’s return, he drove them both away and then took Dawnette out into the woods near Penn Yan. He tried to suffocate her, but she struggled so much he could not get a grip. So he took out his knife and stabbed her, front and back. She pretended to be dead, so he left her there and walked back to the car. When she knew he was gone, she struggled to her feet and walked out to a road where she found someone who would take her to a hospital. She told the police that Wilder was driving the Mercury Cougar and was heading toward Canada. He had told the girls that he would not be taken alive.

Beth Dodge

Even so, he wasn’t so desperate yet that he didn’t have time to go for yet another victim. At Eastview Mall near Victor, New York, he had Tina Marie persuade 33-year-old Beth Dodge, who was getting out of a gold Pontiac Trans-Am, to come over to their car. Wilder forced her inside and took her car keys. He had Tina Marie drive the Trans-Am, following him. When Wilder found a deserted gravel pit, he made the woman get out and he shot her in the back. He left the Mercury there and took the Trans-Am.

Wilder seemed to know his time was just about up. He drove to Boston’s Logan Airport, gave Tina Marie enough money to fly back home and get a cab, and they parted ways. In Los Angeles, she later said that he had expressed a desire that she not be with him when he died.

She barely got away with her life, and even boarding the plane, she said, she believed she would be shot in the back. Oddly, when she arrived in Los Angeles, she asked the cab driver to take her to a lingerie store first. She spoke to the sales manager and told her that Wilder had cut her hair short to make her look like the girl in the movie Flashdance. Then some friends saw her and took her to the police.

Cornering the Killer

On April 13, Wilder tried to grab another girl. He saw a nineteen-year-old by the side of the road whose car had broken down. Wilder offered to give her a lift to get gas, but when he passed the gas station, she knew something was up. She insisted he stop, so he pulled out a gun. However, he had to slow down in one place, and she grabbed the opportunity to open the door and leap out. Rolling away, she managed to escape.

Wilder dumped several articles, such as his camera, suitcase and things he’d taken from the victims, and then drove into New Hampshire. At a service station in Colebrook, New Hampshire, about twelve miles from the Canadian border, he drew the attention of two state troopers. (Newton says they had recognized the car from FBI descriptions, Gibney says they knew it from recent news reports, while Cartel says they thought Wilder was acting strangely enough to investigate.). They looked at him as he stood talking to the attendant and thought he looked like the guy on the FBI posters, sans beard. His tan indicated he was not from around there.

The troopers pulled in and got out of their car. They called out to him, and he dove inside the vehicle, apparently going for a gun. In the scuffle, one trooper, Leo Jellison, jumped on his back, grabbing for the .357 Magnum, and two shots were fired. One went through Wilder into the trooper’s chest, lodging in his liver. The second went into Wilder’s heart, obliterating it. He died on the spot.

It was Friday the 13th. It had been 47 days since the first reported disappearance and he had spent twenty-six days on the run. His luck had just run out.

The Collector

Found in his possession, as listed by both James and Gibney, were the .357 revolver, extra ammunition, handcuffs, rolls of duct tape, rope, a sleeping bag, his business partner’s credit card, the specially designed electrical cord for stunning the women he picked up, and a novel by British author John Fowles called The Collector.

Published in 1963, this story features a lonely entomologist who collects butterflies and who also captures and imprisons a pretty art student named Miranda. He keeps her in his basement. Seeing nothing wrong with what he has done, he treats her well, expecting that this will eventually win her love, and willingly gives her anything she wants, except her freedom. While she grows to need his attention, since he’s the only person she ever sees, she also views him as evil for his imprisonment of her. Nevertheless, she belongs to him, and this fantasy is not uncommon among sadists.

Among those who hoped to create sexual slaves were Jeffrey Dahmer, who murdered seventeen men; Leonard Lake and Charles Ng, who tortured and killed an unknown number of people, and others who actually imprisoned women for sex for long stretches of time but did not kill them. One woman was kept in a box for seven years.

Therapists who had treated Wilder over a period of time knew that he loved this book and had practically memorized it. For him it had been the ultimate fantasy.

But now he would have no more chances to make it come true.

Yet Wilder’s wretched tale did not end there. Six days after the autopsy, New Hampshire pathologist Robert Christie took a phone call from a man claiming to be from Harvard. According to Newton, this man said that Harvard wanted Wilder’s brain for study. He agreed, in the interest of science, but he wanted a formal written request. It never materialized, and when he phoned Harvard, no one there admitted to making any such call.

Even as Wilder was cremated in Florida, there were many questions concerning the whereabouts of some of his victims. The families of the missing were sick with grief that they might never find their daughters.

Yet gradually, a few more were located and identified.Retrospect

On May 3, over a month after she had disappeared, Sheryl Bonaventura was found under a tree in Utah. She had been killed with a gun and also stabbed. Her time of death was estimated at around March 31, two days after she was spotted with Wilder in a restaurant. Eight days later, in the Angeles National Forest, Michelle Korfman was discovered. She was badly decomposed and it took almost a month to notify her family of the identification. Neither of the two girls who had disappeared in Florida, triggering Wilder’s spree, were ever found.

Some women who were murdered in places where he was known to have been on those dates were tentatively linked to him as well, particularly in Las Vegas. A couple of girls identified him from mug shots as the man who had grabbed them in Boynton Beach, Florida in 1983 and forced them to perform oral sex on him. They were ten and twelve.

Even in Australia, he was linked to numerous incidents of sexual molestation and two deaths. In 1965, two decades before his final run, two young women had accompanied a man matching Wilder’s description to a beach near Sydney, and they were both found raped, strangled, and placed in a shallow grave.

Two more girls had been grabbed at malls in Florida. One was stabbed to death and the other was never found. Several sets of skeletal remains were found near property that Wilder owned, and one woman was estimated to have been dead for several years.

In other places where Wilder was seen, girls disappeared. Some were found dead, others disappeared altogether.

Officer Jellison recovered from his wounds and was happy to know the identity of the man he had stopped from escaping into Canada. Thanks to him, it was the end of the line for Christopher Bernard Wilder, who left an estate estimated as being worth between half a million and almost two million.

While he’s credited with eight victims, he’s tentatively linked to so many others that it’s impossible to know the final count of his victims.

Since he died as an apparent suicide, Earl James suggests that when the police began to close in on him, he had already decided to kill himself. However, he wanted a final spree before doing so. Yet given the fact that he went to California and then New Hampshire, it seems more likely that he was trying to flee to another country. He got fairly close to the Mexican border, but something must have made him decide to turn around and go back across country. James believes his intent to cross into Canada is unlikely, since he didn’t choose a populated place to do so. But when he died, he was ten minutes from the border.

Some authors call him a nomadic killer, as if he chose to go from place to place as Ted Bundy did. However, that seems to be a mistaken notion as well. He certainly had learned in Australia that one way to elude a trial was to just leave the country. It was also clear to him in Florida that he would have to leave the state. He’s less the intentional nomad and more likely a killer on the run who grabbed opportunities to rape and kill as he saw them.

He also demonstrates the fact that some serial killers use different methods to kill. He used suffocation, stabbing, and shooting. One victim was both stabbed and shot. Several were let go. Many were tortured, but some were merely killed for their cars. Some were left in rivers, some in rest areas, and one in a gravel pit. Yet he kept his victim type relatively stable.

Psychologist Al C. Carlisle believes that serial killers have a divided personality. Wilder certainly exhibited a good side that fooled people, Carlisle points out, and a bad side that harmed them. He was able to maintain a public persona of an upstanding citizen and run a successful business, even as he entertained and acted out his darker fantasies. As each one was played out, and as life became more disappointing, Wilder’s fantasies became more violent. Nevertheless, Carlisle admits, “the pathological process that leads to the development of an obsessive appetite (and possibly an addiction) to kill is still one of the most perplexing psychological mysteries yet to be solved.”Photo Gallery

Christopher Wilder – The Beauty Queen Killer

Elizabeth Kenyon,victim

Rosario Gonzales,victim

victim

Dawnette Wilt, victim

Beth Dodge, victim

Terry Ferguson, victim

Sheryl Bonaventura, victim

Terry Walden, victim

victim

FBI Wanted poster for Christopher Wilder

Top 10 Evil Serial KillersWARNING: This article contains descriptions of murders and links to photographs of the victims bodies. These are not just the standard notorious murderers; these are some of the most horrific killers to have been found guilty of their crimes. They are on this list either because of the nature of their crime, or the sheer number of their killings. Graphic images are marked with [!]. In no particular order:

1. Gilles de Rais, Born 1404 [Crimelibrary]

Gilles de Rais (a French nobleman) is considered to be the precursor to the modern serial killer. Before he began his killing spree, he rode as a military captain in the army lead by St Joan of Arc – though it is unlikely that she knew him. He was accused and ultimately convicted of torturing, raping and murdering dozens, if not hundreds, of young children, mainly boys.

According to surviving accounts, Rais lured children, mainly young boys who were blond haired and blue eyed (as he had been as a child), to his residences, and raped, tortured and mutilated them, often ejaculating, perhaps via masturbation, over the dying victim. He and his accomplices would then set up the severed heads of the children in order to judge which was the most fair. The precise number of Rais’s victims is not known, as most of the bodies were burned or buried. The number of murders is generally placed between 80 and 200; a few have conjectured numbers upwards of 600. The victims ranged in age from six to eighteen and included both sexes. Although Rais preferred boys, he would make do with young girls if circumstances required.

At the transcript of the trial, one of Gilles servants Henriet (an accomplice to his crimes) described the actions of his master, which were essentially:

Henriet soon began to collect children for his master, and was present whilst he massacred them. They were murdered invariably in one room at Machecoul. The marshal used to bathe in their blood; he was fond of making Gilles do Sillé, Pontou, or Henriet torture them, and he experienced intense pleasure in seeing them in their agonies. But his great passion was to welter in their blood. His servants would stab a child in the jugular vein, and let the blood squirt over him. The room was often steeped in blood. When the horrible deed was done, and the child was dead, the marshal would be filled with grief for what he had done, and would toss weeping and praying on a bed, or recite fervent prayers and litanies on his knees, whilst his servants washed the floor, and burned in the huge fireplace the bodies of the murdered children. With the bodies were burned the clothes and everything that had belonged to the little victims. An insupportable odour filled the room, but the Maréchal do Retz inhaled it with delight

Images: Castle of Machecoul

2. Richard Trenton Chase, Born 1950 [Crimelibrary]

Richard Trenton Chase (May 23, 1950 – December 26, 1980) was an American serial killer who killed six people in the span of a month in California. He earned the nickname The Vampire of Sacramento due to his drinking of his victims’ blood and his cannibalism. He did this as part of a delusion that he needed to prevent Nazis from turning his blood into powder via poison they had planted beneath his soap dish.

On December 29, 1977, Chase killed his first victim in a drive-by shooting, Ambrose Griffin, a 51-year-old engineer and father of two. Chase’s next victim was Teresa Wallin. Three months pregnant, Teresa was surprised at her home by Chase, who shot her three times, killing her. He then had sex with the corpse and mutilated it, bathing in the dead woman’s blood. On January 27, Chase committed his final murders. Entering the home of 38-year-old Evelyn Miroth, he encountered her neighbor, Don Meredith, who he shot with the same .22 handgun. Stealing Meredith’s wallet and car keys, he rampaged through the house, fatally shooting Evelyn Miroth, her 6-year-old son Jason, and Miroth’s 22-month-old nephew, David. As with Teresa Wallin, Chase engaged in necrophilia and cannibalism with Miroth’s corpse. Chase returned to his home, where he drank David’s blood and ate several of the infant’s internal organs before disposing of the body at a nearby church. A witness saw him leaving the scene where he left perfect fingerprints and shoe-prints – leading to his arrest.

On May 8 Chase was found guilty of six counts of first degree murder and was sentenced to die in the gas chamber. Waiting to die, Chase became a feared presence in prison; the other inmates (including several gang members), aware of the graphic and bizarre nature of his crimes, feared him, and according to prison officials, they often tried to convince Chase to commit suicide. On December 26, 1980, a guard doing cell checks found Chase lying awkwardly on his bed, not breathing. An autopsy determined that he committed suicide with an overdose of prison doctor-prescribed antidepressants that he had been saving up over the last few weeks.

Images: [!] A victim

3. Jeffrey Dahmer, Born 1960 [Crimelibrary]

Dahmer murdered at least 17 men and boys between 1978 and 1991, with the majority of the murders occurring between 1989 and 1991. His murders were particularly gruesome, involving acts of forced sodomy, necrophilia, dismemberment, and cannibalism. Dahmer committed his first murder when he was 18, killing Steven Hicks, a 19 year-old hitchhiker. Dahmer invited Hicks to his house, and killed him because he “didn’t want him to leave.”

On September 25, 1988, he was arrested for sexually fondling a 13-year-old Laotian boy in Milwaukee, for which he served 10 months of a one year sentence in a work release camp. However, in 1988 there was not yet a law requiring offenders to register when convicted of a sex crime against a minor. He convinced the judge that he needed therapy, and he was released with a five-year probation on good behavior. Shortly thereafter, he began a string of murders that would end with his arrest in 1991.

In the early morning hours of May 27, 1991, 14-year-old Milwaukee Laotian Konerak Sinthasomphone (the younger brother of the boy Dahmer had molested) was discovered on the street, wandering nude. Reports of the boy’s injuries varied. Dahmer told police that they had an argument while drinking, and that Sinthasomphone was his 19 year-old lover. Against the teenager’s protests, police turned him over to Dahmer. They had no suspicions, but reported smelling a strange scent. That scent was later found to be bodies in the back of his room. Later that night Dahmer killed and dismembered Sinthasomphone, keeping his skull as a souvenir. By the summer of 1991, Dahmer was murdering approximately one person each week.

On July 22, 1991, Dahmer lured another man, Tracy (Traci) Edwards, into his home. According to the would-be victim, Dahmer struggled with Edwards in order to handcuff him. Edwards escaped and alerted a police car, with the handcuffs still hanging from one hand. Edwards led police back to Dahmer’s apartment. The story of Dahmer’s arrest and the gruesome inventory in his apartment quickly gained notoriety: several corpses were stored in acid-filled vats, severed heads were found in his refrigerator, and implements for the construction of an altar of candles and human skulls were found in his closet. Accusations soon surfaced that Dahmer had practiced necrophilia, cannibalism, and possibly a form of trepanation in order to create so-called “zombies.”

The court found Dahmer guilty on 15 counts of murder and sentenced him to 15 life terms, totalling 937 years in prison. At his sentencing hearing, Dahmer expressed remorse for his actions, also saying that he wished for his own death. On November 28, 1994, Dahmer and another inmate named Jesse Anderson were beaten to death by fellow inmate Christopher Scarver while on work detail in the prison gym. Dahmer died from severe head trauma in the ambulance en route to the hospital.

Images: [!] A victim, [!] Parts of another victim

4. Albert Fish, Born 1870 [Crimelibrary]

Albert Fish, also known as the Gray Man, the Werewolf of Wysteria and possibly the Brooklyn Vampire, boasted that he molested over 100 children, and was a suspect in at least five killings. Fish confessed to three murders that police were able to trace to a known homicide, and confessed to stabbing at least two other people. He was put on trial for the murder of Grace Budd, and was convicted and executed.

Fish was visited in prison by the mother of his victim Billy Gaffney to get more details about the death of her son. Fish said:

[I c]ut one of my belts in half, slit these halves in six strips about 8 inches long. I whipped his bare behind till the blood ran from his legs. I cut off his ears, nose, slit his mouth from ear to ear. Gouged out his eyes. He was dead then. I stuck the knife in his belly and held my mouth to his body and drank his blood. I picked up four old potato sacks and gathered a pile of stones. Then I cut him up. I had a grip with me. I put his nose, ears and a few slices of his belly in the grip. Then I cut him through the middle of his body. Just below the belly button. Then through his legs about 2 inches below his behind. I put this in my grip with a lot of paper. I cut off the head, feet, arms, hands and the legs below the knee.

In addition to this horrifying description, Fish confessed to eating parts of Billy:

I made a stew out of his ears, nose, pieces of his face and belly. I put onions, carrots, turnips, celery, salt and pepper. It was good. Then I split the cheeks of his behind open, cut off his monkey and pee wees and washed them first. I put strips of bacon on each cheek of his behind and put them in the oven. Then I picked 4 onions and when the meat had roasted about 1/4 hour, I poured about a pint of water over it for gravy and put in the onions. At frequent intervals I basted his behind with a wooden spoon. So the meat would be nice and juicy. In about 2 hours, it was nice and brown, cooked through. I never ate any roast turkey that tasted half as good as his sweet fat little behind did.

At his trial, several psychiatrists testified about Fish’s sexual fetishes, including coprophilia, urophilia, pedophilia and masochism. X-rays of Fish’s pelvis show needles which he inserted in to his skin for sexual pleasure.

Images: X-Ray of Fish’s pelvis, Closer view of the X-Ray, Cottage where one murder took place

5. Andrei Chikatilo, Born 1936 [Crimelibrary]

Andrei Chikatilo was a Ukrainian serial killer, nicknamed the Butcher of Rostov and ‘The Red Ripper.’ He was convicted of the murder of 53 women and children between 1978 and 1990. In 1978, Chikatilo moved to Shakhty, a small coal mining town near Rostov, where he committed his first documented murder. On December 22, he lured a nine-year-old girl to an old house which he bought in secret from his family and attempted to rape her. When the girl struggled, he stabbed her to death. He ejaculated in the process of knifing the child, and from then on he was only able to achieve sexual arousal and orgasm through stabbing and slashing women and children to death. Despite evidence linking Chikatilo to the girl’s death, a young man, Alexsandr Kravchenko, was arrested and later tried and executed for the crime.

He established a pattern of approaching runaways and young vagrants at bus or railway stations and enticing them to leave. A quick trip into a nearby forest was the scene for the victim’s death. In 1983, he did not kill until June, but then he murdered four victims before September. The victims were all women and children. The adult females were often prostitutes or homeless tramps who could be lured with promises of alcohol or money. Chikatilo would usually attempt intercourse with these victims, but would usually be unable to get an erection, which would send him into a murderous fury. The child victims were of both sexes, and Chikatilo would lure them away with his friendly, talkative manner by promising them toys or candy. In the USSR at the time, reports of crimes like child rape and serial murder were often suppressed by the state-controlled media, as such crimes were regarded as being common only in “hedonistic capitalist nations.”

In 1988 Chikatilo resumed killing, generally keeping his activities far from the Rostov area. He murdered a woman in Krasny-Sulin in April and went on to kill another eight people that year, including two victims in Shakhty. Again there was a long lapse before Chikatilo resumed killing, murdering seven boys and two women between January and November of 1990. He was finally caught when trying to approach young children whilst under police surveillance. He went to trial on April 14, 1992. Despite his odd and disruptive behavior in court, he was judged fit to stand trial. During the trial he was famously kept in a cage in the center of the courtroom; it was constructed for his own protection from the relatives of the deceased. The trial had a very disturbing atmosphere. The relatives kept shouting threats and insults to Chikatilo, demanding the authorities to release him so that they could execute him on their own. He was found guilty of 52 of the 53 murders and sentenced to death for each offense.

He was executed by firing squad (shot in the back of the head) on February 14, 1994 after Russian president Boris Yeltsin refused a last ditch appeal by Chikatilo for clemency.

Images: [!] Head of a victim, [!] Body of a victim

6. Joachim Kroll, Born 1933 [Crimelibrary]

Kroll was a German serial killer and cannibal. He was known as the Ruhr Cannibal (Ruhrkannibale), and the Duisburg Man-Eater (Duisburger Menschenfresser). He was convicted of eight murders but confessed to a total of 13.

On July 3, 1976, Kroll was arrested for kidnapping and killing a four-year-old girl named Marion Ketter. As police went from home to home, a neighbor approached a policeman and told him that the waste-pipe in his apartment building had blocked up, and when he had asked his neighbor, Kroll, whether he knew what had been blocking the pipe, Kroll had simply replied; “Guts”. Upon this report, the police went up to Kroll’s apartment and found the body of the Ketter girl cut up: some parts were in the fridge, a hand was cooking in a pan of boiling water and the intestines were found stuck in the waste-pipe.

Kroll said that he often sliced portions of flesh from his victims to cook and eat them, claiming that he did this to save on his grocery bills. In custody, he believed that he was going to get a simple operation to cure him of his homicidal urges and would then be released from prison. Instead he was charged with eight murders and one attempted murder. In April 1982, after a 151-day trial, he was convicted on all counts and was given nine life sentences.
He died of a heart attack in 1991 in the prison of Rheinbach, near Bonn.

7. Dennis Rader, Born 1945 [Crimelibrary]

Rader is an American serial killer who murdered at least 10 people in Sedgwick County (in and around Wichita), Kansas, between 1974 and 1991. He was known as the BTK killer (or the BTK strangler), which stands for Bind, Torture and Kill, an apt description of his modus operandi. Letters were written soon after the killings to police and to local news outlets, boasting of the crimes and knowledge of details. After a long hiatus these letters resumed in 2004, leading to his arrest in 2005 and subsequent conviction.

Using personal jargon for his killing equipment, Rader casually described his victims as his “projects” and at one point likened his murders to euthanizing animals by saying he “put them down.” Rader created what he called a “hit kit,” a briefcase or bowling bag containing the items he would use during murders: guns, tape, rope and handcuffs. He also packed what he called “hit clothes” that he would wear for the crimes and then dispose of. Rader bound, tortured, and killed his victims. Rader would strangle his victims until they lost consciousness, then let them revive, then strangle them again. He would repeat the pattern over and over again, forcing them to experience near-death, becoming sexually aroused at the sight of their struggles. Finally, Rader would strangle them to death and masturbate to ejaculation into an article of their clothing, usually underwear.

Rader was particularly known for sending taunting letters to police and newspapers. There were several communications from BTK during 1974 to 1979. The first was a letter that had been stashed in an engineering book in the Wichita Public Library in October 1974 that described in detail the killing of the Otero family in January of that year. In early 1978 he sent another letter to television station KAKE in Wichita claiming responsibility for the murders of the Oteros, Shirley Vian, Nancy Fox and another unidentified victim assumed to be Kathryn Bright. He suggested a number of possible names for himself, including the one that stuck: BTK

A sample of one of his letters:

The victims are tie up-most have been women-phone cut- bring some bondage mater sadist tendencies-no struggle, outside the death spot-no wintness except the Vain’s Kids. They were very lucky; a phone call save them. I was go-ng to tape the boys and put plastics bag over there head like I did Joseph, and Shirley. And then hang the girl. God-oh God what a beautiful sexual relief that would been. Josephine, when I hung her really turn me on; her pleading for mercy then the rope took whole, she helpless; staring at me with wide terror fill eyes the rope getting tighter-tighter.

Rader plead guilty and was sentenced to life in prison – a sentence he is currently still serving.

Images: [!] Bound neck of victim, [!] Body of another victim, [!] Clothed body of bound victim, [!] Bound in grave

8. John Haigh, Born 1909 [Crimelibrary]

John George Haigh (July 24, 1909 — August 10, 1949), the “Acid Bath Murderer”, was a serial killer in England during the 1940s. He was convicted of the murders of six people, although he claimed to have killed a total of nine, dissolving their bodies in sulphuric acid before forging papers in order to sell their possessions and collect substantial sums of money. He acted under the mistaken belief that police needed a body before they could bring a charge of murder. As a consequence, he was convicted through forensic evidence and executed on August 10, 1949.

After hiring rooms in Glouster Road, London, he bumped into an old wealthy boss William McSwann in the Goat pub in Kensington. McSwann introduced Haigh to his parents, Donald and Amy, who mentioned that they had invested in property. On 6 September, 1944, McSwann disappeared. Haigh later said he hit him over the head after luring him into a basement at 79 Gloucester Road, London SW7. He then put McSwann’s body into a 40-gallon drum and tipped sulphuric acid on to it. Two days later he returned to find the body had become sludge, which he poured down a manhole.

He told McSwann’s parents their son had fled to Scotland to avoid being called up for military service. Haigh then took over McSwann’s and when Don and Amy become curious about why their son had not returned after the war was coming to an end, he murdered them too. On July 2, 1945, he lured them to Gloucester Road and disposed of them.

Detectives soon discovered Haigh’s record of theft and fraud and searched the workshop. Police not only found Haigh’s attaché case containing a dry cleaner’s receipt for Mrs Durand-Deacon’s coat, but also papers referring to the Hendersons and McSwanns. Further investigation of the sludge at the workshop by the pathologist Keith Simpson revealed three human gallstones.

It was reported that Haigh, in the condemned cell at Wandsworth Prison, asked one of his jailers, Jack Morwood, whether it would be possible to have a trial run of his hanging so everything would run smoothly. It is likely his request went no further, or, if it did, the request was denied. Whatever the case, Haigh was led to the gallows by Chief Executioner Albert Pierrepoint on August 10, 1949.

9. Javed Iqbal, Born 1956 [Crimelibrary]

Javed Iqbal Mughal (1956?-2001) was a serial killer from Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. He claimed he killed 100 boys during an 18 month period. He had been arrested in June 1998 for sexually abusing 2 boys for money. He went off on bail, and began murdering boys shortly afterwards. Iqbal found boys on the street, charmed them into his confidence, and then drugged, raped, and strangled them. He then cut the body into pieces and put them in a vat filled with hydrochloric acid. Once all of the remains were liquified, he dumped them. He first used the sewer, until neighbors complained of an acrid stench. He then decided to use the Ravi River. The partially liquified remains of two boys, one of whom was named Ijaz, were the only ones found of Iqbal’s victims. He kept the rest in an acid drum outside his house. He also kept clothing and shoes as trophies of his crimes. When he got to his fiftieth victim, he started taking pictures of them.

No one had noticed the disappearance of the boys that Iqbal killed. Iqbal claimed that he could have killed 500 if he had wanted to. He reportedly said “I am Javed Iqbal, killer of 100 children … I hate this world, I am not ashamed of my action and I am ready to die. I have no regrets. I killed 100 children.”

From a letter written by Iqbal:

“I had sexually assaulted 100 children before killing them,” read the first placard. “All the details of the murders are contained in the diary and the 32-page notebook that have been placed in the room and had also been sent to the authorities. This is my confessional statement.”

Iqbal was sentenced to death by hanging, although the judge said he would have liked Iqbal to be strangled 100 times, cut into 100 pieces, and put him in acid. Before this sentence could be carried out, he was found strangled with his bed sheets in his prison cell on October 7, 2001. One of his accomplices, Sajid, was also strangled. Pakistani authorities say that the men committed suicide. Another accomplice had previously fallen to his death from a CIA window.

10. Ted Bundy, Born 1946 [Crimelibrary]

heodore Robert ‘Ted’ Bundy (November 24, 1946 – January 24, 1989) is one of the most infamous serial killers in U.S. history. Bundy raped and murdered scores of young women across the United States between 1974 and 1978. After more than a decade of vigorous denials, Bundy eventually confessed to 30 murders, although the actual total of victims remains unknown. Typically, Bundy would rape then murder his victims by bludgeoning, and sometimes by strangulation. He also engaged in necrophilia.

He would approach a potential victim in a public place, even in daylight or in a crowd, as when he abducted Ott and Naslund at Lake Sammamish or when he kidnapped Leach from her school. Bundy had various ways of gaining a victim’s trust. Sometimes, he would feign injury, wearing his arm in a sling or wearing a fake cast, as in the murders of Hawkins, Rancourt, Ott, Naslund, and Cunningham. At other times Bundy would impersonate an authority figure; he pretended to be a policeman when approaching Carol DaRonch. The day before he killed Kimberly Leach, Bundy approached another young Florida girl pretending to be “Richard Burton, Fire Department,” but left hurriedly after her older brother arrived.

After luring a victim to his car, Bundy would hit her in the head with a crowbar he had placed underneath his Volkswagen or hidden inside it. Every recovered skull, except for that of Kimberly Leach, showed signs of blunt force trauma. Bundy often would drink alcohol prior to finding a victim.

On death row, Bundy admitted to decapitating at least a dozen of his victims with a hacksaw. He kept the severed heads later found on Taylor Mountain in his room or apartment for some time before finally disposing of them. Bundy also confessed to visiting his victims’ bodies over and over again at the Taylor Mountain body dump site. He stated that he would lie with them for hours, applying makeup to their corpses and having sex with their decomposing bodies until putrefaction forced him to abandon the remains.

Despite having five court-appointed lawyers, he insisted on acting as his own attorney and even cross-examined witnesses, including the police officer who had discovered Margaret Bowman’s body. The Judge, when passing sentence said:

“It is ordered that you be put to death by a current of electricity, that current be passed through your body until you are dead. Take care of yourself, young man. I say that to you sincerely; take care of yourself, please. It is an utter tragedy for this court to see such a total waste of humanity as I’ve experienced in this courtroom. You’re an intelligent young man. You’d have made a good lawyer, and I would have loved to have you practice in front of me, but you went another way, partner. Take care of yourself. I don’t feel any animosity toward you. I want you to know that. Once again, take care of yourself.”

Bundy was executed in the Electric Chair at 7:06 a.m. local time on January 24, 1989. His last words were “I’d like you to give my love to my family and friends.”

Images: [!] Head of a victim, [!] Another victim, [!] Bundy after his execution

Notable mentions: John Wayne Gacy, David Berkowitz, Herman MudgettSerial Killers

On this page you will find some basic information on the charachteristics, and motives of a serial killer.
I will also be listing some of the most prolific serial killers, and the methods they used to kill thier victims.
I will be adding to this list frequently. What can I say?…To many serial killers…to little time! So come back often for updates, and enjoy!

Charachteristics of a Serial Killer.

Kills are seperate, often escalating over a period of time, sometimes years, and will continue until the killer is taken into custody, or dies.

Killing tends to be one on one. Although there have been instances where a serial killer has killed more than one at a time.

There is no (or very little) connection between the perpitrator and the victim.

Although there may be a “pattern” or “victim trait”, individual murders with in a series rarely display a clearly defined or rational motive.

Motives of a Serial Killer.

Visionaries: Acts in responce to voices and is instructed by these voices to perform the act of murder. These killers are usually schitzophrenic and psycotic.

Missionaries: They think it is their responsibility to rid society of unwanted elements.

Hedontist: Kill because murder causes them pleasure.

Lust Killers: Kills for sexual gratification with acts that are usually sadistic.

Thrill Killers: Kill for a desire for a thrill or experience.

Gain Killers: Kills for personal gain. The killer premeditates the act to require financial gain or materialistic goods.

Power Seekers: Kills for the desire to have control over the life and death of others.

The Serial Killers.

Ed Gien: Kills 2+
Ed Gein grew up with a dominating mother. When she died he masterbated over her dead body. This is where it all started. Ed Gein participated in grave robbing and a strange type of transvestite necrophilia. He would carve out the genitalia of female cadavers and wear them over his own. Ed Gein found uses for all parts of the anatomy. He had a belt made of nipples, a skin vest that he would wear, mobiles made out of noses, skulls on his bed posts, cranial bowls for soup, drums made out of skin, etc…Although Gein was only linked to 2 murders (although linked to many more) few other serial killers lived up to the same degree of wierdness.

Jeffrey Dahmer: Kills 17
As a kid, Dahmer liked to torture and kill little animals. As an adult he did the same to humans. He would lure gay, black men to his apartment, kill them, and have them for dinner. He would have sex with the corpses (and always wore a condom). He enjoyed sex with the dead better because they couldn’t get up and leave. He would experiment with different ways of disposing of his victims remains. When captured police found three dissolving bodies in fifty-five gallon acid vats in the bathroom. They also found four severed heads, seven skulls, skeletons in the closet, and a penis in a lobster pot. They also found a heart in the freezer. Dahmer was ironically murdered in prison by another inmate. His brain was preserved, at the request of his mother, for future study.

John Wayne Gacy: Kills 33
This sadistic child molester liked to entertain boys privately in a very different fashion. A typical organized killer, he had all aspects of the murder worked out before each kill. Once he entered his murderous fantasy, he would let loose. He enjoyed hand cuffing his victims, anally raping them, beating them to a pulp, reciting verses from the bible, and then strangling them to death. Thirty bodies were found burned in the crawl space underneath his house. In prison, John started a new career as an artist, painting mostly colorful clown pictures, which have been shown in galleries nationwide. He was executed by lethal injection in 1994.

Ted Bundy: Kills 22+
The posterboy of the serial killer community. He was handsome, charming, and deadlier than a rattlesnake. This law student and Young Republican liked to wear an arm sling to appear vulnerable, and to get woman to help him with his grocieries. He favored killing pretty, dark-haired, cheerleader types. He would rape and bludgeon them to death. He was also fond of biting them. The bite marks on one of his victims was used as evidence against him at his trial. Bundy was fried by the state of Florida in 1989.

Zodiac Killer: Kills 37+
The elusive Zodiac is the most prolific killer in California. The Zodiac, a killer obssessed with publicity, sent twenty-one letters to various news papers boasting of his crimes. He obtained his astral moniker after he scribbled zodiac signs around several of his crime scenes. He started his killing spree in 1966 and faded around 1974. The survivors from his attacks have described him as a heavy set man with glasses, and red hair. In one of his letters he explained that he killed “because it is so much fun”. His master plan was to collect “slaves for the afterlife”. Now some believe that Zodiac moved to New York where he continues with his deadly forays.

Albert DeSalvo (The Boston Strangler): Kills 13
The Boston Strangler began murdering in 1962. At first he only killed elderly woman. He would rape and strangle them. Sometimes he would shove foriegn objects like bottles or broomsticks into the womans vagina. He would always leave a “signiture” at the murder scene. His “signiture” was tying a stocking or ribbon (the murder weapon) around the womans neck. Towards the end of 1962 he began preying on young woman. These new victims lead to new methods of murder. In one instance he stabbed a woman two dozen times. DeSalvo was sent to a mental institution for a short period. He was institutionalized for all of the rapes he committed NOT the murders. While in the mental institution he bragged about the murders. It was then that authorities realized who DeSalvo really was. DeSalvo was never convicted of the murders. He was given a life sentance for the rapes. In 1973 he was stabbed to death by a fellow inmate.

Jack the Ripper: Kills 5
Jack the Ripper is one of the most infamous killers of all time. The murders began in 1888, in the Whitechappel section of London. Murders here were not uncommon. It was the brutallity of these murders that brought it attention. A prostitute named Mary Ann Nicholis was found butchered. Her body was left lying in the gutter. Her throat had been slashed, nearly severing her head. A slash through her stomach and vagina had been mutilated. The next body was found about a week later. Her head was almost completly severed and she was evicerated. A while later police recieved a letter bragging about the murders, it was signed “Jack the Ripper”. A few weeks later Jack had a committed a double murder. His first victim had her throat slashed, yet Jack was frightened away by an oncomming wagon. Later that night he captured another prostitute. He slashed her throat, slit her from froin to breast bone, removed her organs, and took her kidney. His last murder was the most grisly of all. Jack encountered yet another prostitute and she brought him home. In the bed he slashed her throat, cut off her nose, removed her breasts, evicerated her, and carved flesh off of her legs. Jacks murders ended there, he was never heard of again. He was never caught.


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